Flag of Yemen

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Flag of the Republic of Yemen
UseNational flag and ensign FIAV 111111.svg
AdoptedMay 22, 1990; 29 years ago (1990-05-22)
DesignA horizontal tricolour of red, white and black
Presidential standard of the Republic of Yemen
Variant flag of Yemen
NamePresidential standard
Armed Forces flag of the Republic of Yemen
Variant flag of Yemen
Nameflag of the Armed Forces
Army flag of the Republic of Yemen
Variant flag of Yemen
NameArmy flag
Naval ensign of the Republic of Yemen
Variant flag of Yemen
NameNaval ensign
Air force flag of the Republic of Yemen
Variant flag of Yemen
NameAir force flag

The Flag of Yemen (Arabic: علم اليمن‎) was adopted on May 22, 1990, the day that North Yemen and South Yemen were unified. The flag is essentially the Arab Liberation Flag of 1952, introduced after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 in which Arab nationalism was a dominant theme. The Arab Liberation Flag served as the inspiration for the flags of both North and South Yemen prior to unification, as well as for the current flags of Egypt, Iraq, Sudan, and Syria.[1]

According to the official description, the red stands for unity and the bloodshed of martyrs, the white for a bright future, and the black for the supposed dark past. The flag's design is also similar to that of the flag of the German Empire, albeit inverted. The flag is identical to the flag of Libya from 1969–1972.[1]

Historical flags[edit]

Before Yemen was unified into the present-day Republic of Yemen in 1990, it existed as two states, North and South Yemen.

North Yemen[edit]

After its independence from the Ottoman Empire, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen used a red flag with a sword and stars for most of its existence, from 1927 to 1962. When it became the Yemen Arab Republic in 1962, the flag used the Pan-Arab colors. It used two green stars from September to November of that year, but was then changed to only use one green star in the center of the white band.

South Yemen[edit]

The flag of the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen in the South was the Arab Liberation Flag with a sky-blue chevron with a red star (the emblem of the Yemeni Socialist Party) next to the hoist.

Federation of South Arabia[edit]

Protectorate of South Arabia[edit]

Other flags[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Smith, Whitney (February 16, 2001). "Flag of Yemen". Britannica. Retrieved June 12, 2018.

External links[edit]