Georges Carpentier

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Georges Carpentier
Georges Carpentier 1920.jpg
Statistics
Weight(s)Welterweight
Middleweight
Light Heavyweight
Heavyweight
Height5 ft 11+12 in (182 cm)[1]
NationalityFrench
BornJanuary 12, 1894[1]
Liévin, France
DiedOctober 28, 1975(1975-10-28) (aged 81)
Paris, France
StanceOrthodox
Boxing record
Total fights112
Wins89
Wins by KO57
Losses15
Draws6
No contests1

Georges Carpentier (French pronunciation: ​[ʒɔʁʒ kaʁ.pɑ̃ˈtje]; January 12, 1894 – October 28, 1975) was a French boxer, actor and World War I pilot.[2] He fought mainly as a light heavyweight and heavyweight in a career lasting from 1908 to 1926. Nicknamed the "Orchid Man",[1] he stood 5 feet 11+12 inches (182 cm) and his fighting weight ranged from 147 to 175 pounds (67 to 79 kg).[1] Carpentier was known for his speed, his excellent boxing skills and his extremely hard punch. The Parisian Sports Arena Halle Georges Carpentier is named after him.

Biography[edit]

Born in Liévin in Pas-de-Calais, Carpentier began his career by progressing up through the weight divisions, fighting in every division from welterweight upwards. After making his first professional bout at age 14, he was welterweight champion of France and of Europe in 1911, middleweight champion of Europe in 1912, and light heavyweight champion of Europe in 1913. On June 1, 1913, he beat "Bombardier" Billy Wells in Ghent, Belgium to become heavyweight champion of Europe. He defended his title in December against Wells, in January 1914 against Pat O'Keeffe and in London on July 16 he beat Ed "Gunboat" Smith to add the "White Heavyweight Champion of the World" to his European title. The white heavyweight title bout sported a purse worth 9,000 pounds sterling (equivalent to approximately $1,092,914 in today's funds[3]).

Carpentier was also a referee during the early stages of his career, supervising a number of fights including the world title bout between Jack Johnson and Frank Moran in June 1914. Carpentier was a French Air Force aviator during World War I and was awarded two of the highest French military honors, the Croix de Guerre and the Médaille Militaire. This served to heighten his already exceptional popularity, not only in France but in the United States and England as well.

Dempsey and Carpentier in the arena before the fight

Carpentier defended his title twice again in 1919 before dropping down a weight class to challenge Battling Levinsky for the light heavyweight championship of the world.[4] The fight took place on October 12, 1920, in Jersey City and Levinsky was knocked out in the fourth. Carpentier's attempt at the heavyweight Championship of the world came on July 2, 1921, again in Jersey City, when he faced Jack Dempsey in front of boxing's first million dollar gate (approximately $15,000,000 today). Carpentier was badly beaten around before suffering a knockout in the second minute of the fourth round. Carpentier never fought again for that title. He lost his world light heavyweight title and his European heavyweight and light heavyweight titles the following year, on September 24, 1922, in a controversial bout with Senegalese fighter Battling Siki. His last truly noteworthy fight was on July 24, 1924, with Gene Tunney at the Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York City. Carpentier lost the bout by TKO after fifteen rounds. He retired from the ring after a final exhibition bout in 1927.

In June 1921, cartoonist Tad Dorgan drew what he expected would occur in the Carpentier-Dempsey fight.

Following his retirement from boxing, Carpentier spent a number of years as a vaudeville song-and-dance man, mostly in England and the US. He is the author of a boxing novel, Brothers of the Brown Owl: A Story of the Boxing Ring published c. 1920 by Cassell and Company (being a volume in the uniform Cassell's Empire Library). He also appeared in half a dozen motion pictures, starring in both silent films and talkies. He made three films in Hollywood, one for director J. Stuart Blackton in England and two in his native France. His last screen appearance was in 1934. Soon after, he became proprietor of an upmarket bar, Chez Georges Carpentier, in a chic Paris neighborhood. In several different locations, this is the profession he would exercise until shortly before his death.

