Football League One

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This article is about the English football league. For other leagues, see League One (disambiguation).
Football League One
Country  England
Founded 2004; 12 years ago (2004)
1992–2004 (as Division Two)
1958–1992 (as Division Three)
1921–1958 (as Division Three North/South)
1920–1921 (as Division Three)
Number of teams 24
Level on pyramid 3
Promotion to Championship
Relegation to League Two
Domestic cup(s) FA Cup
EFL Cup
EFL Trophy
International cup(s) Europa League (via domestic cups or league cups)
Current champions Wigan Athletic
(2016–17 Football League One)
TV partners Sky Sports
Channel 5 (Highlights Only)
Website www.efl.com/sky-bet-league-one/
2016–17 Football League One

The English Football League One (often referred to as League One for short or Sky Bet League 1 for sponsorship reasons) is the second-highest division of the English Football League and the third tier in the English football league system.

League One was introduced for the 2004–05 season. It was previously known as the Football League Second Division and prior to the advent of the Premier League, the Football League Third Division.

At present (2015–16 season), Oldham Athletic hold the longest tenure in League One, last being out of the division in the 1996–97 season when they were relegated from the First Division. There are currently eight former Premier League clubs competing in the League One, namely Blackpool, Bradford City, Coventry City, Oldham Athletic, Sheffield United, Swindon Town, Wigan Athletic, and as of the 2016–17 season, Bolton Wanderers and Charlton Athletic following their 2016 relegation. Also, another former Premier League club, the now-defunct Wimbledon F.C., is represented in the 2016–17 season by both of its successor clubs, AFC Wimbledon and Milton Keynes Dons, following the promotion of AFC Wimbledon and the relegation of MK Dons.

Structure[edit]

There are 24 clubs in League One. Each club plays every other club twice (once at home and once away). Three points are awarded for a win, one for a draw and zero for a loss. At the end of the season a table of the final League standings is determined, based on the following criteria in this order: points obtained, goal difference, goals scored, an aggregate of the results between two or more clubs (ranked using the previous three criteria) and, finally, a series of one or more play-off matches.

At the end of each season the top two clubs, together with the winner of the play-offs between the clubs which finished in 3rd–6th position, are promoted to Football League Championship and are replaced by the three clubs that finished at the bottom of that division.

Similarly, the four clubs that finished at the bottom of Football League One are relegated to Football League Two and are replaced by the top three clubs and the club that won the 4th–7th place play-offs in that division.

Media coverage[edit]

Sky Sports currently show live League One matches with highlights shown on Channel 5 on their programme called Football League Tonight, which also broadcasts highlights of Football League Championship and Football League Two matches. The show is available on the red button the following Sunday until midday and is available on iPlayer all the following week. Highlights of all games in the Football League are also available to view separately on the Sky Sports website. In Sweden, TV4 Sport has the rights of broadcasting from the league. A couple of league matches during the season of 09/10 including play-off matches and the play-off final to the Championship were shown. In Australia, Setanta Sports Australia broadcasts live Championship matches. In the USA and surrounding countries including Cuba, some Football League Championship, Football League One and Football League Two games are shown on beIN Sports.

Clubs 2016–17[edit]

The following 24 clubs are competing in League One during the 2016–17 season.

Club Finishing position last season Location Stadium Capacity
Wimbledon 7th in League Two (promoted via play-offs) Kingston-upon-Thames Kingsmeadow 4,850
Bolton Wanderers 24th in Championship (relegated) Bolton Macron Stadium 28,723
Bradford City 5th Bradford Valley Parade 25,136
Bristol Rovers 3rd in League Two (promoted) Bristol Memorial Stadium 12,011
Bury 16th Bury Gigg Lane 11,640
Charlton Athletic 22nd in Championship (relegated) Charlton, London The Valley 27,111
Chesterfield 18th Chesterfield Proact Stadium 10,400
Coventry City 8th Coventry Ricoh Arena 32,500
Fleetwood Town 19th Fleetwood Highbury Stadium 5,311
Gillingham 9th Gillingham Priestfield 11,582
Milton Keynes Dons 23rd in Championship (relegated) Milton Keynes Stadium mk 30,500
Millwall 4th Bermondsey, London The Den 20,146
Northampton Town 1st in League Two (promoted) Northampton Sixfields Stadium 7,653
Oldham Athletic 17th Oldham Boundary Park 13,309
Oxford United 2nd in League Two (promoted) Oxford Kassam Stadium 12,500
Peterborough United 13th Peterborough ABAX Stadium 14,319
Port Vale 12th Burslem, Stoke-on-Trent Vale Park 18,947
Rochdale 10th Rochdale Spotland 10,249
Scunthorpe United 7th Scunthorpe Glanford Park 9,183
Sheffield United 11th Sheffield Bramall Lane 32,702
Shrewsbury Town 20th Shrewsbury New Meadow 9,875
Southend United 14th Southend-on-Sea Roots Hall 12,392
Swindon Town 15th Swindon County Ground, Swindon 15,728
Walsall 3rd Walsall Bescot Stadium 11,300

