Sarid

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Sarid
PikiWiki Israel 7121 Children near the two stores house.jpg
Sarid is located in Jezreel Valley region of Israel
Sarid
Sarid
Coordinates: 32°39′47″N 35°13′33″E / 32.66306°N 35.22583°E / 32.66306; 35.22583Coordinates: 32°39′47″N 35°13′33″E / 32.66306°N 35.22583°E / 32.66306; 35.22583
District Northern
Council Jezreel Valley
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1926
Founded by Eastern European immigrants
Population (2016)[1] 868
Website www.sarid.org.il

Sarid (Hebrew: שָׂרִיד‬) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located near Migdal HaEmek, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2016 it had a population of 868.[1]

History[edit]

Ottoman-era village of Khanâfis[edit]

During the Ottoman era a Muslim village called Ikhneifis (also Khanâfis and other versions), meaning "beetles", stood at the site of present Sarid.[2] Kneffis, and the neighbouring towns and villages of Nazareth, Mejdal, Yafa, Jebatha and Ma'alul, paid taxes to the monks of Nazareth, who bought the right to collect these taxes from the Ottoman authorities in 1777 for two hundred dollars. Thirty years later, they again purchased this right, though this time for two thousands five hundred dollars, owing to the rise in the price of cereals and ground rents.[3] A map from Napoleon's invasion of 1799 by Pierre Jacotin showed the place, named as Karm Ennefiiceh.[4]

In 1838, Ukhneifis or Khuneifis was noted as a village in the Nazareth District.[5][6]

In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) found at Ikhneifis the "ruin of a tower built by Daher el-Omar about a century ago (1162 A.H.)."[7] A population list from about 1887 showed that Ikhneifis had about 40 Muslim inhabitants.[8] Gottlieb Schumacher, as part of surveying for the construction of the Jezreel Valley railway, noted in 1900 that Ikhneifis was a “flourishing village”, consisting of 52 huts and 230 inhabitants, and that the place was the property of the Sursocks, of Beirut.[9]

Moshe Dayan mentioned it as an example of "there is not one place built in this country which did not have a former Arab population".[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

The Arab village[edit]

At the time of the 1922 census of Palestine "Ikhnaifes" had a population of 39, 38 Muslims and 1 Orthodox Christian.[11][12]

The kibbutz[edit]

The kibbutz was established by immigrants from Czechoslovakia, Poland and Russia in 1926, on lands purchased from the village of Khuneifis. The land was sold by the Sursock family, its absentee landlords.[13][14][15] The name was taken from the biblical city of Sarid, situated in the southern part of the tribe of Zebulun (Joshua 19:10). The ancient city is thought to be located in nearby Tel Shadud.[16] By the 1931 census, Sarid had a population of 69, 3 Muslims and 65 Jews, in 9 houses.[17]

Economy[edit]

In the 1950s the kibbutz established Camel Grinding Wheels (CGW), which now has three plants for the manufacture of cutting discs, grinding wheels and coated abrasives.[18] One of the more profitable branches was the kibbutz dairy.[19]

Notable residents[edit]

The poets Natan Yonatan[20] and Pinchas Sadeh[21] and the politicians Natan Peled[22] and Shlomo Rosen[23] were members of the kibbutz. The later Austrian president Heinz Fischer spent a voluntary year (1963) in the kibbutz.[24]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 146
  3. ^ De Haas, 1934, p. 361
  4. ^ Karmon, 1960, p. 167.
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 132
  6. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 167
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 54
  8. ^ Schumacher, 1888, p. 184
  9. ^ Schumacher, 1900, p. 358
  10. ^ Dayan called the Arab village "Haneifs". Cited in Rogan and Shlaim, 2001, p. 207
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Nazareth, p. 38
  12. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XVI, p. 50
  13. ^ Stein, 1987, p. 60
  14. ^ 9,000 dunams in Kneifis, with 60 families living there, according to List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930
  15. ^ Grootkerk, 2000, p. 280
  16. ^ [1]
  17. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 76
  18. ^ About Kibbutz Sarid
  19. ^ Stress, Culture, and Community: The Psychology and Philosophy of Stress, S.E. Hobfoll
  20. ^ [2]
  21. ^ Hebrew book review. Institute for the Translation of Hebrew Literature. 1965. Retrieved July 29, 2011. 
  22. ^ Natan Peled, Knesset
  23. ^ Shlomo Rosen, Knesset
  24. ^ "Austrian president vows to bring up Schalit case with Assad - Middle East". [permanent dead link]

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]