From the time they boxed together in 1921, Carpentier remained close friends with Jack Dempsey. They visited each other in New York and Paris, got together to commemorate the anniversary of their famous bout and exchanged birthday greetings.

Death[edit]

Carpentier died in Paris in 1975 of a heart attack, and was buried in the cimetière de Vaires-sur-Marne, Seine-et-Marne, France.[2]

Legacy[edit]

He was elected to the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1991.[5]

Selected filmography[edit]

Professional boxing record[edit]

Professional record summary
112 fights 89 wins 15 losses
By knockout 57 10
By decision 29 4
By disqualification 3 1
Draws 6
No contests 1
Newspaper decisions/draws 1

All newspaper decisions are officially regarded as “no decision” bouts and are not counted as a win, loss or draw.

No. Result Record Opponent Type Round Date Location Notes
112 Win 89–15–6 (2) United States Rocco Stramaglia KO 3 (12) Sep 15, 1926 United States Elks Gym, Coeur d'Alene, Idaho, U.S.
111 Win 88–15–6 (2) United States Jack Burke KO 2 (4) Jul 7, 1926 United States Denver, Colorado, U.S.
110 Loss 87–15–6 (2) United States Tommy Loughran UD 10 Jun 17, 1926 United States Sesquicentennial Stadium, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
109 Draw 87–14–6 (2) United States Eddie Huffman PTS 10 May 21, 1926 United States Madison Square Garden, New York City, New York, U.S.
108 Loss 87–14–5 (2) United States Gene Tunney TKO 15 (15) Jul 24, 1924 United States Polo Grounds, New York City, New York, U.S.
107 Loss 87–13–5 (2) United States Tommy Gibbons NWS 10 May 31, 1924 United States Floyd Fitzsimmons' Arena, Michigan City, Indiana, U.S.
106 Win 87–13–5 (1) United Kingdom Arthur Townley KO 2 (10) May 1, 1924 Australia Stadion Hohe Warte, Vienna, Austria
105 Win 86–13–5 (1) United Kingdom Joe Beckett KO 1 (20) Oct 1, 1923 United Kingdom Olympia, Kensington, London, England Won vacant IBU heavyweight title
104 Win 85–13–5 (1) France Marcel Nilles KO 8 (20) May 6, 1923 France Stade Buffalo, Montrouge, Hauts-de-Seine, France Won vacant France heavyweight title
103 Loss 84–13–5 (1) France Battling Siki KO 6 (20) Sep 24, 1922 France Stade Buffalo, Montrouge, Hauts-de-Seine, France Lost NBA, NYSAC, and IBU light-heavyweight titles
Lost IBU heavyweight title
102 Win 84–12–5 (1) United Kingdom Ted "Kid" Lewis KO 1 (20) May 11, 1922 United Kingdom Olympia, Kensington, London, England Retained NBA, NYSAC, and IBU light-heavyweight titles
101 Win 83–12–5 (1) Australia George Cook KO 4 (10) Jan 12, 1922 United Kingdom Royal Albert Hall, Kensington, London, England
100 Loss 82–12–5 (1) United States Jack Dempsey KO 4 (12) Jul 2, 1921 United States Boyle's Thirty Acres, Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S. For world and inaugural NBA heavyweight titles
99 Win 82–11–5 (1) United States Battling Levinsky KO 4 (12) Oct 12, 1920 United States Westside Ballpark, Jersey City, New Jersey, U.S. Won world and vacant NYSAC light-heavyweight titles
98 Win 81–11–5 (1) Belgium Georges Grundhoven KO 2 (15) Feb 21, 1920 France Palais du Soleil, Beausoleil, Alpes-Maritimes, France
97 Win 80–11–5 (1) United States Blink McCloskey KO 2 (15) Jan 10, 1920 France Alhambra, Bordeaux, Gironde, France
96 Win 79–11–5 (1) United Kingdom Joe Beckett KO 1 (20) Dec 4, 1919 United Kingdom Holborn Stadium, Holborn, London, England Retained IBU heavyweight title
95 Win 78–11–5 (1) France Jean Croissilles KO 2 (20) Sep 29, 1919 Spain Teatro Bellas Artes, San Sebastian, País Vasco, Spain
94 Win 77–11–5 (1) United States Dick Smith KO 8 (20) Jul 19, 1919 France Cirque de Paris, Paris, France Retained IBU light-heavyweight title
93 Win 76–11–5 (1) United States Kid Jackson DQ 4 (15) Jul 26, 1914 France Bordeaux, Gironde, France Jackson was disqualified for hitting low