Teams promoted from League One[edit]

Season Winner Runner-up Promoted Play-off Winner
2004–05 Luton Town Hull City Sheffield Wednesday
2005–06 Southend United Colchester United Barnsley
2006–07 Scunthorpe United Bristol City Blackpool
2007–08 Swansea City Nottingham Forest Doncaster Rovers
2008–09 Leicester City Peterborough United Scunthorpe United
2009–10 Norwich City Leeds United Millwall
2010–11 Brighton & Hove Albion Southampton Peterborough United
2011–12 Charlton Athletic Sheffield Wednesday Huddersfield Town
2012–13 Doncaster Rovers Bournemouth Yeovil Town
2013–14 Wolverhampton Wanderers Brentford Rotherham United
2014–15 Bristol City Milton Keynes Dons Preston North End
2015–16 Wigan Athletic Burton Albion Barnsley

For past winners at this level before 2004, see List of winners of English Football League One and predecessors.

Play-off results[edit]

Season Semi-final (1st Leg) Semi-final (2nd Leg) Final
2004–05 Sheffield Wednesday 1–0 Brentford

Hartlepool United 2–0 Tranmere Rovers

Brentford 1–2 Sheffield Wednesday

Tranmere Rovers 2–0 Hartlepool United
(Hartlepool won 6–5 on penalties, AET)

Sheffield Wednesday 4–2 Hartlepool United AET
2005–06 Barnsley 0–1 Huddersfield Town

Swansea City 1–1 Brentford

Huddersfield Town 1–3 Barnsley

Brentford 0–2 Swansea City

Barnsley 2–2 Swansea City

(Barnsley won 4–3 on penalties, AET)

2006–07 Yeovil Town 0–2 Nottingham Forest
Oldham Athletic 1–2 Blackpool
Nottingham Forest 2–5 Yeovil Town AET
Blackpool 3–1 Oldham Athletic
Blackpool 2–0 Yeovil Town
2007–08 Southend United 0–0 Doncaster Rovers
Leeds United 1–2 Carlisle United
Doncaster Rovers 5–1 Southend United
Carlisle United 0–2 Leeds United
Leeds United 0–1 Doncaster Rovers
2008–09 Scunthorpe United 1–1 Milton Keynes Dons
Millwall 1–0 Leeds United
Milton Keynes Dons 0–0 Scunthorpe United

(Scunthorpe won 7–6 on penalties, AET) Leeds United 1–1 Millwall

Scunthorpe United 3–2 Millwall
2009–10 Swindon Town 2–1 Charlton Athletic

Huddersfield Town 0–0 Millwall

Charlton Athletic 2–1 Swindon Town

(Swindon won 5–4 on penalties, AET) Millwall 2–0 Huddersfield Town

Millwall 1–0 Swindon Town
2010–11 Bournemouth 1–1 Huddersfield Town

Milton Keynes Dons 3–2 Peterborough United

Huddersfield Town 3–3 Bournemouth

(Huddersfield won 4–2 on penalties, AET)
Peterborough United 2–0 Milton Keynes Dons

Huddersfield Town 0–3 Peterborough United
2011–12 Stevenage 0–0 Sheffield United

Milton Keynes Dons 0–2 Huddersfield Town

Sheffield United 1–0 Stevenage

Huddersfield Town 1–2 Milton Keynes Dons

Huddersfield Town 0–0 Sheffield United

(Huddersfield won 8–7 on penalties, AET)

