Energy in Yemen

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Oil drilling in Yemen

Energy in Yemen describes energy and electricity production, consumption and import in Yemen. Energy policy of Yemen will describe the politics of Yemen related to energy more in detail. Yemen n is net energy exporter.

Primary energy use in Yemen was 87 TWh and 4 TWh/million people in 2008 and 88 TWh (4 TWh/M) in 2009.[1]


According to the World Bank, Yemen has the lowest level of electricity connection in the Middle East, with only 40% of the population having access to electricity. Rural areas are particularly badly affected. Industrial concerns, hospitals and hotels have their own back-up generators. To address these shortages, a 340-mW gas-fired power plant is currently under construction-and close to completion-at Marib. Further expansion to the facility, which will add an additional 400 mW of output, is already planned. Yemen has received considerable support for the development of its power generation network in recent years, with contributions coming from Saudi Arabia, France, the US, as well as multilateral donors such as the World Bank. Consequently, a National Rural Electrification Program is now in place and the construction of three substations, along with the necessary transmission lines, is currently under way. Yemen is also looking into the development of wind power, although plans for the construction of a nuclear power generating facility have been shelved. Electrical production is 5.665 billion kWh (2007 estimate). Electrical consumption is about 4.133 billion kWh.[2]

Energy in Yemen[3]
Capita Prim. energy Production Export Electricity CO2-emission
Million TWh TWh TWh TWh Mt
2004 20.33 74 240 153 3.36 17.26
2007 22.38 84 192 102 4.50 20.55
2008 23.05 87 177 92 5.04 21.93
2009 23.58 88 177 93 5.11 22.18
2010 24.05 83 230 139 5.98 21.65
Change 2004-10 18.3% 12.6% -4.1 % -9.1 % 78% 25%
Mtoe = 11.63 TWh, Prim. energy includes energy losses.

Yemen population increased 16.0% in five years 2004-2009. According to OECD/World Bank population growth in Yemen was from 20 million to 24 million in 6 years (2004-2010).[3]


Yemen LNG (YLNG) is the first Liquefied natural gas (LNG) project in Yemen.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ IEA Key energy statistics 2010 and 2011 Page: Country specific indicator numbers from page 48
  2. ^ Hadden, Robert Lee. 2012. The Geology of Yemen: An Annotated Bibliography of Yemen's Geology, Geography and Earth Science. Alexandria, VA: US Army Corps of Engineers, Army Geospatial Center. Page 41.
  3. ^ a b IEA Key World Energy Statistics 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2006 IEA October, crude oil p.11, coal p. 13 gas p. 15