92 Win 75–11–5 (1) United States Gunboat Smith DQ 6 (20) Jul 16, 1914 United Kingdom Olympia, Kensington, London, England Won vacant 'white' world heavyweight title
91 Win 74–11–5 (1) United States Battling Robinson KO 3 (?) Jun 14, 1914 France Place du Champ-de-Mars, Beziers, Hérault, France
90 Win 73–11–5 (1) France Hubert Roc KO 2 (12) May 31, 1914 France Hippodrome, Valenciennes, Nord, France
89 Win 72–11–5 (1) United Kingdom George Mitchell TKO 1 (6) Apr 14, 1914 France Salle Lerda, Paris, France
88 Win 71–11–5 (1) Canada Irish O'Mara KO 2 (15) Apr 13, 1914 France Blois, Loir-et-Cher, France
87 Loss 70–11–5 (1) United States Joe Jeannette PTS 15 Mar 21, 1914 France Luna Parc, Porte Maillot, Paris, France
86 Win 70–10–5 (1) United Kingdom Pat O'Keeffe KO 2 (15) Jan 19, 1914 France Eldorado-Casino, Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France
85 Win 69–10–5 (1) United Kingdom Bombardier Billy Wells KO 1 (20) Dec 8, 1913 United Kingdom National Sporting Club, Covent Garden, London, England Retained IBU heavyweight title
84 Win 68–10–5 (1) France Max Abbat KO 3 (12) Oct 31, 1913 Switzerland Kursaal de Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
83 Win 67–10–5 (1) United States Jeff Smith PTS 20 Oct 11, 1913 France Luna Park Arena, Paris, France
82 Win 66–10–5 (1) United Kingdom Ashley Williams KO 4 (12) Aug 6, 1913 France Casino-Kursaal, Vichy, Allier, France
81 Win 65–10–5 (1) France Albert Lurie TKO 3 (?) Jun 29, 1913 France Arènes de la Benatte, Bordeaux, Gironde, France
80 Win 64–10–5 (1) United Kingdom Bombardier Billy Wells KO 4 (20) Jun 1, 1913 Belgium Feestpaleis, Ghent, Oost-Vlaanderen, Belgium Won inaugural IBU heavyweight title
79 Win 63–10–5 (1) United States George Gunther PTS 15 Mar 17, 1913 France Eldorado-Casino, Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France
78 Win 62–10–5 (1) France Willy Schoot KO 2 (10) Mar 8, 1913 France Casino-Palace, Roubaix, Nord, France
77 Win 61–10–5 (1) United States Cyclone Smith KO 3 (20) Mar 1, 1913 France Eldorado-Casino, Nice, Alpes-Maritimes, France
76 Win 60–10–5 (1) United Kingdom Bandsman Dick Rice KO 2 (20) Feb 12, 1913 France Grand Hall des Magasins Généraux, Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, France Won inaugural IBU light-heavyweight title
75 Win 59–10–5 (1) France Marcel Moreau TKO 8 (20) Jan 8, 1913 France Grand Hall des Magasins Généraux, Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, France
74 Loss 58–10–5 (1) United States Billy Papke TKO 18 (20) Oct 23, 1912 France Grand Hall des Magasins Généraux, Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, France For world middlweight title claim
73 Loss 58–9–5 (1) United States Frank Klaus DQ 19 (20) Jun 24, 1912 France Grand Hall des Magasins Généraux, Dieppe, Seine-Maritime, France Lost world middleweight title claim
For world middleweight title
72 Win 58–8–5 (1) United States Willie Lewis PTS 20 May 22, 1912 France Cirque de Paris, Paris, France Retained IBU and world middleweight title claim
71 Win 57–8–5 (1) France Hubert Roc KO 6 (?) May 10, 1912 France Apollo-Théâtre, Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France
70 Win 56–8–5 (1) United States George Gunther PTS 20 Apr 3, 1912 France Cirque de Paris, Paris, France Retained IBU and world middleweight title claim
69 Win 55–8–5 (1) United Kingdom Jim Sullivan KO 2 (20) Feb 29, 1912 Monaco Stand de la Condamine, Monte Carlo, Monaco Retained world middlweight title claim
Won inaugural IBU middleweight title
68 Win 54–8–5 (1) United States Charles Bradley KO 2 (?) Jan 27, 1912 France Hippodrome Lillois, Lille, Nord, France
