Dyce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Dyce
Dyce is located in Aberdeen
Dyce
Dyce
Location within the City of Aberdeen
Population5,811 [1]
LanguageEnglish
Scots (Doric)
OS grid referenceNJ885125
• Edinburgh99 mi (159 km)[2]
• London408 mi (657 km)[2]
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townAberdeen
Postcode districtAB21
Dialling code01224
PoliceScottish
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
Websiteaberdeencity.gov.uk
List of places
UK
Scotland
Aberdeen
57°12′11″N 2°11′31″W / 57.2031°N 2.1920°W / 57.2031; -2.1920Coordinates: 57°12′11″N 2°11′31″W / 57.2031°N 2.1920°W / 57.2031; -2.1920

Dyce (Scottish Gaelic: Deis) is an area of the city of Aberdeen, Scotland, about 6 miles (9.7 km) north west of Aberdeen city centre, and best known as the location of the city's airport. It is on the River Don.

History[edit]

Dyce is the site of an early medieval church dedicated to the 8th century missionary and bishop Saint Fergus, otherwise associated with Glamis, Angus. Today the cemetery, north of the airport, and overlooking the River Don, hosts the roofless but otherwise virtually complete former St. Fergus Chapel, within which Pictish and early Christian stones from the 7th–9th centuries, found in or around the churchyard, are displayed (Historic Scotland; open at all times without entrance charge).

The Chapel is a unicameral late medieval building with alterations perhaps of the 17th or 18th centuries. Two further carved stones, of uncertain (though probably early) character, were discovered re-used as building rubble in the inner east gable and outer south wall during the chapel's restoration. They were left in situ and are readily visible. A broken font, somewhat resembling a round-backed chair in its present condition, lies outside the church, and may also be of early medieval date.

The graveyard surrounding the old church was used into the 20th century, and retains almost no old gravestones. There is a small 'mort house'[clarification needed] in one corner of the enclosure, which is adjoined by a modern extension, still in use for burials. During World War I conscientious objectors laboured at Dyce Work Camp at Dyce Quarries.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Dyce-Aberdeen (ABZ)[a], elevation: 65 m or 213 ft, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1960–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.2
(63.0)
17.2
(63.0)
21.6
(70.9)
23.7
(74.7)
24.4
(75.9)
26.7
(80.1)
29.8
(85.6)
29.7
(85.5)
26.0
(78.8)
22.1
(71.8)
18.8
(65.8)
15.1
(59.2)
29.8
(85.6)
Average high °C (°F) 6.5
(43.7)
6.8
(44.2)
8.8
(47.8)
10.9
(51.6)
13.6
(56.5)
16.1
(61.0)
18.5
(65.3)
18.3
(64.9)
15.8
(60.4)
12.4
(54.3)
8.9
(48.0)
6.6
(43.9)
12.0
(53.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
3.8
(38.8)
5.4
(41.7)
7.2
(45.0)
9.7
(49.5)
12.4
(54.3)
14.7
(58.5)
14.4
(57.9)
12.2
(54.0)
9.2
(48.6)
5.9
(42.6)
3.7
(38.7)
8.5
(47.3)
Average low °C (°F) 0.6
(33.1)
0.8
(33.4)
1.9
(35.4)
3.4
(38.1)
5.7
(42.3)
8.6
(47.5)
10.8
(51.4)
10.5
(50.9)
8.6
(47.5)
5.9
(42.6)
2.9
(37.2)
0.7
(33.3)
5.1
(41.2)
Record low °C (°F) −19.3
(−2.7)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−15.8
(3.6)
−6.8
(19.8)
−4.2
(24.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
0.1
(32.2)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
−15.6
(3.9)
−18.1
(−0.6)
−19.3
(−2.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.6
(2.66)
55.1
(2.17)
59.8
(2.35)
58.8
(2.31)
56.9
(2.24)
61.2
(2.41)
61.6
(2.43)
60.5
(2.38)
67.9
(2.67)
96.2
(3.79)
93.3
(3.67)
76.1
(3.00)
814.9
(32.08)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 12.3 10.5 11.6 10.8 10.6 10.4 11.4 10.7 10.5 13.6 13.8 12.3 138.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.3 81.3 121.8 149.4 199.4 166.4 165.3 157.8 123.7 99.8 66.2 46.1 1,435.7
Source #1: Met Office[3]
Source #2: KNMI[4]
  1. ^ Weather station is located 6 miles (10 km) from the Aberdeen city centre.
  2. ^ Weather station is located 6 miles (10 km) from the Aberdeen city centre.

