Vito Corleone

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Vito Andolini Corleone
Godfather15 flip.jpg
Vito Corleone, as portrayed by Marlon Brando in The Godfather.
First appearance
The Godfather
Created by Mario Puzo
Portrayed by Marlon Brando (age 53–63),
Robert De Niro (age 25–31),
Oreste Baldini (child)
Information
Gender Male
Occupation Olive oil importer, Mafia boss
Title The Godfather, Don
Family Corleone family
Spouse(s) Carmela Corleone (1914–1955, his death)
Children Santino "Sonny" Corleone (deceased, 1916-1948),
Frederico "Fredo" Corleone (deceased, 1919-1959),
Michael Corleone (deceased, 1920-1997),
Constanzia "Connie" Corleone (1923-),
Thomas "Tom" Hagen (adopted, deceased, 1960s or 1970s)
Religion Roman Catholic
Father Antonio Andolini (deceased, 18??-1901)
Brother Paolo Andolini (deceased, 1887-1901)
Mother Signora Andolini (deceased, 18??-1901)

Vito Andolini Corleone (December 7, 1891 – July 29, 1955) (born Vito Andolini in Corleone, Province of Palermo, Sicily, Italy) is a fictional character in Mario Puzo's novel The Godfather and in Francis Ford Coppola's first two films, where he was portrayed by Marlon Brando in The Godfather and, as a young man, by Robert De Niro in The Godfather Part II.

Premiere Magazine listed Vito Corleone as the greatest film character in history.[1] He was also selected as the 10th greatest film character by Empire.[2]

Character overview[edit]

Vito Corleone is the head of the Corleone crime family – the most powerful Mafia family in New York City. He is depicted as an orphaned Sicilian immigrant boy who grows into an ambitious man, living in Manhattan's Lower East Side where he builds a Mafia empire. Upon his death at the end of the novel, his youngest son, Michael, succeeds him as the head of the Corleone family. Vito has two other sons, Santino ("Sonny") and Frederico ("Fredo" or "Freddie"), as well as a daughter, Connie, all of whom play major roles in the story. He also informally adopts Sonny's friend, Tom Hagen, who becomes a lawyer and later the Family's consigliere.

Vito oversees a business founded on gambling, bootlegging, and union corruption, but he is known as a generous man who lives by a strict moral code of loyalty to friends and, above all, family. He is also known as a traditionalist who demands respect commensurate with his status; even his closest friends refer to him as "Godfather" or "Don Corleone" rather than "Vito".

Vito prides himself on being careful and reasonable, but does not completely forsake murder and violence. When his godson, singer Johnny Fontane, wanted to be released from his contract with a bandleader, Vito offered to buy it out. When rebuffed, Vito then threatened to kill the bandleader unless he released Fontane for a now token sum. Later, when movie mogul Jack Woltz refuses to cast Fontane in a coveted film role that could revitalize his waning career, Vito has Woltz's champion race horse killed and the horse's severed head placed in Woltz's bed as a warning. In the novel, it is understood that when Vito offers to reason with someone, it should be taken as a warning--and if that warning goes unheeded, the person is likely to pay with his life.

It is also noted in the book that Vito rarely loses his temper. This characteristic is mostly a conscious restraint to avoid his father's fate, whose rashness and excitability contributed to his death by the Sicilian Mafia. When Vito learns that Sonny was involved in a minor crime, however, he curses at him at length in Sicilian dialect.

Early years[edit]

The novel establishes Vito's backstory, which is also portrayed (and expanded on slightly) in The Godfather Part II. Vito was born in the small town of Corleone, Sicily, on December 7, 1891. Antonio Andolini, his father, was murdered by the local Mafia boss, Don Ciccio, for refusing to pay tribute to him. His older brother, Paolo, swearing revenge, was also murdered. Ciccio's henchmen arrive to kill Vito. In desperation, Vito's mother goes to Ciccio and begs him to spare Vito. Ciccio refuses, reasoning that the boy will seek revenge as a grown man. Upon Ciccio's refusal, Vito's mother holds a knife to his throat, allowing her son to escape while she is killed. Family friends smuggle Vito out of Sicily, putting him on a ship with immigrants traveling to America. In the film, Ellis Island immigration officials rename him "Vito Corleone", mistaking "Andolini" for his middle name and his village for his surname. According to The Godfather Part II, he later adopted "Andolini" as his middle name to acknowledge his family heritage. In the book, he takes his village's name of Corleone to acknowledge his origins.

