|Born||Mario Francis Puzo|
October 15, 1920
New York City, New York, U.S.
|Died||July 2, 1999 (aged 78)|
West Bay Shore, New York, U.S.
|Pen name||Mario Cleri|
|Notable works||The Godfather (1969)|
(m. 1946; died 1978)
Mario Francis Puzo (//; Italian: [ˈmaːrjo ˈputtso, -ddzo]; October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author and screenwriter. He wrote crime novels about the Italian-American Mafia and Sicilian Mafia, most notably The Godfather (1969), which he later co-adapted into a film trilogy directed by Francis Ford Coppola. He received the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay for the first film in 1972 and for Part II in 1974. Puzo also wrote the original screenplay for the 1978 Superman film and its 1980 sequel. His final novel, The Family, was released posthumously in 2001.
Puzo was born in the Hell's Kitchen section of New York City to Italian immigrants from Pietradefusi, Province of Avellino, Campania. When Puzo was 12, his father, who worked as a trackman for the New York Central Railroad, was committed to the Pilgrim State Hospital insane asylum for schizophrenia, and his wife, Maria, was left to raise their seven children. He served in the US Army Air Forces in Germany in World War II, and later graduated from the City College of New York. Puzo married a German woman, Erika, with whom he had five children. When Erika died of breast cancer at the age of 58 in 1978, her nurse, Carol Gino, became Puzo's companion.
In 1960, Bruce Jay Friedman hired Puzo as an assistant editor of a group of men's pulp magazines with titles such as Male, Men. Under the pen name Mario Cleri, Puzo wrote World War II adventure features for magazine True Action.
In 1969, Puzo's best-known work, The Godfather, was published. Puzo stated that this story came from research into organized crime, not from personal experience, and that he was looking to write something that would appeal to the masses. The novel remained on The New York Times Best Seller list for 67 weeks and sold over nine million copies in two years. The book was later developed into the film The Godfather (1972), directed by Francis Ford Coppola. Paramount Pictures originally found out about Puzo's novel in 1967 when a literary scout for the company contacted then Paramount Vice President of Production Peter Bart about Puzo's unfinished sixty-page manuscript. Bart believed the work was "much beyond a Mafia story" and offered Puzo a $12,500 option for the work, with an option for $80,000 if the finished work were made into a film. Despite Puzo's agent telling him to turn down the offer, Puzo was desperate for money and accepted the deal. Paramount's Robert Evans relates that, when they met in early 1968, he offered Puzo the $12,500 deal for the 60-page manuscript titled Mafia after the author confided in him that he urgently needed $10,000 to pay off gambling debts. The film received three awards of the 11 Oscar category nominations, including Puzo's Oscar for Best Adapted Screenplay.
Coppola and Puzo then collaborated on sequels to the original film, The Godfather Part II (1974) and The Godfather Part III (1990). Coppola and Puzo preferred the title The Death of Michael Corleone for the third film, but Paramount Pictures found that unacceptable. In September 2020, for the film's 30th anniversary, it was announced that a new cut of the film titled Mario Puzo's The Godfather, Coda: The Death of Michael Corleone would have a limited theatrical release in December 2020 followed by digital and Blu-ray. Coppola said the film is the version he and Puzo had originally envisioned, and it "vindicates" its status among the trilogy.
In mid-1972, Puzo wrote the first draft of the script for the 1974 disaster film Earthquake, but he was unable to continue work because of his prior commitment to The Godfather Part II. Work continued on the script without his involvement, with writer George Fox (working on his first, and only, motion picture screenplay) and producer / director Mark Robson, who remained uncredited as a writer. Puzo retained screen credit in the completed film as a result of a quickly-settled lawsuit over story credit (most elements from his first draft made it into the final film), and Puzo's name subsequently featured heavily in the advertising. Puzo also wrote the original screenplay for Richard Donner's Superman, which then also included the plot for Superman II, as they were originally written as one film. He also collaborated on the stories for the 1982 film A Time to Die and the 1984 Francis Ford Coppola film The Cotton Club.
Puzo never saw the publication of his penultimate book, Omertà, but the manuscript was finished before his death, as was the manuscript for The Family. However, in a review originally published in the San Francisco Chronicle, Jules Siegel, who had worked closely with Puzo at Magazine Management Company, speculated that Omertà may have been completed by "some talentless hack". Siegel also acknowledged the temptation to "rationalize avoiding what is probably the correct analysis — that [Puzo] wrote it and it is terrible".
In popular culture
In April 2022, Paramount+ began streaming The Offer, a 10-episode dramatic mini-series telling a fictionalized story of the making of The Godfather, including Puzo's decision to write the first book in what came to be a series. Patrick Gallo plays Puzo. Victoria Kelleher plays his wife, Erika.
