Fredericksburg Confederate order of battle

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The following Confederate States Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Fredericksburg of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization during the campaign.[1][2] The Union order of battle is listed separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]

Other[edit]

  • w = wounded
  • mw = mortally wounded
  • k =killed
  • c = captured

Army of Northern Virginia[edit]

Gen Robert E. Lee, Commanding

First Corps[edit]

LTG James Longstreet

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

McLaws' Division


     MG Lafayette McLaws

Kershaw's Brigade


  BG Joseph B. Kershaw

Barksdale's Brigade


  BG William Barksdale

Cobb's Brigade


  BG Thomas R.R. Cobb (mw)
  Col Robert E. McMillan

Semmes' Brigade


  BG Paul J. Semmes

Artillery


  Col Henry C. Cabell[5]

Anderson's Division


     MG Richard H. Anderson

Wilcox's Brigade


  BG Cadmus M. Wilcox

Mahone's Brigade


  BG William Mahone

Featherston's Brigade


  BG Winfield S. Featherston

  • 12th Mississippi: Col William H. Taylor
  • 16th Mississippi: Col Carnot Posey
  • 19th Mississippi: Col Thomas Hardin (k)
  • 48th Mississippi (5 companies): Ltc Thomas B. Manlove
Wright's Brigade


  BG Ambrose R. Wright

  • 3rd Georgia: Col Edward J. Walker
  • 22nd Georgia: Col Robert H. Jones
  • 48th Georgia: Cpt Matthew R. Hall
  • 2nd Georgia Battalion:[7] Cpt Charles J. Moffett
Perry's Brigade


  BG Edward A. Perry[8]

Artillery


  Ltc John S. Saunders

  • Donaldsonville (Louisiana) Artillery: Cpt Victor Maurin
  • Huger's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Frank Huger
  • Lewis' (Virginia) battery:[9] Cpt John W. Lewis
  • Norfolk (Virginia) Light Artillery Blues: Lt William T. Peet

Pickett's Division


     MG George Pickett

Garnett's Brigade


  BG Richard B. Garnett[10]

Armistead's Brigade


  BG Lewis A. Armistead

Kemper's Brigade


  BG James L. Kemper

Jenkins' Brigade


  BG Micah Jenkins

  • 1st South Carolina (Hagood's): Col Daniel H. Hamilton
  • 2nd South Carolina (Rifles): Col Robert E. Bowen
  • 5th South Carolina: Col Ashbury Coward
  • 6th South Carolina: Col John M. Steedman
  • Hampton's Legion (Infantry Battalion): Ltc Robert B. Arnold
  • Palmetto Sharpshooters: Col Joseph Walker
Corse' s Brigade[11]


  BG Montgomery D. Corse

Artillery[13]


  Maj James Dearing

  • Dearing's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Joseph Blount
  • Fauquier (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Robert M. Stribling
  • Richmond Fayette (Virginia) Artillery:[14] Cpt Miles C. Macon

Hood's Division


     MG John B. Hood

Law's Brigade


  BG Evander M. Law

  • 4th Alabama: Col Pinckney D. Bowles
  • 44th Alabama:[15] Ltc Charles A. Derby
  • 6th North Carolina: Ltc Robert F. Webb
  • 54th North Carolina: Col James C. S. McDowell
  • 57th North Carolina: Col Archibald C. Godwin
Robertson' s Brigade


  BG Jerome B. Robertson

Anderson's Brigade


  BG George T. Anderson

Toombs' Brigade


  Col Henry L. Benning

  • 2nd Georgia: Ltc William R. Holmes
  • 15th Georgia: Col William T. Millican
  • 17th Georgia: Col Wesley C. Hodges
  • 20th Georgia: Col John R. Cummings
Artillery


  Maj Mathias W. Henry

  • Bachman's battery, German (South Carolina) Artillery: Cpt James Simons
  • Garden's battery, Palmetto (South Carolina) Light Artillery: Cpt Hugh R. Garden
  • Reilly's battery, Rowan (North Carolina) Artillery: Cpt James Reilly

Ransom's Division


     BG Robert Ransom, Jr.

