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Deoni is located in Maharashtra
Deoni is located in India
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°15′50″N 77°04′56″E / 18.26389°N 77.08222°E / 18.26389; 77.08222Coordinates: 18°15′50″N 77°04′56″E / 18.26389°N 77.08222°E / 18.26389; 77.08222
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Latur
Taluka Deoni
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 413519
Telephone code +02385
Vehicle registration MH 24
Lok Sabha constituency Latur
Vidhan Sabha constituency Nilanga[1]
Literacy 70%

Deoni is a town and headquarters of Deoni Taluka in Latur subdivision of Latur district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

The village is near Udgir. There is a famous breed of cattle from this area called as the "Deoni breed" or "Deoni cattle".[2]


Prior to 1948, Deoni was under the princely state of Hyderabad-Deccan State.

The most splendid architecture in Deoni was the palace of Shahzadah Gulab Muhammad Khān Durrani Abdāli who belongs to the lineage of Shahzadah Kadir Baksh Durrani from the 7th son of Shahzadah Sultan Sanjar of His Majesty Ahmed Shah (Ahmed Khan) Abdali- founder of Durrani empire. This fort in Urdu was called as Gadi.[3] He built it at the side of river(now known as Dev Nadi) which used to flow inside the courtyard of their fort called "Aangan" of the Rangeen Mahal it was also named as "Bada Ghar" due to its massive size which is spread along more than 14 acres (57,000 m2) of land studded with Rainbow glasses and gold coating walls of Deewan, meticulous golden deer engravings, and golden engravings of Persian culture which was looted at the time of operation polo held in September 1948. Shahzadah Gulāb Muhammad khan Durrani issued four sons, two elder son`s were renowned advocate in the entire Afghan Pashtun and Pathan community of Hyderabad, Deccan especially Maharashtra, Maharatwada state of Deccan. His second son Shahzadah Akbar Muhammd Khan Durrani voluntarily left the practice of Law as he was being considered as a professional threat to his elder brother and adopted a post of Tehsildar and was a very close friend and adviser of Nawab Kamal Yar Jung Bahadur of Kamalnagar (one of the official 22 Nawabs during Nizam VII reign).

The remaining ruins of this fort were converted into a Police Station & Public school and the other half is privately owned. Now the complete remains are demolished by state government because there was a possibility of old walls falling. This place is of utmost importance in the Maharatwada region during operation polo as majority of Muslim inhabitants from nearby district Udgir fled to Deoni considering Durrani`s as their saviors. While saving the refugees Shahzadah Akbar Muhammad Khan Durrani, his eldest son Shahzadah Iqbal Muhammad Khan Durrani and his elder brother Shahzadah Alam Muhammad khan Durrani and two other unmarried brothers were martyred mercilessly along with their other relatives as they were barrier against the innocent muslim population of Maharatwada and the Hindu fractions and Indian army . In his family commemoration a book is also issued in Karachi by the mayor of Karachi. He was a dear friend of Nawab Bahadur Yar Jung Sadozai who was the head for Jagirdar Association on whose name Bahadurabad was inhabited in Karachi,Pakistan. Shahzadah Alam Muhammad Khan Durrani`s portray is also displayed at Salar Jung Museum in Hyderabad, Telangana.

Shahzadah Akbar Muhammad Khan Durrani survived with seven daughters and two son who are settled in Saudi Arabia, India, U.S and UK. There family is also related to the Late Nawab of Junagardh Dilawar Khanji family through his first wife who was the daughter of another Durrani from Bhopal. .

It had doors which measured up to 30 meters. The remains of it can still be seen. These walls were hidden with treasures belonging to this ruling family it is said that it was bought by a person named Deshmukh who realised the embedded treasure with different sound emanating from these walls and after drilling he witnessed a fortune with which he opened multiple cooperative banks and ordered to dismantle the terrace. Hence,these ruins does not have any roof left on them.


In the 2001 Indian census, the village of Deoni recorded 11,276 inhabitants, of which were males (%) and were females (%).[4]


  1. ^ "Assembly Constituencies-Post delimitation: Maharashtra: Latur District" (PDF). National Informatics Centre, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-29. 
  2. ^ Deshpande, K. S.; Singh, B. P. (1977). "Genetic studies on Deoni cattle, 1: Age at first calving". Indian Veterinary Journal. 54: 454–456. 
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Census 2001 Population Finder: Maharashtra: Latur: Shirur-Anantpal: Sokal". Office of The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.