67 Win 53–8–5 (1) France Battling Lacroix TKO 6 (15) Jan 17, 1912 France Salle du Grand Skating-Rouennais, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France
66 Win 52–8–5 (1) France Battling Taylor KO 4 (?) Jan 13, 1912 France Hippodrome Lillois, Lille, Nord, France
65 Win 51–8–5 (1) United States Harry Lewis PTS 20 Dec 13, 1911 France Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
64 Win 50–8–5 (1) France Battling Lacroix KO 9 (15) Nov 25, 1911 France Hippodrome Lillois, Lille, Nord, France
63 Win 49–8–5 (1) United Kingdom Theo Gray KO 9 (?) Nov 17, 1911 France Boulogne-sur-Mer, Pas-de-Calais, France
62 Win 48–8–5 (1) United Kingdom Young Joseph RTD 10 (20) Oct 23, 1911 United Kingdom Empress Rink, Earl's Court, London, England Won inaugural IBU welterweight title
61 Win 47–8–5 (1) United Kingdom Sid Burns PTS 15 Oct 2, 1911 United Kingdom Empress Rink, Earl's Court, London, England
60 Loss 46–8–5 (1) United States Dixie Kid TKO 5 (15) Aug 19, 1911 France Trouville, Calvados, France
59 Win 46–7–5 (1) United Kingdom Arthur Evernden PTS 15 Aug 14, 1911 France Cabourg, Calvados, France
58 Win 45–7–5 (1) United Kingdom Jack Goldswain KO 4 (15) Jun 23, 1911 France Skating de la Rue Edinbourg, Paris, France
57 Win 44–7–5 (1) United States Robert Eustache TKO 16 (20) Jun 10, 1911 France Cirque de Paris, Paris, France Won vacant France welterweight title
56 Win 43–7–5 (1) United States Frank Loughrey PTS 15 May 20, 1911 France Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
55 Win 42–7–5 (1) France Henri Marchand KO 6 (15) Apr 23, 1911 France Arras, Pas-de-Calais, France
54 Win 41–7–5 (1) United Kingdom George Colbourne PTS 10 Apr 8, 1911 Belgium Palais Baudouin, Brussels, Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
53 Win 40–7–5 (1) United Kingdom Sid Stagg PTS 10 Apr 1, 1911 France Franco-American Skating Rink, Roubaix, Nord, France
52 Win 39–7–5 (1) United Kingdom Jack Meekins PTS 10 Mar 25, 1911 France Wonderland, Paris, France
51 Win 38–7–5 (1) France Henri Marchand KO 6 (?) Mar 15, 1911 Belgium Liege, Belgium
50 Win 37–7–5 (1) France Harry Staessens KO 1 (10) Mar 12, 1911 France Théâtre des Associations, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
49 Win 36–7–5 (1) United Kingdom Young Nipper PTS 8 Mar 1, 1911 France Hippodrome, Paris, Paris, France
48 Loss 35–7–5 (1) France Henri Piet PTS 10 Jan 27, 1911 France Cirque de Paris, Paris, France
47 Win 35–6–5 (1) United Kingdom George Randall KO 5 (15) Jan 14, 1911 France Wonderland, Paris, France
46 Win 34–6–5 (1) France Edouard Brochet KO 7 (15) Jan 8, 1911 France Théâtre des Associations, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
45 Win 33–6–5 (1) United Kingdom Jack Daniels PTS 10 Dec 17, 1910 France Wonderland, Paris, France
44 Win 32–6–5 (1) Belgium Henri Demlen PTS 10 Dec 3, 1910 Belgium Theatre Lyrique, Schaerbeek, Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
43 Win 31–6–5 (1) United Kingdom George Randall TKO 10 (10) Nov 19, 1910 France Wonderland, Paris, France
42 Win 30–6–5 (1) United Kingdom Young Williams KO 7 (?) Nov 6, 1910 France Arras, Pas-de-Calais, France
41 Win 29–6–5 (1) United Kingdom Jim Campbell KO 5 (10) Oct 22, 1910 France Wonderland, Paris, France
40 Win 28–6–5 (1) United Kingdom Percy Wilson PTS 10 Oct 15, 1910 France Wonderland, Paris, France
39 Draw 27–6–5 (1) France Jean Audouy PTS 10 Oct 8, 1910 Belgium Theatre Lyrique, Schaerbeek, Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
38 Win 27–6–4 (1) France Fernand Cuny TKO 8 (?) Aug 13, 1910 France Cabourg, Calvados, France
37 Win 26–6–4 (1) France Hubert Baelen KO 2 (?) Jul 17, 1910 France Lille, Nord, France
36 Draw 25–6–4 (1) France Paul Til PTS 15 Jul 8, 1910 France Pepiniere, Paris, France
35 Win 25–6–3 (1) France Louis Achille KO 6 (10) Jun 11, 1910 France Salon de l'Alcazar, Lievin, Pas-de-Calais, France