Ransom's Brigade


  BG Robert Ransom, Jr.

  • 24th North Carolina: Ltc John L. Harris
  • 25th North Carolina: Ltc Samuel C. Bryson
  • 35th North Carolina: Col Matt W. Ransom
  • 49th North Carolina: Ltc Lee McAfee
  • Branch's (Virginia) battery: Cpt James R. Branch
Cooke's Brigade


  BG John R. Cooke (w, Dec. 13)
  Col Edward D. Hall

  • 15th North Carolina:[16] Ltc William MacRae
  • 27th North Carolina: Col John A. Gilmer, Jr.
  • 46th North Carolina: Col Edward D. Hall
  • 48th North Carolina: Ltc Samuel H. Walkup
  • Cooper's Stafford (Virginia) battery: Cpt Samuel Cooper

First Corps Artillery[17]

Washington (Louisiana) Artillery


  Col James B. Walton

  • 1st Company: Cpt Charles W. Squires
  • 2nd Company: Cpt John B. Richardson
  • 3rd Company: Cpt Merritt B. Miller
  • 4th Company: Cpt Benjamin F. Eshleman
Alexander's Battalion


  Ltc E. Porter Alexander

  • Bedford (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Tyler C. Jordan
  • Bath (Virginia) battery: Cpt John L. Eubank
  • Madison (Louisiana) Light Artillery: Cpt George V. Moody
  • Parker's (Virginia) battery: Cpt William W. Parker
  • Brook's (South Carolina) battery(Rhett): Cpt Andrew B. Rhett
  • Ashland (Virginia) battery: Cpt Pichegru Woolfolk, Jr.

Second Corps[edit]

LTG Thomas J. Jackson

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

D.H. Hill's Division


     MG D.H. Hill

First (Rodes') Brigade


  BG Robert E. Rodes

Second (Doles') Brigade


  BG George Doles

Third (Colquitt's) Brigade


  BG Alfred H. Colquitt

  • 13th Alabama: Col Birkett D. Fry
  • 6th Georgia: Col John T. Lofton
  • 23rd Georgia: Col Emory F. Best
  • 27th Georgia: Col Charles T. Zachary
  • 28th Georgia: Maj Tully Graybill
Fourth (Iverson's) Brigade


  BG Alfred Iverson, Jr.

  • 5th North Carolina: Cpt Thomas W. Garrett
  • 12th North Carolina: Col Henry E. Coleman
  • 20th North Carolina: Ltc Frank Faison
  • 23rd North Carolina: Col Daniel H. Christie
Fifth (Ramseur's) Brigade


  Col Bryan Grimes

Artillery


  Maj Hilary P. Jones
  Maj Thomas H. Carter[19]

  • Hardaway's (Alabama) battery: Cpt Robert A. Hardaway, Cpt William B. Hurt[20]
  • Bondurant's battery, Jeff Davis (Alabama) Artillery: Cpt James W. Bondurant
  • Carter's battery, King William (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Thomas H. Carter, Cpt William P.P. Carter
  • Page's battery, Morris (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Richard C.M. Page
  • Fry's battery, Orange (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Charles M. Fry
  • Goochland (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt William H. Turner

A.P. Hill's Light Division


     MG A.P. Hill

First (Field's) Brigade


  Col John M. Brockenbrough

Second (Gregg's) Brigade


  BG Maxcy Gregg (mw, Dec. 13)
  Col Samuel McGowan

Third (Thomas') Brigade


  BG Edward L. Thomas

  • 14th Georgia: Col Arnoldus V. Brumby
  • 35th Georgia: Col Bolling H. Holt
  • 45th Georgia: Col Thomas J. Simmons
  • 49th Georgia: Col Andrew J. Lane
Fourth (Lane's) Brigade


  BG James H. Lane

  • 7th North Carolina: Ltc Junius L. Hill
  • 18th North Carolina: Col Thomas J. Purdie
  • 28th North Carolina: Col Samuel D. Lowe
  • 33rd North Carolina: Col Clark M. Avery
  • 37th North Carolina: Cpt William M. Barbour
Fifth (Archer's) Brigade


