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Ein Dor's water tower.
|Founded by||Hashomer Hatzair|
Ein Dor (Hebrew: עֵין דּוֹר, lit. "Spring of a Generation") is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located in the Lower Galilee, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 986.
The kibbutz is named for Endor, a village mentioned in the Bible - an accordance with the common Zionist practice of bestowing Biblical names on modern communities and towns. After the death of the prophet Samuel, King Saul comes to Endor to meet a woman medium (the Witch of Endor) who helps him to contact the spirit of Samuel. The prophecy he receives is that his army will be vanquished and that he and his sons would die in battle. (Samuel 28:3-19). However, it is by no means certain that the kibbutz's location is anywhere near to where the Biblical village stood. An archeological museum located close to the main dining hall includes prehistoric findings from the kibbutz area.
Ein Dor was founded in 1948 by members of the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement. The founders were from Israel, Hungary, Canada and the United States, and were joined later by members from South America.
In 2003 members voted to privatise the kibbutz. This meant moving the ideological approach of the kibbutz away from its original socialist principles of equality, collectivism and the Marxist ideal of "From each according to his ability, to each according to his need", which the kibbutz started up with. Instead, Ein Dor now holds mostly capitalist ideals, such as profit motivation and private ownership, and social equality now generally takes a back seat to improving the financial standing of the average person.
The kibbutz's main source of income is the Teldor Cables and Wires factory. Other sources include agriculture, a pet clinic for injured dogs and cats in need of treatment (closed in 2009 due to lack of funding), Dorli, the Refet (dairy) and the Stables, which houses several horses.