Flag of Bangladesh

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Flag of Bangladesh.svg
NameThe Red & Green (Bengali: লাল সবুজ, Lal Shobuj)
UseNational flag
Adopted17 January 1972
DesignA red disc slightly off center to the left on a green field.
Designed byQuamrul Hassan
Civil Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Civil Ensign of Bangladesh
UseCivil ensign
DesignA Red Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Naval Ensign of Bangladesh.svg
Naval Ensign of Bangladesh
UseNaval ensign
DesignA White Ensign with the national flag of Bangladesh in the canton.
Flag of Bangladesh (1971).svg
Flag used during the Liberation War (1971)
UseFormer flag
Adopted2 March 1971
DesignA red disc with a golden outline of Bangladesh on a green field.

The national flag of Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের জাতীয় পতাকা, romanizedBānlādēśēra jātīẏa patākā, pronounced [baŋlad̪eʃer dʒat̪io̪ pɔt̪aka]) was adopted officially on 17 January 1972. It consists of a red disc on top (similar to that on Japan's flag) of a green field. The red disc is offset slightly toward the hoist so that it appears centred when the flag is flying. The disc represents the sun rising over Bengal, and also the blood of those who died for the independence of Bangladesh. The green field stands for the lushness of the land of Bangladesh and the eternal youth of Bangladeshis.

Flag of Bangladesh in 1971, used during the Bangladesh Liberation War

The flag is based on a similar flag used during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, which had a yellow map of the country inside the red disc. In 1972 this map was removed from the flag. One reason given was the difficulty for rendering the map correctly on both sides of the flag.[1] The civil ensign and naval ensign place it in the canton of a red or white field, respectively.


The first version of the flag was designed and made by a section of student leaders and activists of Swadheen Bangla Nucleus on 6 June 1970, at room 108 of Iqbal Hall (now Sergeant Zahurul Haq hall), Dhaka University; students involved with the design were namely Kazi Aref Ahmed, ASM Abdur Rab, Shahjahan Siraj, Manirul Islam (Marshal Moni), Swapan Kumar Choudhury, Quamrul Alam Khan Khasru, Hasanul Haq Inu, and Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed.[citation needed] The flag was made from clothes donated by Bazlur Rahman Lasker, the owner of Apollo Tailors, Dhaka New Market.[2]

A map of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) was first traced on a tracing paper from an atlas by Hasanul Haq Inu, Yousuf Salahuddin Ahmed and Enamul Haq, at Enamul's room (312) in Quaid-I Azam Hall (now Sher-E-Bangla Hall), EPUET (now BUET).[3][4] Later the map was painted in the red circle by Shib Narayan Das.[5] On 2 March 1971, this initial version of the flag was hoisted in Bangladesh for the first time at Dhaka University, by student leader A. S. M. Abdur Rab, the then Vice President of Dhaka University Students' Union (DUCSU)[6] The flag was conceived so as to exclude the star and crescent considered as symbols of West Pakistan (now Pakistan).

According to CIA World Fact Book,[1][7] the green used in the flag represents the lushness of the green landscape of the country.[8][9] On 13 January 1972 the flag was modified. The map from the center was removed, and the red disk moved towards the hoist. The red in the center is a symbolic representation of the blood Bengalis shed in the Bangladesh Liberation War.[9]


Construction guide for Flag of Bangladesh
Bangladesh National Flag construct.svg
Color Reference
Color model Green Red
Procion (official specification) Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000 Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000
Pantone[10] 342c 485
CMYK 100-0-26-58 0-83-73-4
(Hex) #006a4e #f42a41
RGB 0,106,78 244,42,65
^† Colors video approximation based on Inkscape colors value.

