|Founded by||Eastern European immigrants|
During the Ottoman era a Muslim village called Ikhneifis (properly Khanâfis, meaning “beetles”) stood at the site of present Sarid. Kneffis, and the neighbouring towns and villages of Nazareth, Mejdal, Yafa, Jebatha and Ma'alul, paid taxes to the monks of Nazareth, who bought the right to collect these taxes from the Ottoman authorities in 1777 for two hundred dollars. Thirty years later, they again purchased this right, though this time for two thousands five hundred dollars, owing to the rise in the price of cereals and ground rents. A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place, named as Karm Ennefiiceh.
In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) found at Ikhneifis the "ruin of a tower built by Daher el-Omar about a century ago (1162 A.H.)." Gottlieb Schumacher, as part of surveying for the construction of the Jezreel Valley railway, noted in 1900 that Ikhneifis was a “flourishing village”, consisting of 52 huts and 230 inhabitants, and that the place was the property of the Sursocks, of Beirut.
British Mandate era
The kibbutz was established by immigrants from Czechoslovakia, Poland and Russia in 1926, on lands purchased from the village of Khuneifis. The land was sold by the Sursock family, its absentee landlords.
In the 1950s the kibbutz established Camel Grinding Wheels (CGW), which now has three plants for the manufacture of cutting discs, grinding wheels and coated abrasives.One of the more profitable branches was the kibbutz dairy.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 146
- De Haas, 1934, p. 361
- Karmon, 1960, p. 167.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 54
- Schumacher, 1900, p. 358
- Dayan called the Arab village for Haneifs. Cited in Rogan and Shlaim, 2001, p. 207
- Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
- Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 50
- Stein, 1987, p. 60
- 9,000 Dunams in Kneifis, with 60 families living there, according to List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
- Grootkerk, 2000, p. 280
- Mills, 1932, p. 76
- Hebrew book review. Institute for the Translation of Hebrew Literature. 1965. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
- Natan Peled, Knesset
- Shlomo Rosen, Knesset
- About Kibbutz Sarid
- Stress, Culture, and Community: The Psychology and Philosophy of Stress, S.E. Hobfoll
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sarid.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, Herbert H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- De Haas, Jacob (1934). History of Palestine - The Last Two Thousand Years. Macmillan.
- Grootkerk, Salomon E. (2000). Ancient sites in Galilee: a toponymic gazetteer (Illustrated ed.). BRILL. ISBN 978-90-04-11535-4.
- Karmon, Y. (1960). "An Analysis of Jacotin's Map of Palestine" (PDF). Israel Exploration Journal 10 (3,4): 155–173; 244–253.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Rogan, Eugene L.; Shlaim, Avi (2001). The War for Palestine: Rewriting the History of 1948. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-79476-5.
- Stein, Kenneth W. E. (1987). The Land Question in Palestine, 1917-1939 (Illustrated ed.). UNC Press Books. ISBN 0-807-84178-1.
- Schumacher, G. (1900). "Reports from Galilee". Quarterly statement - Palestine Exploration Fund 32: 355–360.
- Kibbutz website (Hebrew)
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 8: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Khnefis, from Dr. Moslih Kanaaneh