- The Dark Arena (1955)
- The Fortunate Pilgrim (1965)
- The Runaway Summer of Davie Shaw (1966)
- Six Graves to Munich (1967), as Mario Cleri
- Fools Die (1978)
- The Fourth K (1990)
- The Last Don (1996)
- Omertà (2000)
- The Family (2001) (completed by Puzo's longtime girlfriend Carol Gino)
- The Godfather (1969)
- The Sicilian (1984) - takes place between the 6th and the 7th books of The Godfather
- "Test Yourself: Are You Heading for a Nervous Breakdown?" as Mario Cleri (1965)
- "Choosing a Dream: Italians in Hell's Kitchen" (1971)
- The Godfather Papers and Other Confessions (1972)
- Inside Las Vegas (1977)
All short stories, except "The Last Christmas" and "First Sundays", were written under the pseudonym Mario Cleri.
- "The Last Christmas" (1950)
- "John 'Red' Marston's Island of Delight" (1964)
- "Big Mike's Wild Young Sister-in-law" (1964)
- "The Six Million Killer Sharks That Terrorize Our Shores" (1966)
- “Saigon Nymph Who Led the Green Berets to the Cong's Terror Headquarters” (1966)
- "Trapped Girls in the Riviera's Flesh Casino" (1967)
- "The Unkillable Six" (1967)
- "First Sundays" (1968)
- "Girls of Pleasure Penthouse" (1968)
- "Order Lucy For Tonight" (1968)
- "12 Barracks of Wild Blondes" (1968)
- "Charlie Reese's Amazing Escape from a Russian Death Camp" (1969)
- The Godfather (1972)
- Earthquake (1974 - August, 1972 script draft only)
- The Godfather Part II (1974)
- Superman (1978)
- Superman II (1980)
- The Cotton Club (1984 - story only)
- The Godfather Part III (1990)
- Christopher Columbus: The Discovery (1992)
- Superman II: The Richard Donner Cut (2006)
- The Godfather, Coda: The Death of Michael Corleone (2020)
Video game adaptations
- Sharp, Michael D. (2006). Popular Contemporary Writers. Marshall Cavendish. p. 1141. ISBN 9780761476092.
- Homberger, Eric (July 5, 1999). "Mario Puzo: The author of the Godfather, the book the Mafia loved", The Guardian. Accessed August 10, 2009.
- "Mario Puzo at 100". independent.co.uk. October 15, 2020.
- "Mario Puzo, Author Who Made 'The Godfather' a World Addiction, Is Dead at 78". The New York Times. July 3, 1999.
- Paglia, Camille (May 8, 1997). "It All Comes Back To Family". The New York Times.
- "Two new exhibits at the Heckscher Museum of Art". theislandnow.com. August 12, 2019.
- Flamm, Matthew (June 2, 2002). "A Demimonde in Twilight", New York Times. Accessed March 15, 2009.
- Larry King Live on CNN (August 2, 1996). "Mario Puzo Interview" transcript. Accessed September 2, 2014 – via MarioPuzo.com.
- ""The Godfather" Turns 40". CBS News. CBS Interactive Inc. March 15, 2012. Archived from the original on July 17, 2014. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- Jones 2007, p. 10. sfn error: no target: CITEREFJones2007 (help)
- Lebo 2005, p. 6. sfn error: no target: CITEREFLebo2005 (help)
- Phillips 2004, p. 88. sfn error: no target: CITEREFPhillips2004 (help)
- "'The Godfather: Part III' makes a little more sense in the streaming era". sfchronicle.com. December 26, 2019. Archived from the original on December 27, 2019. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
- "Adam Beach's 'Monkey Beach' to Open Hybrid Vancouver Film Fest". hollywoodreporter.com. September 3, 2020.
- Ryan Parker (December 3, 2020). "Francis Ford Coppola Says 'Godfather: Part III' Recut Vindicates Film, Daughter Sofia". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 3, 2020.
- "Mario Puzo", in "Obituaries", in Newsmakers: The People Behind Today's Headlines, 2000, Issue 1, Farmington Hills, MI: Gale.
- Siegel, Jules (July 9, 2000). "The computer wrote it". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 10, 2015 – via Book@arts.
- ""The Flight Attendant" Victoria Kelleher On Working With Kaley Cuoco And "The Offer" – New Scene Magazine". newscenemagazine.com. Retrieved June 1, 2022.
- Moore, M. J. (March 8, 2019). Mario Puzo: An American Writer's Quest. Heliotrope Books LLC. ISBN 9781942762638.
- Gino, Carol (October 15, 2018). Me and Mario: Love, Power & Writing with Mario Puzo, author of The Godfather. Aaha! Books. ISBN 9781936530335.
|Library resources about |
- FreshAir Interview – Audio interview from Fresh Air. Originally broadcast July 25, 1996.
- Mario Puzo at IMDb
- Petri Liukkonen. "Mario Puzo". Books and Writers.
- The Official Mario Puzo Library
- "Saying Goodbye to Mario Puzo", an affectionate recollection of Mario Puzo written by his friend Jules Siegel on being notified of his death.