Flag of Bangladesh

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Bangladesh
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
The Red & Green (Bengali: লাল সবুজ, romanizedLal Shôbuz)
UseNational flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag Reverse side is mirror image of obverse side Vertical hoist method of flag is unknown
Proportion3:5
Adopted17 January 1972; 51 years ago (1972-01-17)
DesignA red disc slightly off center to the left defacing a dark green banner.
Designed byQuamrul Hassan
Civil Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Civil ensign of Bangladesh
UseCivil ensign Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag Reverse side is mirror image of obverse side
DesignA Red Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Naval Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Naval ensign of Bangladesh
UseNaval ensign Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagSmall vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flagReverse side is mirror image of obverse side
DesignA White Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Air Force Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
UseAir force ensign Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Proportion1:2
DesignA field of air force blue with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton and the Bangladesh Air Force roundel in the middle of the fly.
Flag of Bangladesh (1971).svg
Flag used during the Liberation War (1971)
UseFormer flag Small vexillological symbol or pictogram in black and white showing the different uses of the flag
Adopted2 March 1971
DesignA red disc with a golden outline of Bangladesh on a green banner.

The national flag of Bangladesh was adopted officially on 17 January 1972. It consists of a red disc or sun on top of a dark green banner. The red disc is offset slightly toward the hoist so that it appears centered when the flag is flying. While there are many interpretations, according to Shib Narayan Das who put the map on the first flag design, green on the flag represented the landscape and the red circle represented the sun, symbolising a new day and end of oppression.[1]

The flag is based on a similar flag used during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which had a yellow map of the country inside the red disc. In 1972 this map was removed from the flag. One reason given was the difficulty for rendering the map correctly on both sides of the flag.[2] The civil ensign and naval ensign place it in the canton of a red or white field, respectively.

Origin[edit]

The first version of the flag was designed and made by a section of student leaders and activists of Swadheen Bangla Nucleus on 6 June 1970, at room 108 of Iqbal Hall (now Sergeant Zahurul Haq hall), Dhaka University; students involved with the design were namely Kazi Aref Ahmed, ASM Abdur Rab, Shahjahan Siraj, Manirul Islam (Marshal Moni), Swapan Kumar Choudhury, Quamrul Alam Khan Khasru, Hasanul Haq Inu, and Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed.[citation needed] The flag was made from clothes donated by Bazlur Rahman Lasker, the owner of Apollo Tailors, Dhaka New Market.[3]

A map of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) was first traced on a tracing paper from an atlas by Hasanul Haq Inu, Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed and Enamul Haq, at Enamul's room (312) in Quaid-I Azam Hall (now Titumir Hall), EPUET (now BUET).[4][5] Later the map was painted in the red circle by Shib Narayan Das.[6] On 2 March 1971, this initial version of the flag was hoisted in Bangladesh for the first time at Dhaka University, by student leader A. S. M. Abdur Rab, the then Vice President of Dhaka University Students' Union (DUCSU)[7] The flag was conceived so as to exclude the star and crescent considered as symbols of West Pakistan (now Pakistan).

On 26 July 1971, Zakaria Pintoo the captain of the Shadhin Bangla Football Team became the first person to hoist the Bangladesh flag on foreign land, before a match in Nadia district of West Bengal.[8]

On 13 January 1972 the flag was modified. The map from the center was removed, and the red disk moved towards the hoist so as to be visually centered when the flag is in flight on a mast.

Symbolism[edit]

According to CIA World Fact Book[2][9] and official descriptions, the green used in the flag represents the lushness of the green landscape of the country[10][11] and the red disk of the flag represents the blood the Bengalis shed during the Bangladesh Liberation War and the blood of those who died for the independence of Bangladesh.[11] An alternative description says that the green background represents the youth power and progress, while the red disk represents the revolution and renaissance. The circularity of the red design indicates the rising sun, similar to the Japanese flag.

