Dogo Argentino

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Dogo Argentino
Pachoacan Mapu Kewa , Elevage de la Casa Vanelle.JPG
Foundation stock
Height Dogs 60–68 cm (24–27 in)[1]
Bitches 60–65 cm (24–26 in)[1]
Weight Dogs 40–48.5 kg (88–107 lb)[1]
Bitches 40–43 kg (88–95 lb)[1]
Coat short
Colour white
Life span 10–12 years[2]: 84 
Kennel club standards
Federación Cinológica Argentina standard
Fédération Cynologique Internationale standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Dogo Argentino (plural Dogos Argentinos) is an Argentine breed of large dog of mastiff type. It was bred in the early twentieth century in Córdoba in central Argentina, primarily for dog-fighting, but also for hunting large game such as peccaries and pumas.[3]: 146 [4]: 340 [5]: 189 [6]: 140 [7][1] The foundation stock included a fighting dog of bulldog type, a Bull Terrier and a Mastín del Pirineo.[7]: 21 


In the 1920s Antonio Nores Martinez, a young student of Córdoba in central Argentina, set out to create a new breed of fighting dog. He wanted it to have the fighting qualities of the Old Cordoba Fighting Dog, but with greater size and strength.[7]: 23  He started with a Bull Terrier bitch with considerable fighting ability, which he bred to a spotted fighting dog of bulldog type. He selected and inter-bred their offspring, selecting for white coat colour and rejecting any animal that was retrognathous (undershot). In the eighth generation he introduced a Mastín del Pirineo bitch; by the twelfth generation his dogs were breeding true. They became well known for their success in the ring.[7]: 21  Nores Martinez later introduced crosses with a variety of other dogs including the Irish Wolfhound.[3]: 146 

In 1947 he presented his breed to the Club de Cazadores ('hunter's club') of Buenos Aires; in 1948 a breed standard was published in the magazine Diana.[7]: 28 

The Dogo was definitively accepted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale in 1973.[8]


Dogo Argentino showing

The Dogo Argentino is a large dog: weights for dogs are some 40–45 kg (90–100 lb), for females slightly less; heights at the withers are in the range 60–65 cm (24–26 in) for females and 60–68 cm (24–27 in) for dogs.[1][9] The length of the body is slightly greater than the height at the withers, up to a maximum of one tenth more.[1][9]

The coat is short and always white. A single black or dark-coloured spot on the head is tolerated as long as it is no larger than one tenth of the size of the head.[1][9]

The muzzle is of about the same length as the skull.[1][9]


Dogos Argentinos are big-game hunters and are also trained for search and rescue, police assistance, service dogs, guide for the blind, competitive obedience, Schutzhund, and military work.[10]

The Dogo Argentino is a hunter of great courage and endurance, and will work individually or in packs. It has also successfully been used in police protection work. An unsteady temperament is a serious fault. {UKC Breed Standard} The Dogo Argentino has a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years.[11]

Dogo Argentino with uncropped ears


As in the Dalmatian, white Boxer, and white Bull Terrier, the Dogo Argentino may experience pigment-related deafness. There is possibility of an approximate 10% deafness rate overall with some dogs afflicted uniaurally (one deaf ear) and some binaurally (deaf in both ears). Studies have shown that the incidence of deafness is drastically reduced when the only breeding stock used is that with bilaterally normal hearing.[12][verification needed]

Hunting and legality[edit]

While the Dogo Argentino was bred primarily from the extinct Cordoba fighting dog, it was bred to be a cooperative hunter, i.e. to accompany other catch dogs and bay dogs on the hunt without fighting with the other dogs.[citation needed]

The Dogo Argentino is banned or has ownership restrictions in certain countries, including the Cayman Islands,[13] Denmark,[citation needed] Norway,[14] Fiji,[15][unreliable source?] Iceland,[citation needed] Australia,[16] New Zealand,[17] Singapore[citation needed], Hong Kong[18] and Turkey.[19] In the United Kingdom, under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991, it is illegal to own a Dogo Argentino without lawful authority.[20]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i FCI-Standard N° 292: Dogo Argentino. Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Accessed December 2022.
  2. ^ Kim Dennis-Bryan (2020 [2012]). The Complete Dog Breed Book, second edition. London: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 9780241412732.
  3. ^ a b David Alderton (2000). Hounds of the World: An Illustrated Guide. Shrewsbury: Swan Hill Press. ISBN 9781853109126.
  4. ^ Bonnie Wilcox, Chris Walkowicz (1993). Atlas of Dog Breeds of the World, fourth edition. Neptune City, New Jersey: TFH Publications. ISBN 0866228551
  5. ^ Pierre Rousselet-Blanc (editor) (1992). El Perro (in Spanish). Barcelona, Spain: Ediciones Martinez Roca, S.A. ISBN 8427016824.
  6. ^ Esther J. J. Verhoef-Verhallen, Marion Drolsbach, Rosemary Mitchell-Schuitvoerder (2001). The Complete Encyclopedia of Dogs. Lisse: Rebo International. ISBN 9036615097.
  7. ^ a b c d e Paolo Vianini (2018). El Dogo Argentino (in Spanish). Barcelona: Editorial De Vecchi S.A. ISBN 9781644615850.
  8. ^ FCI breeds nomenclature: Dogo Argentino. Fédération Cynologique Internationale. Accessed December 2022.
  9. ^ a b c d [ Raza: (292) Dogo Argentino]. Buenos Aires: Federación Cinológica Argentina. Archived 10 July 2019.
  10. ^ Rice, Dan (1 March 2001). Big Dog Breeds. Barron's Educational Series. pp. 152–153. ISBN 978-0-7641-1649-0. Retrieved 15 February 2010. Dogo Argentino.
  11. ^ "Dogo Argentino". United Canine Association.
  12. ^ Strain, G. M. (1992). "Brainstem auditory evoked potentials in veterinary medicine". British Veterinary Journal. 148 (4): 275–8. doi:10.1016/0007-1935(92)90080-K. PMID 1498641.
  13. ^ "Animals (Prohibited Dogs) Regulations (2012 Revision)" (PDF). Cayman Islands Gazette. Vol. 21 (sup. 3). 8 October 2012. Archived (PDF) from the original on 25 March 2022.
  14. ^ "Regulations on dogs" (in Norwegian). Lovdata. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  15. ^ "Fiji Pet Passport Regulations". Pet Travel, Inc. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  16. ^ Australian Department of Agriculture (9 January 2023). "What dog breeds cannot be imported into Australia?". Australian Department of Agriculture.
  17. ^ Te Tari Taiwhenua Department of Internal Affairs. "Key Facts: Dog Control Amendment Act 2003". Te Tari Taiwhenua. Retrieved 14 April 2023.
  18. ^ "Hong Kong e-Legislation". Retrieved 10 October 2022.
  19. ^ "Tehlike Arz Eden Hayvanlara İlişkin Genelge" [Directive on Dangerous Animals] (in Turkish). Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. 9 December 2021. Archived from the original on 9 December 2021. Retrieved 7 January 2022.
  20. ^ "Banned dogs". GOV.UK. Retrieved 30 March 2022.