Dutch general election, 1922

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Azure, billetty Or a lion with a coronet Or armed and langued Gules holding in his dexter paw a sword Argent hilted Or and in the sinister paw seven arrows Argent pointed and bound together Or. [The seven arrows stand for the seven provinces of the Union of Utrecht.] The shield is crowned with the (Dutch) royal crown and supported by two lions Or armed and langued gules. They stand on a scroll Azure with the text (Or) "Je Maintiendrai" (French for "I will maintain".)
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
the Netherlands

General elections were held in the Netherlands on 5 July 1922.[1] They were the first elections held under universal suffrage, which became reality after the acceptance of a proposal by Henri Marchant in 1919 that gave women full voting rights.[2] Almost all major parties had a woman elected. The number of female representatives increased from one to seven. Only the Anti-Revolutionary Party principally excluded women from the House of Representatives. Another amendment to the electoral law increased the electoral threshold from 0.5% to 0.75%,[3] after six parties had won seats with less than 0.75% of the vote in the previous elections.

The General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses remained the largest party, increasing from 30 to 32 seats, whilst the Anti Revolutionary Party increased from 13 to 16 seats, and the Christian Historical Union went from 7 to 11 seats.[4] The right-wing Christian Democratic Party and the Christian Social Party both lost their sole seats, disappearing from the House, while the Reformed Political Party (SGP) managed to win a seat. The SGP, an orthodox Protestant party established in 1918, was opposed to the co-operation of the Protestant ARP and CHU with the Catholics.

The Social Democratic Workers' Party lost two seats,[4] whilst left-wing splinter parties also suffered losses, and went from four to two seats.

Several liberal groups had merged in 1921 to form the Liberal State Party, but lost further seats as they were reduced from fifteen to only ten. However, a new Liberal Party led by the 85-year-old Samuel van Houten, won a seat. Van Houten himself did not take the seat, which was instead occupied by his representative, Lizzy van Dorp.

The Free-thinking Democratic League maintained, against most expectations, their five seats, whilst of the remaining splinter parties, only the Peasants' League was able to survive, rising from one to two seats.

After a relatively short formation, the second Ruijs de Beerenbrouck cabinet was formed, with largely the same composition as the previous one.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
General League of Roman Catholic Caucuses 874,745 29.9 32 +2
Social Democratic Workers' Party 567,769 19.4 20 –2
Anti-Revolutionary Party 402,277 13.7 16 +3
Christian Historical Union 318,669 10.9 11 +4
Liberal State Party 271,358 9.3 10 New
Free-thinking Democratic League 134,595 4.6 5 0
Communist Party Holland 53,664 1.8 2 0
Farmers' League Left 36,668 1.3 2 +1
Reformed Political Party 26,744 0.9 1 +1
Liberal Party 18,124 0.6 1 New
General Dutch Women's Organisation 224,956 7.7 0 New
Austerity League 0 New
Christian Democratic Union 0 New
Christian Social Party 0 –1
Democratic Party 0 New
Braam Group 0 0
Van der Zwaag Group 0 0
Land Party 0 New
Hervormd Gereformeerde Staatspartij 0 New
Homeowners' Party 0 New
Kiesvereniging Algemeen Belang 0 New
Small Middle Class Party 0 New
Artists' Party 0 New
Bleeker List 0 New
Brinkman List 0 New
Busch List 0 New
Coppenolle List 0 New
De Ruiter List 0 New
Groenendaal List 0 New
Schouten List 0 New
Van der Werf List 0 New
Verweij List 0 New
Doctor Lists 0 New
Dutch League for Taxpayers 0 New
Middle Class Neutral Bloc 0 New
New Catholic Party 0 New
Independent Party 0 New
Party for Pension Interests 0 New
Patricians' League 0 New
Farmers' League Right 0 0
Protestant People's Party 0 New
Rural Party 0 New
Rapaille Partij 0 New
Revolutionary Party 0 New
Socialist Party 0 –1
Patriotic Party 0 New
People's Welfare Party 0 0
Free-thinkers Free Middle Class Party 0 New
Invalid/blank votes
Total 2,929,569 100 100 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,299,672
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular Vote
RKSP
  
29.86%
SDAP
  
19.38%
ARP
  
13.73%
CHU
  
10.88%
VB
  
9.26%
VDB
  
4.59%
CPH
  
1.83%
PB
  
1.56%
LG
  
0.96%
SGP
  
0.91%
CDP
  
0.71%
HGSP
  
0.70%
Other
  
5.62%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1395 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ 1922 parliamentary election campaign University of Gronigen
  3. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p1385
  4. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p1412