Gaṇa sangha

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Gana-Sangha (equal assembly), or Gana-Rajya (equal government), refers to a type of republic or oligarchy in ancient India.

The gana sanghas were generally found on the periphery of the Indian kingdoms, and tended to occupy the higher ground.[1]

Their general make-up was either where they followed a single clan (e.g. Shakya), or a confederacy of clans (e.g. Koli).


  1. ^ Romila Thapar (2002). "Early India: From the Origins to AD 1300". Google Books. University of California. p. 147. Retrieved 28 October 2013.