||This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2014)
Coordinates: 42°41′26″N 21°07′25″E / 42.69056°N 21.12361°E
Gazimestan (Serbian: Газиместан, Serbian pronunciation: [ɡaziměstaːn]) is the name of a monument commemorating the historical Battle of Kosovo, situated about 6-7 kilometres southeast of the actual battlefield, known as Kosovo Field. The monument was designed by Aleksandar Deroko and built in 1953 under the authority of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. It is in the shape of a medieval tower. Gazimestan is reached from the Pristina-Mitrovica highway, on a 50 metre hill above the plain, ca. 5 km north-west from Pristina.
The name is a portmanteau derived from Arabic ghazi, meaning "hero" or "champion", and Serbian word mesto, meaning "place".
The monument was the location of the Gazimestan speech delivered by Slobodan Milošević on the 600th anniversary of that battle in 1989, which preceded a violent surge in nationalistic and ethnic tensions prior to the Breakup of Yugoslavia.
Inscribed on the monument is the "Kosovo curse" attributed to Prince Lazar:
- "Whoever is a Serb and of Serb birth
- And of Serb blood and heritage
- And comes not to the Battle of Kosovo,
- May he never have the progeny his heart desires!
- Neither son nor daughter
- May nothing grow that his hand sows!
- Neither dark wine nor white wheat
- And let him be cursed from all ages to all ages!"
This form of the curse first appeared in the 1845 edition of the collection of Serbian folk songs by Vuk Karadžić.
Kosovo Field, with disposition of Serbian and Ottoman troops before the Battle of Kosovo.
Serbian boys remembers the victims of the battle of Kosovo.
||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gazimestan.