Galeazzo Marescotti (1 October 1627– 3 July 1726) was an Italian cardinal.
He was born in Vignanello, Italy. His father was named Sforza Marescotti and his mother was Vittoria Ruspoli, both born to prominent aristocratic families of Bologna and Modena. Galeazzo studied in seminary, and after ordination by the age of 23 years was appointed to the papal office of prothonotary apostolic.
From 1661 to 1663 he was governor of Ascoli Piceno. In 1663 he was appointed director of the Congregation of inquisitor Sancti Officii. In 1665 he was promoted to commissioner of the Holy Office of Pope Alexander VII. In 1668 he was appointed Titular Archbishop of Corinth by Pope Clement IX and was sent on a diplomatic mission to Vienna. He was appointed nuncio to Poland. On 4 March 1668, he was consecrated Bishop by Pietro Vidoni, Bishop of Lodi with Giacomo de Angelis, Archbishop of Urbino, and Carlo de' Vecchi, Bishop Emeritus of Chiusi as co-consecrators.
On 13 August 1670 he was appointed apostolic nuncio in Spain by Pope Clement X, and remained at that post in Madrid till 1675. Pope Clement X elevated him to the rank of cardinal in the consistory of 27 May 1675, and assigned him the title of San Bernardo alle Terme. From 1676 to 1679 he was papal governor in Ferrara. In 1679 he was appointed Bishop of Tivoli. In the church of Tivoli he built at his own expense a walnut choir of rare workmanship for canons, adorned the chapel in the cathedral of San Lorenzo inlaid with colored marble and other ornaments. He reformed the clergy with a new synod. Donated to the cathedral the sum of 500 scudi, with the obligation of an anniversary for the repose of his soul and erected several chapels. In 1684 resigned the bishopric in the hands of Innocent XI . The city was always in the heart, in fact in 1705 he founded the city, at its expense, a monastery for nuns of St. Elizabeth, which finally gave in 1721 the most beautiful and precious furnishings of his private chapel.
In 1681 received the title of Saints Quirico and Giuditta. In 1700 received the title of Santa Prassede. In 1708 he received the title of San Lorenzo in Lucina.
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- Giambattista Febei, Bishop of Acquapendente (1683);
- Giovanni Alfonso Petrucci, Bishop of Belcastro (1686);
- Stefano Giuseppe Menatti, Titular Bishop of Cyrene (1686);
- Dominicus Maria Marchese, Bishop of Pozzuoli (1688);
- Pietro Antonio d'Alessandro, Bishop of San Marco (1688);
- Andrea de Rossi, Archbishop of Rossano (1688);
- Baldassarre Nosadini, Bishop of Krk (1688);
- Juan Bonilla (bishop), Bishop of Ariano (1689);
- Francesco Ramírez, Archbishop of Brindisi (1689);
- Michele Petirro, Bishop of Termoli (1689);
- Marcello d'Aste, Titular Archbishop of Athenae (1692);
- Giovanni Battista Carrone, Bishop of Strongoli (1692);
- Pietro Martire Giustiniani, Archbishop of Naxos (1692);
- Federico Caccia, Titular Archbishop of Laodicea in Phrygia (1693);
- Luca Antonio Eustachi, Bishop of Città di Castello (1693);
- Michael Cantelmi, Bishop of Umbriatico (1693);
- Giuseppe Migliaccio, Bishop of Patti (1693);
- Lorenzo Gherardi, Bishop of Recanati e Loreto (1693);
- Matteo Gagliani, Bishop of Fondi (1693);
- Leonardo Cassiani, Bishop of Teramo (1693);
- Giacinto Gaetano Chiurlia (Chyurlia), Bishop of Giovinazzo (1693);
- Francesco Protonobilissimo, Bishop of Trevico (1693);
- Fernando Manuel de Mejía, Bishop of Zamora (1693);
- Carlo Giuseppe Morozzo, Bishop of Bobbio (1693);
- Giulio Marzi, Auxiliary Bishop of Ostia-Velletri (1693);
- Biagio Gambaro, Bishop of Telese o Cerreto Sannita (1693);
- Gerolamo Ventimiglia, Bishop of Lipari (1694);
- Alfonso Basilio Ghetaldo, Bishop of Ston (1694);
- Alexander Sforza, Titular Archbishop of Neocaesarea in Ponto (1695);
- Michelangelo dei Conti, Titular Archbishop of Tarsus (1695); and
- Innico Caracciolo, Bishop of Aversa (1697).
|Catholic Church titles|
Antonio Pignatelli del Rastrello
|Apostolic Nuncio to Poland
|Apostolic Nuncio to Spain
|Archbishop (Personal Title) of Tivoli
Antonio Fonseca (bishop)
- Catholic Hierarchy: "Galeazzo Cardinal Marescotti" retrieved January 13, 2016
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