  BG James J. Archer

  • 5th Alabama Battalion: Maj Albert S. Van de Graaff (w), Cpt Samuel D. Stewart
  • 19th Georgia: Ltc Andrew J. Hutchins
  • 1st Tennessee (Provisional Army): Col Peter Turney (w), Ltc Newton J. George (w), Cpt Miller Turney (w),
    Cpt Henry J. Hawkins
  • 7th Tennessee: Col John F. Goodner
  • 14th Tennessee: Ltc James W. Lockert
Sixth (Pender's) Brigade


  BG William D. Pender (w, Dec. 13)
  Col Alfred M. Scales

  • 13th North Carolina: Col Alfred M. Scales
  • 16th North Carolina: Col John S. McElroy
  • 22nd North Carolina: Maj Christopher C. Cole
  • 34th North Carolina: Col William L.J. Lowrance
  • 38th North Carolina: Col William H.H. Cowles
Artillery


  Ltc R. Lindsay Walker

  • Branch (North Carolina) Artillery: Lt John R. Potts
  • Crenshaw (Virginia) battery: Lt James Ellett
  • Fredericksburg (Virginia) Artillery: Lt Edward A. Marye
  • Johnson's (Virginia) battery: Lt Valentine J. Clutter
  • Letcher (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt Greenlee Davidson
  • Pee Dee (South Carolina) Artillery: Cpt David G. Mcintosh
  • Purcell (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt William Pegram

Ewell's Division


     BG Jubal A. Early

Lawton's Brigade


  Col Edmund N. Atkinson (w&c)
  Col Clement A. Evans

Trimble's Brigade


  Col Robert Hoke

  • 15th Alabama: Maj Alexander A. Lowther
  • 12th Georgia: Col Zephaniah T. Connor
  • 21st Georgia: Ltc Thomas W. Hooper
  • 21st North Carolina: Col Saunders Fulton
  • 1st North Carolina Battalion: Maj Rufus N. Wharton
Early's Brigade


  Col James A. Walker

Hays' (First Louisiana) Brigade


  BG Harry T. Hays

  • 5th Louisiana: Col Henry Forno
  • 6th Louisiana: Col WIlliam Monaghan
  • 7th Louisiana: Col Davidson B. Penn
  • 8th Louisiana: Ltc Trevanion D. Lewis
  • 9th Louisiana: Col Leroy A. Stafford
Artillery


  Cpt Joseph W. Latimer

  • Charlottesville (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt James McD. Carrington
  • Chesapeake (Maryland) Artillery: Lt John E. Plater
  • Courtney (Virginia) Artillery: Lt William A. Tanner
  • First Maryland Battery: Cpt William F. Dement
  • Louisiana Guard Artillery: Cpt Louis E. D'Aquin
  • Staunton (Virginia) Artillery: Lt Asher W. Garber

Jackson's Division


     BG William B. Taliaferro

First (Paxton's) Brigade


  BG Elisha F. Paxton

Second (Jones') Brigade


  BG John R. Jones

Third (Taliaferro's) Brigade


  Col Edward T.H. Warren

Fourth (Starke's) Brigade


  Col Edmund Pendleton

  • 1st Louisiana (Volunteers): Ltc Michael Nolan
  • 2nd Louisiana: Col Jesse M. Williams, Maj Michael A. Grogan
  • 10th Louisiana: Ltc John M. Legett
  • 14th Louisiana: Cpt Henry M. Verlander
  • 15th Louisiana: Ltc McG. Goodwyn
  • Coppens' (Louisiana) Battalion: Ltc M. Alfred Coppens
Artillery


  Cpt John B. Brockenbrough (w)

  • Carpenter's Alleghany (Virginia) battery: Lt George McKendree, Lt William T. Lambie (w)
  • Danville (Virginia) Artillery: Cpt George W. Wooding (w), Lt Joseph H. Jones (w)
  • Hampden (Virginia) Artillery:[21] Cpt William H. Caskie
  • Lee (Virginia) Artillery: Lt Charles W. Stratham
  • 2nd Rockbridge (Virginia) battery: Lt George M. Lusk