Young Vito is taken in by the Abbandando family in Little Italy on New York's Lower East Side. Their son, Genco, becomes like Vito's brother. Vito earns an honest living at the Abbandandos' grocery store, but the elder Abbandando is forced to fire him when Don Fanucci, a blackhander and the local neighborhood padrone, demands that the grocery hire his nephew.

A young Vito (played by Robert De Niro) kills Don Fanucci

During this time, Vito befriends Peter Clemenza and Salvatore Tessio, who teach him how to survive and prosper through petty crime and performing favors in return for loyalty. In 1920, Vito commits his first murder: killing Fanucci, who had threatened to report him, Clemenza, and Tessio to the police unless he received a cut of their illegal profits. During an Italian festival, Vito trails Fanucci from the rooftops as Fanucci walks home. He ambushes and fatally shoots Fanucci outside his apartment. Vito then takes over the neighborhood, treating it more respectfully than Fanucci.

Vito, along with Genco, starts an olive oil importing business, Genco Pura (simply known as Genco Olive Oil in the films). It eventually becomes the main legal front for Vito's growing organized crime syndicate. Nevertheless, Genco Pura is highly successful and becomes the nation's largest olive oil importing company. Between Genco Pura and his illegal operations, Vito becomes a wealthy man. In 1923, he returns to Sicily for the first time since fleeing as a child. He and his partner Don Tommasino systematically eliminate Don Ciccio's men that were involved in murdering Vito's family. Vito arranges a meeting with the aging Don Ciccio, during which Vito carves open his stomach, thus avenging his family.

By the early 1930s, Vito has organized his criminal operations as the Corleone crime family, the most powerful in the nation. Abbandando is the consigliere, and Clemenza and Tessio are caporegimes. Later, Vito's oldest son Sonny becomes a capo, and eventually Vito's heir apparent and de facto underboss. Vito, however, harbors doubts regarding Sonny's abilities to be a Don, considering him too rash and violent. Around 1939, Vito moves his home and base of operations to Long Beach, New York on Long Island.

Main character arc[edit]

In 1945, heroin trafficker Virgil Sollozzo asks Vito to invest in his operation. Sollozzo is backed by the rival Tattaglia family, and wants Vito's political influence and legal protection. Vito declines, believing the politicians and judges on his payroll would object to him engaging in drug trafficking. During the meeting, Sonny Corleone expresses interest in the deal; after the meeting, Vito chastises his son for letting an outsider know what he was thinking. Around Christmas, as Vito crosses a street to buy oranges from a vendor, Sollozzo's hitmen emerge with guns drawn. Vito sprints for his Cadillac, but is shot five times. His son, Fredo, fumbles his gun and is unable to return fire as the assassins escape.

Vito survives, and Sollozzo makes a second assassination attempt at the hospial. Mark McCluskey — a corrupt police captain on Sollozzo's payroll — has removed the Don's bodyguards, leaving him unprotected. However, Michael arrives minutes before the imminent attack. Realizing his father is in danger, Michael and a nurse move Vito to another room, then he and an ally stand outside the hospital, posing as guards. Michael, who never wanted to join the "family business", reaffirms his loyalty at Vito's bedside.

While Vito recuperates, Sonny serves as acting head of the family. Michael, knowing his father will never be safe while Sollozzo lives, convinces Sonny that he can murder Sollozzo and McCluskey. Sonny is initially reluctant, as he is well aware that Mafia rules forbid killing policemen. However, Sonny approves the plan after Michael argues that McCluskey has crossed into their world by serving as Sollozzo's bodyguard. Michael kills both men and is smuggled to Sicily under Don Tomassino's protection. Sollozzo's and McCluskey's deaths ignite a war between the Corleone and the Tattaglia Families, with the other New York Families backing the latter. After Sonny is killed by the Tattaglias, Vito resumes control and brokers a peace accord among the Families, during which he realizes that Don Emilio Barzini was the brains behind Sollozzo and the Tattaglia Family.