According to Bangladeshi government specifications,[11] following is the specification of the national flag:

  • The flag will be in bottle green and rectangular in size in the proportion of length to width of 10:6, with a red circle in near middle.
  • The red circle will have a radius of one-fifth of the length of the flag. Its centre will be placed on the intersecting point of the perpendicular drawn from the nine-twentieth part of the length of the flag, and the horizontal line drawn through the middle of its width.
  • The green base of the flag will be of Procion Brilliant Green H-2RS 50 parts per 1000. The red circular part will be of Procion Brilliant Orange H-2RS 60 parts per 1000.
  • Depending on the size of the building the flag sizes will be 10 ft × 6 ft (3.0 m × 1.8 m); 5 ft × 3 ft (1.52 m × 0.91 m); 2 12 ft × 1 12 ft (760 mm × 460 mm). The size of the flag for cars is 12 12 in × 7 12 in (320 mm × 190 mm), and the size of the table flag for bilateral conferences is 10 in × 6 in (250 mm × 150 mm).


Dhaka University campus, where the flag was raised for the first time on 2 March 1971

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on all working days on important government buildings and offices, e.g., the president house, legislative assembly buildings, etc. All ministries and the secretariat buildings of Bangladesh, offices of the high court, courts of district and session judges, offices of the commissioners of divisions, deputy commissioner/collectors, chairman, upazila parishad, central and district jails, police stations, primary, secondary and higher secondary level educational institutions and other buildings notified by the government from time to time. Ministers of state and persons accorded the status of a minister of state, deputy ministers and persons accorded the status of a deputy minister while on tour outside the capital within the country or abroad are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels.[11]

Official residences[edit]

The following persons must fly the flag on their official residence:[11]

Motor vehicles and vessels[edit]

The following persons are entitled to fly the flag on their motor vehicles and vessels:[11]

  • The President of Bangladesh
  • The Prime Minister of Bangladesh
  • The Speaker of the Parliament
  • The Chief of Justice of Bangladesh
  • All Cabinet Ministers
  • Chief Whip
  • Deputy Speaker of the Parliament
  • The leader of the Opposition in Parliament
  • Heads of Bangladeshi Diplomatic or Consular Missions in foreign countries


Children holding the flag of Bangladesh.

The national flag of Bangladesh is flown on public and private buildings throughout Bangladesh and the office premises of Bangladeshi diplomatic missions and consular posts on the following days and occasions:[11]


The national flag of Bangladesh is flown at half-mast on the following days:[11]

The following days are notified by the government:

World record[edit]

On 16 December 2013, the 42nd Victory Day of Bangladesh, 27,117 people gathered at the National Parade Ground in Dhaka's Sher-e-Bangla Nagar and created a "human flag" which was recorded in Guinness Book of World Records as the world's largest human national flag.[13][14][15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Flag of Bangladesh Archived 23 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine, Flags of the World.
  2. ^ "আমাদের জাতীয় পতাকা". Prothom-alo.com. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  3. ^ Mohammad Momen (15 December 2014). "History of Bangladeshi Flag Part 1". YouTube. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  4. ^ Mohammad Momen (15 December 2014). "History of Bangladeshi Flag Part 2". YouTube. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  5. ^ 'আমাদের জাতীয় পতাকার ইতিহাস', আমাদের সময়, ডিসেম্বর ৩, ২০০৯
  6. ^ Glassie, Henry and Mahmud, Feroz. 2008. Living Traditions. Cultural Survey of Bangladesh Series-II. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Dhaka. p. 580
  7. ^ "Lonely Planet: Bangladesh", 4th Edition, Lonely Planet Publications, (December 2000), ISBN 0-86442-667-4.
  8. ^ "Flag description". The world fact book. CIA USA. Archived from the original on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 3 May 2013.
  9. ^ a b "flag of Bangladesh". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 5 March 2016.
  10. ^ Flags and anthems manual London 2012 : SPP final version / London Organising Committee of the Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. LOCOG. London. 2012. p. 17. Retrieved 20 October 2017.
  11. ^ a b c d e f PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH FLAG RULES, 1972 (Revised up to 2005), Government of Bangladesh, Cabinet Division
  12. ^ "National Mourning Day in Bangladesh / August 15, 2016". AnydayGuide.com. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
  13. ^ "Bangladesh's human flag in Guinness World records". Bdnews24.com. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  14. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ "World's largest human flag!". Bdnews24.com. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 26 November 2018.

External links[edit]