2012–13 Sheffield United 1–0 Yeovil Town

Swindon Town 1–1 Brentford

Yeovil Town 2–0 Sheffield United

Brentford 3–3 Swindon Town
(Brentford won 5–4 on penalties, AET)

Brentford 1–2 Yeovil Town
2013–14 Peterborough United 1–1 Leyton Orient

Preston North End 1–1 Rotherham United

Leyton Orient 2–1 Peterborough United

Rotherham United 3–1 Preston North End

Leyton Orient 2–2 Rotherham United

(Rotherham won 4–3 on penalties, AET)

2014–15 Chesterfield 0–1 Preston North End
Sheffield United 1–2 Swindon Town
Preston North End 3–0 Chesterfield
Swindon Town 5–5 Sheffield United
Preston North End 4–0 Swindon Town

Relegated teams[edit]

Season Clubs
2004–05 Torquay United, Wrexham, Peterborough United, Stockport County
2005–06 Hartlepool United, Milton Keynes Dons, Swindon Town, Walsall
2006–07 Chesterfield, Bradford City, Rotherham United, Brentford
2007–08 Bournemouth, Gillingham, Port Vale, Luton Town
2008–09 Northampton Town, Crewe Alexandra, Cheltenham Town, Hereford United
2009–10 Gillingham, Wycombe Wanderers, Southend United, Stockport County
2010–11 Dagenham and Redbridge, Bristol Rovers, Plymouth Argyle, Swindon Town
2011–12 Wycombe Wanderers, Chesterfield, Exeter City, Rochdale
2012–13 Scunthorpe United, Bury, Hartlepool United, Portsmouth
2013–14 Stevenage, Shrewsbury Town, Carlisle United, Tranmere Rovers
2014–15 Crawley Town, Leyton Orient, Yeovil Town, Notts County
2015–16 Crewe Alexandra, Blackpool, Colchester United, Doncaster Rovers

Top scorers[edit]

Season Top scorer Club Goals
2004–05 Northern Ireland Stuart Elliott Hull City 27
England Dean Windass Bradford City
2005–06 Wales Freddy Eastwood Southend United 23
England Billy Sharp Scunthorpe United
2006–07 England Billy Sharp Scunthorpe United 30
2007–08 Trinidad and Tobago Jason Scotland Swansea City 24
2008–09 Republic of Ireland Simon Cox Swindon Town 29
England Rickie Lambert Bristol Rovers
2009–10 England Rickie Lambert Southampton 30
2010–11 Scotland Craig Mackail-Smith Peterborough United 27
2011–12 Scotland Jordan Rhodes Huddersfield Town 38
2012–13 Republic of Ireland Paddy Madden Yeovil Town 24
2013–14 England Sam Baldock Bristol City 24
2014–15 England Joe Garner Preston North End 26
2015–16 Northern Ireland Will Grigg Wigan Athletic 25

Stadiums 2015–16[edit]

Home Club Stadium Capacity
Sheffield United Bramall Lane 32,702
Coventry City Ricoh Arena 32,609
Wigan Athletic DW Stadium 25,138
Bradford City Valley Parade 25,136
Barnsley Oakwell 23,009
Millwall The Den 20,146
Port Vale Vale Park 19,052
Blackpool Bloomfield Road 17,338
Swindon Town County Ground 15,730
Doncaster Rovers Keepmoat Stadium 15,231
Peterborough United London Road 14,989
Southend United Roots Hall 12,392
Bury Gigg Lane 11,840
Gillingham Priestfield Stadium 11,588
Walsall Bescot Stadium 11,300
Oldham Athletic Boundary Park 13,500
Chesterfield Proact Stadium 10,504
Rochdale Spotland1 10,249
Crewe Alexandra Gresty Road 10,153
Colchester United Colchester Community Stadium 10,105
Shrewsbury Town New Meadow 9,875
Scunthorpe United Glanford Park1 9,088
Burton Albion Pirelli Stadium1 6,912
Fleetwood Town Highbury Stadium1 5,327

1This ground contains terracing

Financial Fair Play[edit]

Starting from the 2012–13 season, a Financial Fair Play arrangement has been in place in all 3 divisions of the Football League, the intention being eventually to produce a league of financially self-sustaining clubs. In League One, this takes the form of a Salary Cost Management Protocol in which a maximum of 60% of a club's turnover may be spent on players' wages, with sanctions being applied in the form of transfer embargoes. [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]