34 Loss 24–6–3 (1) France Fernand Cuny TKO 13 (?) Apr 16, 1910 France Bordeaux, Gironde, France
33 Loss 24–5–3 (1) United Kingdom Ted Broadribb TKO 4 (?) Apr 9, 1910 France Wonderland, Paris, France
32 Win 24–4–3 (1) France Georges Gloria KO 8 (?) Apr 3, 1910 France Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
31 Win 23–4–3 (1) France Fernand Cuny PTS 10 Mar 26, 1910 France Nouvel-Alcazar, Lyon, Rhône, France
30 Win 22–4–3 (1) France Louis Achille KO 5 (10) Mar 20, 1910 France Hippodrome Municipal, Douai, Nord, France
29 Loss 21–4–3 (1) United Kingdom Buck Shine PTS 10 Mar 12, 1910 Belgium Palais Baudouin, Brussels, Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
28 Win 21–3–3 (1) United Kingdom Wally Pickard KO 8 (10) Feb 5, 1910 Belgium Palais Baudouin, Brussels, Bruxelles-Capitale, Belgium
27 NC 20–3–3 (1) France Paul Til NC 8 (15) Jan 14, 1910 France Élysée Montmartre, Paris, France No decision was given after an accidental clash of heads left Til unable to continue
26 Win 20–3–3 France Georges Gaillard PTS 10 Jan 8, 1910 France Théâtre des Associations, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
25 Win 19–3–3 United Kingdom Young Warner DQ 7 (10) Jan 5, 1910 France Tivoli Boxing-Hall, Paris, France
24 Win 18–3–3 France Paul Til PTS 10 Dec 22, 1909 France Tivoli Boxing-Hall, Paris, France
23 Win 17–3–3 France Georges Gaillard PTS 6 Dec 8, 1909 France Tivoli Boxing-Hall, Paris, France
22 Loss 16–3–3 France Paul Til TKO 8 (20) Nov 27, 1909 France Hippodrome Lillois, Lille, Nord, France For vacant France bantamweight title
21 Win 16–2–3 France Charles Ledoux PTS 15 Nov 24, 1909 France Tivoli Boxing-Hall, Paris, France
20 Win 15–2–3 France Joseph Lampin KO 7 (?) Nov 8, 1909 France Henin-Beaumont, Pas-de-Calais, France
19 Win 14–2–3 France Lucien Dorgueille PTS 10 Oct 23, 1909 France Wonderland, Paris, France
18 Draw 13–2–3 France Paul Til PTS 10 Oct 16, 1909 France Hippodrome Lillois, Lille, Nord, France For vacant France bantamweight title
17 Win 13–2–2 France Omer Hellebout TKO 5 (10) Oct 11, 1909 France Salle Desruelles, Roubaix, Nord, France
16 Win 12–2–2 France Joseph Lampin KO 5 (10) Aug 28, 1909 France Théâtre du Café Dubois, Denain, Nord, France
15 Win 11–2–2 France Lucien Dorgueille KO 11 (15) Aug 21, 1909 France Salle Beudaert, Lille, Nord, France
14 Win 10–2–2 France Emile Wetinck KO 1 (?) Jun 26, 1909 France Lille, Nord, France
13 Win 9–2–2 France Joseph Lampin KO 10 (10) May 20, 1909 France Valenciennes, Nord, France
12 Win 8–2–2 France Auguste Relinger PTS 6 May 17, 1909 France Hippodrome-Théâtre, Roubaix, Nord, France
11 Win 7–2–2 France F Cheveau PTS 6 Apr 25, 1909 France Vélodrome Roubaisien, Roubaix, Nord, France
10 Win 6–2–2 France Achalme PTS 10 Mar 18, 1909 France Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
9 Draw 5–2–2 France Charles Legrand PTS 20 Feb 28, 1909 France Théâtre des Associations, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
8 Win 5–2–1 France Gaston Simon PTS 10 Feb 25, 1909 France Paris, France
7 Loss 4–2–1 France Georges Gloria KO 6 (?) Feb 19, 1909 France Paris, France
6 Win 4–1–1 France Charles Legrand PTS 15 Jan 10, 1909 France Théâtre des Associations, Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
5 Draw 3–1–1 France Charles Legrand PTS 6 Dec 5, 1908 France Bethune, Pas-de-Calais, France
4 Win 3–1 France Gaston Simon PTS 6 Dec 3, 1908 France Tivoli Boxing-Hall, Paris, France
3 Win 2–1 France Louis Lépine PTS 6 Dec 3, 1908 France Tivoli Boxing-Hall, Paris, France
2 Loss 1–1 France Ed Salmon TKO 18 (20) Nov 30, 1908 France Cafe de Paris, Maisons-Lafitte, Val-de-Marne, France
1 Win 1–0 France Ed Salmon DQ 13 (20) Nov 1, 1908 France Cafe de Paris, Maisons-Lafitte, Val-de-Marne, France

