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Factorio logo.png
Developer(s)Wube Software
Publisher(s)Wube Software
  • Michal Kovařík
  • Tomas Kozelek
Designer(s)Michal Kovařík
  • Albert Bertolin
  • Vaclav Benc
Composer(s)Daniel James Taylor
Platform(s)Microsoft Windows, macOS, Linux
Release14 August 2020
Genre(s)Construction and management simulation, real-time strategy
Mode(s)Single-player, multiplayer

Factorio is a construction and management simulation game developed by the Czech studio Wube Software. The game was announced via an Indiegogo crowdfunding campaign in 2013 and released for Microsoft Windows, macOS, and Linux on 14 August 2020 following a four-year long early access phase. The game follows an engineer who crash-landed on an alien planet and must harvest resources and create industry to build a rocket; however, as an open-world game, players can continue the game past the end of the storyline. The game features both single-player and multiplayer modes.


Factorio is a construction and management game focused on resource-gathering with real-time strategy and survival elements and influences from the BuildCraft and IndustrialCraft mods for the video game Minecraft.[1] The player survives by locating and harvesting resources to craft various tools and machines, which in turn create more advanced materials that allow for the progression to more sophisticated technologies and machines. The game progresses as the player continues to build and manage their automated factory-style system, which automates the mining, transportation, processing, and assembly of resources and products. Players research advanced technologies that allow them to create new structures, items, and upgrades, starting with basic automation and eventually leading to oil refining, robots, and power armor.[2][3]

The current version of the game is formally "won" by launching a rocket, although choosing to ignore this goal and instead continue building a factory is possible, as Factorio is an open world game. Construction of a rocket requires massive amounts of resources, motivating the player to set up a sizable, effective factory in order to achieve this goal.


The player is concerned with defending themselves and their factory from the planet's indigenous fauna, known as 'Biters', 'Spitters', and 'Worms', who become increasingly hostile as pollutant emissions created by the player's factory increase, necessitating consideration of the balance between the player's production and the enemy's aggressiveness. The player can utilize defensive turrets, tanks, and other weapons to eliminate enemies.[4][5] As the game progresses, enemies evolve and become harder to defeat.


Multiplayer mode allows people to play together cooperatively or versus one another both locally and via the internet.[6][7][8] Factorio supports both dedicated servers as well as player-hosted listen servers. In the past, the game used peer-to-peer connectivity, however this was removed as more robust options were developed.[9][10] Saved world files can be seamlessly loaded in either single- or multiplayer. By default, all players on a server share technologies, unless a system of multiple teams has been instituted by the server host. Friendly fire is present. While the hard limit for players is 65,535 due to limitations of the SOCKET protocol, this number has never been reached; the most popular servers were able to successfully handle several hundred players at once.[11] Players can share construction blueprints with other players on their server, via a public blueprint library.[12]


The game has been developed by a team of developers from Prague since mid 2012. The development team originally consisted of a single person, but has grown larger. Wube Software was created in September 2014 by Michal Kovařík and Tomáš Kozelek in Prague, Czech Republic. To fund the game the development team began an Indiegogo campaign, which started on 31 January 2013 and concluded on 3 March 2013. The campaign raised 21,626 of the €17,000 goal.[13][14][15] Following the crowdfunding success, Wube sold early access editions of the game to raise further funds. The developer credits the April 2014 release of the game's trailer as a significant driver of those sales.[16] As of July 2017, the team consists of 15 members.[17]

Michal Kovařík, the game's lead designer, cited the IndustrialCraft and BuildCraft Minecraft mods for inspiration during the game's development.[1]

The game was released in early access on 25 February 2016.[6] It was officially released out of early access on 14 August 2020.[18] It was originally planned to be released on 25 September 2020, but was moved up a month as to not compete with the release of Cyberpunk 2077.[19][20]


Factorio is designed to be customisable via mods to create additional content, such as modifications to gameplay or re-texturing of visual elements. The developers offer an online portal on the Factorio website for mod developers to host their content. To help support the modding community, there is an in-game mod manager that allows players to quickly download them. Mods are written in Lua.


