Rudna Glava (archaeological site)

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Rudna Glava (Ore Head) is a mining site in present-day eastern Serbia that demonstrates one of the earliest evidences of European copper mining and metallurgy, dating to the 5th millennium BC.[1] Shafts were cut into the hillside, with scaffolding constructed for easy access to the veins of ore. It belongs to the Vinča culture,[2] as is shown by pottery-finds. In 1983, Rudna Glava was added to the Archaeological Sites of Exceptional Importance list, protected by Republic of Serbia.[3]

Another early mine is located at Ai Bunar near Stara Zagora in Bulgaria.

See also[edit]

Sources and external links[edit]


  1. ^ Giulio Morteani; Jeremy P. Northover (2013-06-29). Prehistoric Gold in Europe: Mines, Metallurgy and Manufacture. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 163–. ISBN 978-94-015-1292-3.
  2. ^ Tasić 1995, p. 157
  3. ^ Monuments of Culture in Serbia: Рудна Глава (SANU) (in Serbian) (in English)

Coordinates: 44°20′20″N 22°04′08″E / 44.339°N 22.069°E / 44.339; 22.069