Cobra-at-rest (hieroglyph)

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I10
Cobra
Cobra-at-Rest
in hieroglyphs
Relief at Luxor.
The Ancient Egyptian Cobra hieroglyph is Gardiner sign listed no. I10 for the cobra-at-rest. The Cobra-enraged in defensive posture,
I12
is the famous pharaonic Uraeus, (portrayed with Gardiner's nos. I12, I13, G16, and other Gardiner unlisted varieties).

The cobra-at-rest hieroglyph is used in the Ancient Egyptian language hieroglyphs for the alphabetic consonant letter dj,[1] (a uniliteral, not an Egyptian biliteral).

Cobra, in hieroglyph word blocks[edit]

D&t&N17
 
D&t&tA
Forever
Eternal-(Eternity)
in hieroglyphs

A variety of hieroglyph composition blocks use the space beneath the cobra-at-rest hieroglyph. In relief scene iconography, the pharaoh is often: "given life, power, dominion, ra-like, forever", in Egyptian: di ankh, usr, djed, ra-ma, djet.

Other example phrases below the cobra are the Egyptian word for "behold!", and the hieroglyph for "speech", or "word", the Gardiner hieroglyph S43, a 'walking stick', or 'cane'.[2]
S43

Palermo Stone, Djet Festival[edit]

In the 2392 BC Palermo Stone, (the 24th to 23rd century BC, the Royal Annals of the Old Kingdom, the previous 700 years, circa 3100-2400 BC), on the obverse of the Palermo Piece (at Palermo Museum, 1 of the 2 large pieces of the 7—piece Palermo Stone), the cobra-at-rest hieroglyph can be found in 4 locations. Two of them are described in the entire "King Year Record", the register-rectangle encompassing each Year Record. They record in Row II (of VI Rows), the (occurrence) "Year: (the) Time of the 1st Djet Festival", the (occurrence) "Year: (the) Time of the 2nd Djet Festival", is recorded in the following Row III, of Pharaoh, King Den. They appear as below: (the Gardiner font reads left-to-right)


O50 I10
X1
T8A W3
P3
(Year)
(Time,of,First,,,Djet,Festival)
(procession,determinative)

O50 Z1 Z1
I10
X1
W3
P3
(Year)
(Time,of,2nd)
(Djet)
(Festival)
(procession,determinative)

Two other uses of the cobra-at-rest hieroglyph follow: in Row IV, Nynetjer's Year 20 record, and the 4th time in Row V.

Other hieroglyphs represent: "Time": Threshing floor-time (hieroglyph), and "First": Dagger (tp hieroglyph).


The Palermo piece-(obverse) of the 7—piece Palermo Stone.
(Palermo Piece, obverse), Row V, 1st half.
(Note: reads right-to-left)
(note 2nd column (Year-register) on left)

The Egyptian hieroglyph alphabetic letters[edit]

The following two tables show the Egyptian uniliteral signs. (24 letters, but multiple use hieroglyphs)

a
G1
i
M17
y
M17 M17
'
D36
(w,u)
G43
B
b
P
p
F
f
M
G17
N
N35
R
D21
H1
h
H2
H
Kh1
Aa1
Kh2
F32
S
O34
(Sh)=Š
N37
Q/K2
N29
K
k
G
g
T
t
ChTj
V13
D
d
Dj
I10
L/(R)
(special)
(Ptolemaic,
etc.)
E23
-- -- -- -- --
a i
(ee)
y
ii
'
ah, (aïn)
w, (u)
(oo)
B
P F M N R H1
H2 (Kh)1 (Kh)2 S Sh
(Sh)
K
emphatic
K G T Tj
Ch
Tsh
D Dj
(additionally 4
for vert/horiz)
-- -- -- -- --
Aa15

M
(horiz)
M2-Plinth
S3

N
(vert)
(see:
N (red crown))
S29

S
(vert)
S (folded)
cloth)
Egyptian-M.png
M
(3rd-M
-2nd-vert)
M3-Baker's tool
(vertical)
(additionally 3
for equivalents)
-- -- -- -- --
M17 M17 (2 reeds)

is—
Z4 (2 strokes)

y2-Two strokes
G43 (quail)

is—
Z7 (coil)

letter w, u
(see w2-Coil)
U33

T
(no. 2)
T2-Pestle

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schumann-Antelme, and Rossini, 1998. Illustrated Hieroglyphics Handbook, uniliteral: U5, ("Erect Cobra"), pp. 26-27.
  2. ^ Betrò, 1995. Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Walking stick, cane, p. 187.