Carlos Alvarado Quesada

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Carlos Alvarado Quesada
Future Affairs Berlin 2019 - „Digital Revolution Resetting Global Power Politics?“ (47959618541).jpg
48th President of Costa Rica
Assumed office
8 May 2018
Vice PresidentEpsy Campbell Barr
Marvin Rodríguez Cordero
Preceded byLuis Guillermo Solís
Minister of Labor and Social Security
In office
29 March 2016 – 19 January 2017
PresidentLuis Guillermo Solís
Preceded byVíctor Morales Mora
Succeeded byAlfredo Hasbum Camacho
Minister of Human Development and Social Inclusion
In office
10 July 2014 – 29 March 2016
PresidentLuis Guillermo Solís
Preceded byFernando Marín Rojas
Succeeded byEmilio Arias Rodríguez
Personal details
Carlos Andrés Alvarado Quesada[1]

(1980-01-14) 14 January 1980 (age 41)
San José, Costa Rica
Political partyCitizens' Action Party
Spouse(s)Claudia Dobles Camargo (m. 2010)
EducationUniversity of Costa Rica (BA, MA)
University of Sussex (MA)

Carlos Andrés Alvarado Quesada (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈkaɾlos albaˈɾaðo keˈsaða] ; born 14 January 1980) is a Costa Rican politician, writer, journalist and political scientist, who is currently serving as the 48th President of Costa Rica. A member of the center-left Citizens' Action Party (PAC), Alvarado was previously Minister of Labor and Social Security during the Presidency of Luis Guillermo Solís.[2]

Alvarado, who was 38 years old at the time of his presidential inauguration, became the youngest serving Costa Rican President since Alfredo González Flores in 1914, then aged 36.

Early life and education[edit]

Alvarado has a bachelor's degree in communications and a master's degree in political science from the University of Costa Rica. He was also a Chevening Scholar from 2008 to 2009, earning a master's degree in development studies from the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex in Falmer, England.[2][3]


Literary career[edit]

In 2006, Alvarado Quesada published the anthology of stories Transcripciones Infieles with Perro Azul.[4] That same year he obtained the Young Creation Award of Editorial Costa Rica with the novel La historia de Cornelius Brown.[4] In 2012 he published the historical novel Las Posesiones that portrays the dark historical period in Costa Rica during which the government confiscated the properties of Germans and Italians during World War II.[4]

Early political career[edit]

He served as an advisor to the Citizen Action Party's group in the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica in the 2006-2010 period. He was a consultant to the Institute of Development Studies of the United Kingdom in financing SMEs.[2] Department Manager of Dish Care & Air Care (Procter & Gamble Latin America). Director of Communication for the presidential campaign of Luis Guillermo Solís, professor in the School of Sciences of Collective Communication of the University of Costa Rica and in the School of Journalism Of the Universidad Latina de Costa Rica.[2] During the Solís Rivera administration, served as Minister of Human Development and Social Inclusion and Executive President of the Joint Social Welfare Institute, institution charged with combating poverty and giving state aid to the population of scarce resources. After the resignation as minister of Víctor Morales Mora, Alvarado was appointed minister of Labor.[2][5]

In this portfolio it was noted for reducing the benefits of state collective agreements of the Bank of Costa Rica, JAPDEVA and RECOPE in successful negotiations with the unions. No previous government had negotiated collective bargaining to the downside. During the management of Alvarado a reduction of the time of seven to two months in the procedures of pensions of the teaching profession was achieved. It also managed to renegotiate the wage formula of the private sector in a unanimous agreement among workers, employers and the government, as well as a tripartite agreement among the same sectors to reduce informality, according to International Labour Organization (ILO) recommendation 204. As minister he also promoted the implementation of laws that cut luxury pensions, as well as the Ministry of Labor's defense of these laws before the Constitutional Chamber after appeals filed by several former deputies. Alvarado guaranteed that the Ministry of Labor will have the budget and the new places for the entry into force of the Labor Procedure Reform in July 2017.

President of Costa Rica[edit]

Alvarado speaking in 2018

On April 1, 2018 Alvarado won the presidential election (second round) with 61%, defeating Fabricio Alvarado Muñoz.[6] Same-sex marriage was a major issue in the campaign, after a ruling by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights required Costa Rica to recognize such unions.[7] Alvarado Muñoz campaigned against same-sex marriage, while Alvarado Quesada argued to respect the court's ruling. Alvarado Quesada won in a landslide, defying polls that predicted a close election.[8] He was sworn into office on May 8, 2018.

As President, Carlos Alvarado Quesasda has focused his efforts on decarbonizing Costa Rica's economy. He has set a goal for the country to achieve zero net emissions by the year 2050, and is implementing measures to achieve this. Since 40% of the country's greenhouse gas emissions come from transportation, he is focusing his efforts on that sector by building an electric rail-based public transit system for the capital, San José.[9] On 24 February 2019, he launched a plan to fully decarbonize the country's economy, in a ceremony alongside Christiana Figueres, the Costa Rican former UNFCCC head.[10] At this event, he described decarbonization as "the great challenge of our generation," and declared that "Costa Rica must be among the first countries to achieve it, if not the first."[11]

Personal life[edit]

As a student, Alvarado met his future wife, Claudia Dobles Camargo, while riding the same school bus that both used to travel to school.[12]

Alvarado is Roman Catholic.[13]


  1. ^ Murillo, Álvaro (7 May 2018). "Carlos Alvarado, el presidente atrevido de Costa Rica". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e "Carlos Alvarado Quesada" (PDF). Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  3. ^ IDS, University of Sussex and. "IDS alumnus elected President of Costa Rica". The University of Sussex. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
  4. ^ a b c "Carlos Alvarado Quesada". Editorial Cosa Rica. Retrieved 28 March 2017.
  5. ^ Ruiz, Gerardo (2016, marzo) "Carlos Alvarado, actual presidente del IMAS, es el nuevo ministro de Trabajo". La Nacion.
  6. ^ David Alire Garcia, Enrique Andres Pretel (April 1, 2018). "Costa Rica center-left easily wins presidency in vote fought on gay rights". Reuters.
  7. ^ Henley, Jon (2018-04-02). "Costa Rica: Carlos Alvarado wins presidency in vote fought on gay rights". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  8. ^ "Costa Rica Election Hands Presidency to Governing Party Stalwart". Retrieved 2018-07-03.
  9. ^ "Costa Rica launches 'unprecedented' push for zero emissions by 2050". Reuters. 2019-02-25. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
  10. ^ "Costa Rica launches plan to become the world's first decarbonized country". The Climate Group. 2019-02-25. Retrieved 2019-04-02.
  11. ^ "Costa Rica Commits to Fully Decarbonize by 2050 | UNFCCC". Retrieved 2019-04-02.
  12. ^ "La sancarleña que en un mes será la Primera Dama del país". San Carlos Digital. 2018-04-02. Archived from the original on 2018-11-24. Retrieved 2018-11-24.
  13. ^ Gómez, Dylan (2 Feb 2019). ""Soy creyente (…) soy católico y mi familia es muy católica", afirma Alvarado ante las críticas". NCR. Retrieved 27 May 2020.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Víctor Morales Mora
Minister of Labor and Social Security
Succeeded by
Alfredo Hasbum Camacho
Preceded by
Luis Guillermo Solís
President of Costa Rica