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d James B. Roberts & Alexander G. Skutt (2006). The Boxing Register: International Boxing Hall of Fame Official Record Book. USA: McBooks Press. p. 83. ISBN 9781590131213. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  2. ^ a b Radosta, John S. (October 29, 1975). "Georges Carpentier, Boxer, Dies in Paris; He Fought Dempsey at Boyle's Thirty Acres in 1921". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-16. Georges Carpentier, who lost on a fourth-round knockout to Jack Dempsey in boxing's first $1million gate, died last night of a heart attack. He was 81 years old.
  3. ^ 1634 to 1699: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How Much Is That in Real Money? A Historical Price Index for Use as a Deflator of Money Values in the Economy ofthe United States: Addenda et Corrigenda (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1700-1799: McCusker, J. J. (1992). How much is that in real money?: a historical price index for use as a deflator of money values in the economy of the United States (PDF). American Antiquarian Society. 1800–present: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Retrieved January 1, 2020.
  4. ^ "The Lineal Light Heavyweight Champions". The Cyber Boxing Zone Encyclopedia.
  5. ^ John Grasso (2014). Historical Dictionary of Boxing. USA: Scarecrow Press. p. 89. ISBN 9780810878679. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
Achievements
Regional boxing titles
New title European Light Heavyweight Champion
12 February 1913 – 24 September 1922
Succeeded by
Battling Siki
World boxing titles
Preceded by
World Light Heavyweight Champion
12 October 1920 – 24 September 1922
Succeeded by
Titles in pretence
Vacant World Middleweight Champion
29 February 1912 - 24 June 1912
claim unified by
Frank Klaus
Preceded by
World White Heavyweight Champion
16 July 1914 - 5 April 1915
Title defunct when
Jess Willard
wins World Championship

External links[edit]