Economy[edit]

BMI Regional has its corporate head office at Aberdeen Airport East in Dyce.[6] Halliburton has an office in Dyce.[7]

Dyce has one main shopping centre which is mainly an Asda store, with a Boots chemist, a hairdresser, an optometrist and several empty units.[citation needed]

Oil[edit]

Aker Solutions, the Norway-based oilfield services giant, runs its UK operations from Dyce, at the Aberdeen International Business Park. The North Sea headquarters of BP are located at the Farburn Industrial Estate.[8]

Prince Charles visited Dyce on 3 September 1992 to BP to officially inaugurate the Miller oilfield; he later met people with the Prince's Scottish Youth Business Trust (now called Youth Business Scotland).

BPPD (BP Petroleum Development) offices seen from the air in November 1981

Transport[edit]

Aberdeen Airport is located in Dyce.

Dyce railway station is served by Abellio ScotRail trains on the Aberdeen to Inverness Line.

There is an old railway line running from Dyce northwards past Newmachar which is now a path for pedestrians and cyclists and is the start of the Formatine and Buchan Way cycle route.[9]

When complete the Aberdeen Bypass, will circle west and north of the suburb. The Dyce junction is scheduled for completion in Autumn 2016.[10]

BP (British Petroleum) offices in 1985; all of BP's UK fields are operated from here, and the Queen, Duke of Edinburgh, Harold Wilson (Prime Minister) and Prince Andrew came to the BP offices on 3 November 1975 to switch on the supply of oil from the BP Forties Oil Field - the oil came inland at Cruden Bay, and ended up 130 miles away at Grangemouth Refinery. Development of the field had cost around £750m. Britain would become self-sufficient in oil by 1980. The next main field to come ashore was from the Auk oilfield .

Education[edit]

The local secondary school, Dyce Academy, has about 500 pupils. There is also a primary school, Dyce Primary School. Dyce is also the location for the Cordyce School, a secondary school serving pupils who require additional support.[11]

Parks and recreation[edit]

The area of Aberdeen has sports facilities including the local junior football team Dyce F.C who currently play in the Scottish Junior Football Association North Region and the cricket team. Dyce also have an amateur football team, currently named Dyce ITC Hydraulics in honour of its sponsors ITC Hydarulics also of Dyce. Dyce ITC currently play in the Aberdeenshire Amateur Association Premier League and play their home games at Pitmedden Road in Dyce.

Dyce (Aberdeen) Amateur Swimming Club (Est 1977), which runs its own Swim School for those wishing to learn to swim, is based at the Dyce Academy swimming pool. The Club and Swim School are both affiliated to the Scottish Amateur Swimming Association to help swimmers compete up to North District and Scottish National Level.

People From Dyce[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1] 2009:Population of Aberdeen's Neighbourhoods
  2. ^ a b Indo.com. "How Far Is It?". Retrieved 13 March 2007.
  3. ^ "Aberdeen Airport 1981–2010 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Indices Data - Aberdeen Dyce Station 1825". KNMI. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Aberdeen-Dyce (03091) - WMO Weather Station". NOAA. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  6. ^ "General Conditions of Carriage Archived 30 December 2011 at the Wayback Machine." British Midland International. Retrieved on 28 December 2011. "British Midland Regional Ltd Registered Office Aberdeen Airport East Wellheads Drive Dyce Aberdeen AB21 7EU"
  7. ^ "Office Location." Halliburton. Retrieved on 13 January 2009.
  8. ^ http://www.bp.com/en_gb/united-kingdom/contact.html
  9. ^ http://www.cyclegrampian.co.uk/trail/formartineway.html
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 January 2016. Retrieved 12 May 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ http://cordyce.aberdeen.sch.uk/wp/