Michael safely returns home, and becomes Vito's heir apparent — a role Vito never wanted his favorite son to assume. Michael marries his longtime girlfriend Kay Adams, and Vito semi-retires, making Michael the operating head of the family. Vito becomes his informal consigliere, displacing Tom Hagen, who has been demoted to family lawyer. Michael persuades Vito that it is time to remove the family from the Mafia. At the same time, Michael and Vito secretly make plans to slaughter the other New York Dons. Michael sends Hagen to Las Vegas to lay the groundwork for the Corleone family's move there. Clemenza and Tessio are granted permission to form their own New York families after the Corleone move to Las Vegas is complete. Rocco Lampone, a top soldier in the Clemenza regime who is serving as one of Michael's bodyguards, is promoted to capo, while Michael's other bodyguard, Al Neri, is slated for promotion to capo as well.

Vito dies of a heart attack while playing with his grandson Anthony in his garden. Vito's funeral is a grand affair, with all the other New York dons, capos and consiglieres attending.

Shortly before his death, Vito warned Michael that Barzini would set Michael up to be killed under the guise of a meeting; Barzini would use one of the Corleone Family's most trusted members as an intermediary. Whoever approached Michael was the traitor. At the funeral, Tessio inadvertently reveals that he is the traitor when he tells Michael that Barzini wants a meeting and that he can set up it on his territory in Brooklyn, where Michael would be "safe". Shortly after, Michael carries out his and Vito's plan to execute the other New York Dons. Tessio and Connie's abusive husband, Carlo Rizzi, are also murdered for conspiring with Barzini. In a last demonstration of Vito's cunning, the Barzini-Tattaglia alliance had been allowed to whittle away the Corleone interests so they would appear weak.

Sequel novels[edit]

Vito is a supporting character in The Godfather Returns, Mark Winegardner's 2004 sequel to Puzo's novel, and a major one in The Family Corleone, a 2012 novel by Ed Falco. Both novels portray his rise to power in the 1920s and 1930s, as well as his early relationships with his wife and children.

Family[edit]

Main article: Corleone family

Portrayals and influences[edit]

In The Godfather, Don Vito Corleone was portrayed by Marlon Brando. He was portrayed as a younger man in The Godfather Part II by Robert De Niro. Both performances won Academy AwardsBest Actor for Brando, Best Supporting Actor for De Niro. Vito Corleone is the only motion picture character played by two different actors, to be awarded an Oscar for the portrayals. Brando declined his Oscar, having Sacheen Littlefeather state his reasons during the awards show.

The character has also had a major influence on entertainment, most notably: the movie The Freshman, where Marlon Brando's character is almost a parody of Corleone; the Only Fools and Horses episode "Miami Twice", where the primary antagonist is Don Vincenzo "Vinny the Chain" Ochetti, another parody of Corleone; and the comic book mini-series, Batman: Year One and Batman: The Long Halloween, where the character Carmine Falcone is loosely based on Vito Corleone. In Goodfeathers, which was a segment of the TV show Animaniacs, there was a character called the Godpigeon, who was an animated parody of Vito (especially in terms of his voice). The segment also parodied, as the title suggests, Goodfellas. Vito Corleone is based on a composite of mid-20th century New York Mafia figures, chief among them Frank Costello. Brando apparently used tapes of Costello from the Kefauver hearings as the basis for the character's accent.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "100 Greatest Movie Characters of All Time". Filmsite.org. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 
  2. ^ "The 100 Greatest Movie Characters| 10. Vito Corleone | Empire". www. empireonline.com. 2006-12-05. Retrieved 2012-02-27. 
Preceded by
None

Seized control of NYC crime family after murder of Don Fanucci

Head of the Corleone crime family
The Godfather

ca. 1920–1945
Succeeded by
Sonny Corleone (acting)
Preceded by
Sonny Corleone (acting)
Head of the Corleone crime family
The Godfather

ca. 1946–1955
Succeeded by
Michael Corleone