Factorio has received positive reviews from critics.[21][22] In the 2018 Steam Awards, Factorio was voted by Steam users as a runner-up in the "Most Fun with a Machine" category.[23] By 2020, the game had sold two million copies.[24]

Neobuthus factorio is a species of scorpion from the family Buthidae found in Somaliland. It is named after the game by one of the researchers who first described the species, who is the father of one of the developers.[25][26]


  1. ^ a b "kovarex comments on Nerd³ FW – Factorio". Reddit. Retrieved 5 September 2014.
  2. ^ Jauch, Daniel. "Our Nation's Factorio Review". APGNation. Archived from the original on 17 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  3. ^ Priestman, Chris. "Factorio Is A Machine-Fetishist's Best Friend". Indie Statik. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  4. ^ Livingston, Christopher (28 July 2014). "The Lighthouse Customer: Factorio". Retrieved 4 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Factorio – Content". factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Factorio FAQ". factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 28 August 2017.
  7. ^ Rogers, Tristan (1 November 2014). "Factorio Gets Multiplayer". SandboxDB. Archived from the original on 21 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Version 0.15.0 - Factorio Forums". forums.factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 5 June 2019. New scenarios: PvP...
  9. ^ "Factorio Headless download". factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  10. ^ Kovarik, Michal (15 July 2016). "Friday Facts #147 - Multiplayer rewrite". factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  11. ^ Kozelek, Tomas (16 September 2016). "Friday Facts #156 - Massive Multiplayer". factorio.com. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  12. ^ Majerech, Ondřej (23 December 2016). "Friday Facts #170 - Blueprint library GUI design and redesign". www.factorio.com. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  13. ^ Smith, Graham (14 May 2014). "Factorio Trailer Looks Like A Fun Factory, Has Demo". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  14. ^ "Factorio". Indiegogo. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  15. ^ Kozelek, Tomas. "Here we are". factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 16 May 2014.
  16. ^ Rose, Mike (27 May 2014). "How a single game trailer turned the tide for Factorio". Gamasutra. Retrieved 28 November 2015.
  17. ^ "Factorio - Team". factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
  18. ^ Brown, Fraser (14 August 2020). "Factorio finally leaves Early Access after 4 years". PC Gamer. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
  19. ^ Bolding, Jonathan (30 May 2020). "Factorio 1.0 will come a month early to avoid Cyberpunk 2077". PC Gamer. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  20. ^ "Cyberpunk 2077 release date pushed back again". Digital Trends. 18 June 2020. Retrieved 20 July 2020.
  21. ^ Meer, Alec (7 March 2016). "Factorio: The End Of Management Games". Rock, Paper, Shotgun. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  22. ^ Yin-Poole, Wesley (26 February 2016). "Meet Factorio, the wonderfully complex game about designing factories". Eurogamer. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  23. ^ Watts, Steve (15 February 2019). "Steam Awards 2018 Winners Announced, And Most Aren't From 2018". Gamespot. Retrieved 7 February 2020.
  24. ^ "Friday Facts #327 - 2020 Vision". factorio.com. Wube Software. Retrieved 30 December 2019.
  25. ^ Kovařík, František; Lowe, Graeme; Awale, Ahmed Ibrahim; Elmi, Hassan Sh Abdirahman; Hurre, Ali Abdi (12 December 2018). Fet, Victor (ed.). "Scorpions of the Horn of Africa (Arachnida, Scorpiones). Part XVII. Revision of Neobuthus, with Description of Seven New Species from Ethiopia, Kenya and Somaliland (Buthidae)"
  26. ^ Kovařík, Michal (21 December 2018). "Friday Facts #274". Factorio. Wube Software. Retrieved 30 July 2019.

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