Design[edit]

Construction guide for Flag of Bangladesh
Bangladesh National Flag construct.svg
Color Reference
Color model Green Red
Procion (official specification) Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000 Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000
Pantone[12] 342c 485
CMYK 100-0-26-58 0-83-73-4
(Hex) #006a4e #f42a41
RGB 0,106,78 244,42,65
^† Colors video approximation based on Inkscape colors value.

According to Bangladeshi government specifications,[13] following is the specification of the national flag:

  • The flag will be in bottle green and rectangular in size in the proportion of length to width of 10:6, with a red circle in near middle.
  • The red circle will have a radius of one-fifth of the length of the flag. Its centre will be placed on the intersecting point of the perpendicular drawn from the nine-twentieth part of the length of the flag, and the horizontal line drawn through the middle of its width.
  • The green base of the flag will be of Procion Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000. The red circular part will be of Procion Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000.
  • Depending on the size of the building the flag sizes will be 10 ft × 6 ft (3.0 m × 1.8 m); 5 ft × 3 ft (1.52 m × 0.91 m); 2+12 ft × 1+12 ft (760 mm × 460 mm). The size of the flag for cars is 12+12 in × 7+12 in (320 mm × 190 mm), and the size of the table flag for bilateral conferences is 10 in × 6 in (250 mm × 150 mm).

Protocol[edit]

Dhaka University campus, where a flag representing Bangladesh for the first time was raised on 2 March 1971

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on all working days on important government buildings and offices, e.g., the president house, legislative assembly buildings, etc. All ministries and the secretariat buildings of Bangladesh, offices of the high court, courts of district and session judges, offices of the commissioners of divisions, deputy commissioner/collectors, chairman, upazila parishad, central and district jails, police stations, primary, secondary and higher secondary level educational institutions and other buildings notified by the government from time to time. Ministers of state and persons accorded the status of a minister of state, deputy ministers and persons accorded the status of a deputy minister while on tour outside the capital within the country or abroad are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels.[13]

Official residences[edit]

The following persons must fly the flag on their official residence:[13]

Motor vehicles and vessels[edit]

The following persons are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels:[13]

  • The President of Bangladesh
  • The Prime Minister of Bangladesh
  • The Speaker of the Parliament
  • The Chief of Justice of Bangladesh
  • All Cabinet Ministers
  • Chief Whip
  • Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
  • The leader of the Opposition in Parliament
  • Heads of Bangladeshi Diplomatic or Consular Missions in foreign countries

Display[edit]

Children holding the flag of Bangladesh.

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on public and private buildings throughout Bangladesh and the office premises of Bangladeshi diplomatic missions and consular posts on the following days and occasions:[13]

Half-mast[edit]

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown at half-mast on the following days:[13]

World record[edit]

On 16 December 2013, the 42nd Victory Day of Bangladesh, 27,117 people gathered at the National Parade Ground in Dhaka's Sher-e-Bangla Nagar and created a "human flag" which was recorded in Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest human national flag.[15][16][17] This feat was short, however, as India topped the record on 7 December 2014 with 43,830 people participating to achieve the new world record for largest human national flag.[18]

In July 2021, Saimon Imran Hayder used 16,000 envelopes to create a 240m2 Bangladesh flag at the InterContinental Dhaka which was also a Guinness World Records attempt.[19][20]

Historical flags[edit]

Pre-colonial states[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Sultan of Delhi Flag according to the Catalan Atlas (1375).png 1206–1352 Flag of the Delhi Sultanate according to the Catalan Atlas (1375) A dark grey flag with a black strip left of center.
Flag of the Bengal Sultanate.svg 1352–1576 Flag of the Bengal Sultanate A white flag with two red strips at the top and bottom.
Alam of the Mughal Empire.svg 1576–1858 Flag of the Mughal Empire Mughal Empire Alam flag that was primarily moss green.[21][failed verification]
Flag of the Principality of Bengal (15th-18th century).svg –1757 Flag of the Bengal Subah A white flag with three red barrels and a red sword.[22]

