Carlos Alvarado Quesada
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Carlos Alvarado Quesada
|48th President of Costa Rica|
|Assumed office |
8 May 2018
|Vice President||Epsy Campbell Barr|
Marvin Rodríguez Cordero
|Preceded by||Luis Guillermo Solís|
|Minister of Labor and Social Security|
29 March 2016 – 19 January 2017
|President||Luis Guillermo Solís|
|Preceded by||Víctor Morales Mora|
|Succeeded by||Alfredo Hasbum Camacho|
|Minister of Human Development and Social Inclusion|
10 July 2014 – 29 March 2016
|President||Luis Guillermo Solís|
|Preceded by||Fernando Marín Rojas|
|Succeeded by||Emilio Arias Rodríguez|
|Born||14 January 1980|
San José, Costa Rica
|Political party||Citizens' Action Party|
|Spouse(s)||Claudia Dobles Camargo (m. 2010)|
|Alma mater||University of Costa Rica|
University of Sussex
Carlos Andrés Alvarado Quesada (Spanish: [ˈkaɾlos albaˈɾaðo keˈsaða] ; born 14 January 1980) is a Costa Rican politician, writer, journalist and political scientist, who is currently serving as the 48th President of Costa Rica. A member of the center-left Citizens' Action Party (PAC), Alvarado was previously Minister of Labor and Social Security during the Presidency of Luis Guillermo Solís.
Alvarado, who was 38 years old at the time of his presidential inauguration, became the youngest serving Costa Rican President since Alfredo González Flores in 1914, then aged 36.
Early life and education
Alvarado has a bachelor's degree in communications and a master's degree in political science from the University of Costa Rica, he also was a Chevening Scholar 2008-09 earning a Master's degree in development studies from the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.
In 2006, Quesada published the anthology of stories Transcripciones Infieles with Perro Azul. That same year he obtained the Young Creation Award of Editorial Costa Rica with the novel La historia de Cornelius Brown. In 2012 he published the historical novel Las Posesiones that portrays the dark historical period in Costa Rica during which the government confiscated the properties of Germans and Italians during World War II.
Early political career
He served as an advisor to the Citizen Action Party's group in the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica in the 2006-2010 period. He was a consultant to the Institute of Development Studies of the United Kingdom in financing SMEs. Department Manager of Dish Care & Air Care (Procter & Gamble Latin America). Director of Communication for the presidential campaign of Luis Guillermo Solís, professor in the School of Sciences of Collective Communication of the University of Costa Rica and in the School of Journalism Of the Universidad Latina de Costa Rica. During the Solís Rivera administration, served as Minister of Human Development and Social Inclusion and Executive President of the Joint Social Welfare Institute, institution charged with combating poverty and giving state aid to the population of scarce resources. After the resignation as minister of Víctor Morales Mora, Alvarado was appointed minister of Labor.
In this portfolio it was noted for reducing the benefits of state collective agreements of the Bank of Costa Rica, JAPDEVA and RECOPE in successful negotiations with the unions. No previous government had negotiated collective bargaining to the downside. During the management of Alvarado a reduction of the time of seven to two months in the procedures of pensions of the teaching profession was achieved. It also managed to renegotiate the wage formula of the private sector in a unanimous agreement among workers, employers and the government, as well as a tripartite agreement among the same sectors to reduce informality, according to International Labour Organization (ILO) recommendation 204. As minister he also promoted the implementation of laws that cut luxury pensions, as well as the Ministry of Labor's defense of these laws before the Constitutional Court after appeals filed by several former deputies. Alvarado guaranteed that the Ministry of Labor will have the budget and the new places for the entry into force of the Labor Procedure Reform in July 2017.
President of Costa Rica
On April 1, 2018 Alvarado won the presidential election (second round) with 61%, defeating Fabricio Alvarado Muñoz. Same-sex marriage was a major issue in the campaign, after a ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights required Costa Rica to recognize such unions. Alvarado Muñoz campaigned against same-sex marriage, while Alvarado Quesada argued to respect the court's ruling. Alvarado Quesada won in a landslide, defying polls that predicted a close election. He was sworn into office on May 8, 2018.
As President, Carlos Alvarado Quesasda has focused his efforts on decarbonizing Costa Rica's economy. He has set a goal for the country to achieve zero net emissions by the year 2050, and is implementing measures to achieve this. Since 40% of the country's greenhouse gas emissions come from transportation, he is focusing his efforts on that sector by building an electric rail-based public transit system for the capital, San José. On 24 February 2019, he launched a plan to fully decarbonize the country's economy, in a ceremony alongside Christiana Figueres, the Costa Rican former UNFCCC head. At this event, he described decarbonization as "the great challenge of our generation," and declared that "Costa Rica must be among the first countries to achieve it, if not the first."
This plan targets the country's electric grid to run on 100% renewable energy by the year 2030; make 70% of buses and taxis run with zero emissions by that same year, and 100% by 2050; and ensure that 60% of the country's landmass is covered by rainforest by 2050.
- Murillo, Álvaro (7 May 2018). "Carlos Alvarado, el presidente atrevido de Costa Rica". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 August 2019.
- "Carlos Alvarado Quesada" (PDF). oecd.org. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
- IDS, University of Sussex and. "IDS alumnus elected President of Costa Rica". The University of Sussex. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
- "La sancarleña que en un mes será la Primera Dama del país". San Carlos Digital. 2018-04-02. Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
- "Carlos Alvarado Quesada". Editorial Cosa Rica. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
- Ruiz, Gerardo (2016, marzo) "Carlos Alvarado, actual presidente del IMAS, es el nuevo ministro de Trabajo". La Nacion. https://www.nacion.com/el-pais/politica/carlos-alvarado-actual-presidente-del-imas-es-el-nuevo-ministro-de-trabajo/ZTDCEYS6XFDEXEQJQBFC4CSZPI/story/
- David Alire Garcia, Enrique Andres Pretel (April 1, 2018). "Costa Rica center-left easily wins presidency in vote fought on gay rights". Reuters.
- Henley, Jon (2018-04-02). "Costa Rica: Carlos Alvarado wins presidency in vote fought on gay rights". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
- "Costa Rica Election Hands Presidency to Governing Party Stalwart". Retrieved 2018-07-03.
- "Costa Rica launches 'unprecedented' push for zero emissions by 2050". Reuters. 2019-02-25. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
- "Costa Rica launches plan to become the world's first decarbonized country". The Climate Group. 2019-02-25. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
- "Costa Rica Commits to Fully Decarbonize by 2050 | UNFCCC". unfccc.int. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carlos Alvarado Quesada.|
- Biography by CIDOB (in Spanish)
Víctor Morales Mora
| Minister of Labor and Social Security
Alfredo Hasbum Camacho
Luis Guillermo Solís
| President of Costa Rica