Reserve Artillery[edit]

BG William N. Pendleton[22]

Battalions Batteries
Brown's Battalion


  Col J. Thompson Brown

Cutts' (Georgia) Battalion
  • Co. A, Sumter (Ga.) Flying Artillery Battalion (Ross's Battery): Cpt Hugh M. Ross
  • Co. B, Sumter (Ga.) Flying Artillery Battalion (Patterson's Battery): Cpt George M. Patterson
  • Co. C, Sumter (Ga.) Flying Artillery Battalion (Lane's Battery): Cpt John Lane
Nelson's Battalion


  Maj William Nelson

  • Kirkpatrick's (Virginia) battery, Amherst Artillery: Cpt Thomas J. Kirkpatrick
  • Massie's (Virginia) battery, Fluvanna Artillery: Cpt John L. Massie
  • Milledge's (Georgia) battery: Cpt John Milledge
Miscellaneous Batteries[24]
  • Ells' Macon Light Artillery: Cpt Henry N. Ells
  • Nelson's (Virginia) battery, Hanover Artillery: Cpt George W. Nelson

Cavalry[edit]

Division Brigade Regiments and Others

MG James E.B. Stuart

First Brigade[25]


  BG Wade Hampton

Second Brigade


  BG Fitzhugh Lee

Third Brigade


  BG W.H.F. Lee

Fourth Brigade[27]


  BG William E. Jones

Artillery[28]


  Maj John Pelham

  • Breathed's (Virginia) battery: Cpt James Breathed
  • Chew's (Virginia) battery:[29] Cpt R. Preston Chew
  • Hart's (South Carolina) battery: Cpt James F. Hart
  • Henry's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Matthew W. Henry
  • Moorman's (Virginia) battery: Cpt Marcellus N. Moorman

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XXI, Part 1, pages 538-545
  2. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  3. ^ Transferred from Drayton's brigade, Nov. 26
  4. ^ Transferred from Robertson's brigade, Nov. 26
  5. ^ Cabell also commanded Nelson's Battalion and Branch's, Cooper's, Dearing's, Ells', Eubank's, Lane's, Macon's and Ross' batteries.
  6. ^ a b Transferred from Pryor's brigade, Nov. 10
  7. ^ a b Transferred from Cooke's brigade, Nov. 26
  8. ^ Assigned Nov. 10
  9. ^ Assigned Dec. 1
  10. ^ Assigned Nov. 26; Corse was assigned Nov. 6, vice Pickett promoted, and was succeeded by Garnett.
  11. ^ Brigade organized and Corse assigned Nov. 26
  12. ^ Promoted Col, Dec. 13
  13. ^ Other batteries of this division are probably noted as "miscellaneous" (see Reserve Artillery) their assignments not being clearly indicated by the reports. Stribling's battery was assigned Dec. 1 "for service with the brigade to which it has long been attached".
  14. ^ Transferred from McLaws' division, Dec. 8
  15. ^ Transferred from Wright's brigade, Nov. 26
  16. ^ Transferred from Cobb's brigade, Nov. 26
  17. ^ Not assigned to divisions
  18. ^ OR 21 Page 1073
  19. ^ Promoted and assigned command, Dec. 12
  20. ^ Assigned command, Dec. 3
  21. ^ Attached from Dearing's Artillery
  22. ^ Majors John J. Garnett, Samuel P. Hamilton and Thomas J. Page, jr. are mentioned in the reports as commanding artillery battalion but their composition is not stated.
  23. ^ a b c d e Of the First Virginia Light Artillery
  24. ^ Mentioned in the reports but assignments not indicated
  25. ^ Detached on a raid to Dúmfries
  26. ^ Transferred from Third Brigade, between Nov. 10 and Dec. 31.
  27. ^ In the Shenandoah Valley
  28. ^ Roster for Dec. 16; Hart's, Breathed's, Moorman's and Chew's batteries appear as attached respectively to the First, Second, Third and Fourth Brigades.
  29. ^ Probably in the Shenandoah Valley with the Fourth (Jones') Brigade.

References[edit]