British India and independence[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1858–1947 The official state flag of the British Empire for use in India The Flag of the United Kingdom.
Flag of the Governor-General of India (1885–1947).svg 1885–1947 Flag of the Viceroy of India The Union Jack with the insignia of the Order of the Star of India beneath the Imperial Crown of India.
British Raj Red Ensign.svg 1880–1947 Flag of the British Raj: A civilian flag used to represent British India internationally. A Red Ensign with the Union Flag at the canton, and the Star of India displayed in the fly.
Flag of British Bengal.svg –1947 Flag of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal Presidency, later Bengal Province) A Blue Ensign with the Union Flag at the canton, and the Bengal Presidency Emblem displayed in the fly.
Flag of Pakistan.svg 1947-1971 Flag of Pakistan Green flag with a white crescent and star on it, and a white strip to its left. See List of Pakistani flags for more.
Flag of the Mukti Bahini-DeFacto.svg March – December 1971 Flag of Mukti Bahini (Liberation Forces) A flag with a red background, a white disk and a hand holding a rifle- bayonet in the middle.
Flag of Bangladesh (1971).svg 1971– 1972 Flag of Provisional Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, used after independence too. A flag with a green background, a red disk and a yellow map of the country in the middle[2]
Flag of Bangladesh.svg 1972–present National flag of Bangladesh A red disc on top of a green field, offset slightly toward the hoist.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shib Narayan Das: The flag redesign was pre-planned". Dhaka Tribune. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 15 August 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Flag of Bangladesh Archived 23 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, Flags of the World.
  3. ^ আমাদের জাতীয় পতাকা. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  4. ^ Mohammad Momen (15 December 2014). "History of Bangladeshi Flag Part 1". YouTube. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  5. ^ Mohammad Momen (15 December 2014). "History of Bangladeshi Flag Part 2". YouTube. Archived from the original on 12 December 2021. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  6. ^ 'আমাদের জাতীয় পতাকার ইতিহাস', আমাদের সময়, ডিসেম্বর ৩, ২০০৯
  7. ^ Glassie, Henry and Mahmud, Feroz. 2008. Living Traditions. Cultural Survey of Bangladesh Series-II. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Dhaka. p. 580
  8. ^ "I am luckier than Pele: Zakaria Pintoo". New Age | The Most Popular Outspoken English Daily in Bangladesh.
  9. ^ "Lonely Planet: Bangladesh", 4th Edition, Lonely Planet Publications, (December 2000), ISBN 0-86442-667-4.
  10. ^ a b "Flag description". The world fact book. CIA USA. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  11. ^ a b "flag of Bangladesh". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  12. ^ Flags and anthems manual London 2012 : SPP final version / London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. LOCOG. London. 2012. p. 17. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d e f PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH FLAG RULES, 1972 (Revised up to 2005) Archived 18 November 2017 at the Wayback Machine, Government of Bangladesh, Cabinet Division
  14. ^ "National Mourning Day in Bangladesh / August 15, 2016". AnydayGuide.com. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  15. ^ "Bangladesh's human flag in Guinness World records". Bdnews24.com. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  16. ^ "Bangladesh makes biggest flag". Bangla Mail 24. Archived from the original on 18 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  17. ^ "World's largest human flag!". Bdnews24.com. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2018.
  18. ^ "Largest Human National Flag". guinnessworldrecords.com. 7 December 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  19. ^ BSS (24 July 2021). "Murad: Guinness world record of national flag will be pride for nation". Dhaka Tribune.
  20. ^ "A Guinness World Record attempt: Largest Bangladesh national flag made of handmade envelopes". Dhaka Tribune. 24 July 2021.
  21. ^ "A panorama in 12 folds showing the procession of the Emperor Bahadur Shah to celebrate the feast of the 'Id. f. 59v-D". British Library.
  22. ^ Steenbergen (1862). Vlaggen van alle Natien.

External links[edit]