Demographics of Hyderabad

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The city population in 1897 was 415,039.[2] Today the city of Hyderabad, India cover an area of 650 square kilometres (250 sq mi),[3] has a population of 6,809,970 making it the fourth most populous city in India.[4] There are 3,500,802 male and 3,309,168 female citizens. The area under the municipality increased from 170 square kilometres (66 sq mi) to 650 square kilometres (250 sq mi) in 2007 when the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation was created.[5] As a consequence, the total population leaped from 3,637,483 in 2001 census to 6,809,970 in 2014 census, an increase of over 87%. Migrants from rest of India constitute 24% of the city population.[6] The sex ratio of Hyderabad city is 945 female per 1000 males,[7] higher than the national average of 926 per 1000.[8] Among children aged 0–6 years, 373,794 are boys and 352,022 are girls, giving rise to the ratio of 942 girls per 1000 boys.[7] The city's population density is 18,480/km2 (47,900/sq mi).[9] Hyderabad city's literacy rate is 82.96% (male 85.96% and female 79.79%), higher than the national average of 74.04%.[10] Hyderabad city is governed by Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation that comes under the Hyderabad Urban Agglomeration, which has a population of 7.7 million the sixth most populous urban agglomeration in the country, with 3,985,240 males and 3,764,094 are females.[4][7] A proposal to expand the area covered by the city to make it 721 square kilometres (278 sq mi) by merging the surrounding gram panchayats and around 30 villages is being considered, as of 2009.[3]

Ethnic groups, Language and Religion[edit]

Residents of Hyderabad are called Hyderabadi and Telangana State people comprise the majority of Hyderabad's population. The minority communities of Hyderabad are Kannadiga (including Nawayathi), Marwari, Odia, Bengali, Tamil, Malayali, Gujrati, Iranian, Punjabi, Pathan, Turkish and people from Uttar Pradesh. Among the foreign-origin communities Yemeni Arabs form the majority with African Arabs, Iranian, Pathani and Turks as minorities - who kept settling here during Muslim rule, but which declined after the inception of Hyderabad State into the Indian Union.[11]

Telugu and Urdu are the official languages of Hyderabad, while English is commonly used.[12][13] Telugu in Hyderabad has a varied dialect called the Telangana dialect,[14] and the Urdu spoken in the city is called Deccani Urdu.[15] A significant population of the city speaks different languages such as Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Kannada, Tamil and Malayalam.[16]

Religions in Greater Hyderabad City[17]
Religion Percent
Distribution of religions
Includes Jains (0.29%), Sikhs (0.25%).


Though Hindus form a majority of the population, Muslims have substantial presence across the city and are predominant in and around Old City. The other religious communities are French-speaking Christian, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist and Parsi. Iconic temples, mosques and churches are housed in the city.[19] After the expansion of city limits and formation of Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation in 2007, the Hyderabad city's religious statistics of 2011 census are: Hindus (64.93%), Muslims (30.13%), Christians (2.75%), Jains (0.29%), Sikhs (0.25%), Buddhists (0.04%) and remaining others.[20] The population of Hyderabad district is 39.43 lakhs, where Hindus are 20.46 lakhs (51.89%) and Muslims are 17.13 lakhs (43.35%).[21][22] Old City area of Hyderabad is 65% Muslim majority.[23] 30% are Hindus.[24] As per 2011 Census, Christians number 9,687 while Sikhs number 7,166 in Old Hyderabad City.[25]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Census of India Census of India does not have information from previous censuses on their site. Data from past censuses was obtained from World Gazetteer
  2. ^ "Indias populus cities". San Francisco Call. 22 August 1897. Retrieved 11 May 2015. 
  3. ^ a b "Expansion of city on cards". The Times of India. 20 December 2009. Retrieved 18 April 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Government of India. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  5. ^ "GHMC allowed to have development control". The Hindu. 26 June 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2012. 
  6. ^ "Survey of child labour in slums of Hyderabad:Final Report" (PDF). Center for good governance Hyderaba. 17 December 2008. Retrieved 16 May 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c "Hyderabad (Greater Hyderabad) City". Census of India, 2011. 2012. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  8. ^ "Urban sex ratio below national mark". The Times of India. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2012. 
  9. ^ "Sex ratio goes up in state". The Times of India. 1 April 2011. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 
  10. ^ "AP slips further in national literacy ratings". The Times of India. Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Sabrina Kran (2007). "Cultural, spatial and socio-economic fragmentation in the Indian megacity Hyderabad" (PDF). Irmgard Coninx Stiftung. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 May 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  12. ^ "MCH plans Citizens' Charter in Telugu, Urdu". The Times of India. 1 May 2002. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  13. ^ Zimmerman, Ellen Kay (1988). "Grammatical Categories and Socio cultural Variables in the English of Hyderabad". The University of Chicago. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Espousing Telangana's cause". The Hindu. 23 September 2003. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  15. ^ "National level Urdu meet to celebrate I-Day". The Times of India. 15 August 2001. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  16. ^ "Hyderabadi brand of humour". The Hindu. 3 August 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "Hyderabad (Greater Hyderabad) City Census 2011 data". Census 2011 India. Retrieved 31 March 2017. 
  18. ^ "National level Urdu meet to celebrate I-Day". The Times of India. 15 August 2001. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  19. ^ "Muslim population in AP". The Milli Gazette. 16–31 Aug 2004. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
    • Chillibreeze (2007). Hyderabad: an expat survival guide. A Chillibreeze Publication. p. 21. ISBN 978-81-904055-5-3. 
    • Leonard, Karen (2011). "Hindu temples in Hyderabad: State patronage and politics in South Asia". South Asian History and Culture. 2 (3): 352. doi:10.1080/19472498.2011.577568. 
  20. ^ "Census GIS household". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 17 April 2012. 
  21. ^ "'Muslim population 'stabilizing' in Hyderabad'". 
  22. ^ "Christian women outnumber men: study". 
  23. ^ "The Hyderabad Lok Sabha, with all of seven assembly segments, has an electorate of which 65 per cent belong to the minorities—Muslims chiefly.". 
  24. ^ "In Hyderabad, a tale of two cities". 
  25. ^ "Christians third largest community in Old City after Muslims, Hindus".