German submarine U-141 (1940)

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For other ships with the same name, see German submarine U-141.
History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-141
Ordered: 25 September 1939
Builder: Deutsche Werke, Kiel
Laid down: 20 November 1939
Launched: 12 December 1940
Commissioned: 21 August 1940
Fate: Scuttled on 2 May 1945 at Wilhelmshaven
General characteristics
Class and type: IID
Type: Coastal submarine
Displacement:
  • 314 t (309 long tons) surfaced
  • 364 t (358 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 4.92 m (16 ft 2 in) (o/a)
  • 4.00 m (13 ft 1 in) (pressure hull)
Height: 8.40 m (27 ft 7 in)
Draught: 3.93 m (12 ft 11 in)
Installed power:
  • 700 PS (510 kW; 690 bhp) (diesels)
  • 410 PS (300 kW; 400 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Range:
  • 3,450 nmi (6,390 km; 3,970 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph) surfaced
  • 56 nmi (104 km; 64 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Complement: 3 officers, 22 men
Armament:
Service record[1][2]
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Heinz-Otto Schultze
  • 21 August - 30 March 1941
  • Oblt.z.S. Philip Schüler
  • 31 March - 15 June 1941
  • Oblt.z.S. Jürgen Kruger
  • 30 November 1941 - 15 June 1942
  • Oblt.z.S. Günther Möller
  • 16 June 1942 - 15 February 1943
  • Dietrich Rauch
  • 16 February - 28 July 1943
  • Oblt.z.S. Bernhard Luttmann
  • 29 July 1943 - 6 November 1944
  • Oblt.z.S. Heinrich-Dietrich Hoffmann
  • 7 November 1944 - 2 February 1945
Operations:
  • 1st patrol: 29 April - 11 May 1941
  • 2nd patrol: 31 May - 26 June 1941
  • 3rd patrol: 14 July - 1 August 1941
  • 4th patrol: 18 August - 18 September 1941
Victories: four ships sunk, one ship damaged

German submarine U-141 was a Type IID U-boat of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine during World War II. Her keel was laid down on 12 December 1939 by Deutsche Werke in Kiel as yard number 270. She was launched on 27 July 1940 and commissioned on 21 August 1940 with Oberleutnant zur See Heinz-Otto Schultze in command.

U-141 began her service life with the 1st U-boat Flotilla. She was then assigned to the 3rd flotilla and subsequently to the 21st flotilla where she conducted four patrols, sinking four ships and damaging another, between May and September 1941. She spent the rest of the war as a training vessel, moving over to the 31st flotilla.

She was scuttled in May 1945.

Design[edit]

German Type IID submarines were enlarged versions of the original Type IIs. U-141 had a displacement of 314 tonnes (309 long tons) when at the surface and 364 tonnes (358 long tons) while submerged. Officially, the standard tonnage was 250 long tons (250 t), however.[3] The U-boat had a total length of 43.97 m (144 ft 3 in), a pressure hull length of 29.80 m (97 ft 9 in), a beam of 4.92 m (16 ft 2 in), a height of 8.40 m (27 ft 7 in), and a draught of 3.93 m (12 ft 11 in). The submarine was powered by two MWM RS 127 S four-stroke, six-cylinder diesel engines of 700 metric horsepower (510 kW; 690 shp) for cruising, two Siemens-Schuckert PG VV 322/36 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 410 metric horsepower (300 kW; 400 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 0.85 m (3 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 80–150 metres (260–490 ft).[3]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 12.7 knots (23.5 km/h; 14.6 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.4 knots (13.7 km/h; 8.5 mph).[3] When submerged, the boat could operate for 35–42 nautical miles (65–78 km; 40–48 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 3,800 nautical miles (7,000 km; 4,400 mi) at 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph). U-141 was fitted with three 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes at the bow, five torpedoes or up to twelve Type A torpedo mines, and a 2 cm (0.79 in) anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of 25.[3]

Operational career[edit]

The U-boat began her operational career with a trip from Kiel to Bergen in Norway in April 1941.

1st patrol[edit]

The submarine's first patrol commenced with her departure from Bergen on 29 April 1941. Her destination was Lorient in occupied France which she reached, having crossed the North Sea and made her way north of the Faroe Islands, on 11 May. During the voyage, she was unsuccessfully attacked by a Lockheed Hudson of No. 269 Squadron RAF west of the Outer Hebrides.

2nd patrol[edit]

She sank Calabria on 22 June 1941 about 100 nmi (190 km; 120 mi) northwest of the Inishull Lightship (Ireland).

3rd patrol[edit]

She damaged Atlantic City and sank Botney on 26 July 1941, west of Bloody Foreland, (also in Ireland).

4th patrol[edit]

U-141's last sortie took her north of Northern Ireland where she sank Jarlinn and King Erik in September 1941.

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Date Ship Nationality Tonnage (GRT) Fate[4]
22 June 1941 Calabria  Sweden 1,277 Sunk
26 July 1941 Atlantic City  United Kingdom 5,133 Damaged
26 July 1941 Botwey  United Kingdom 5,106 Sunk
5 September 1941 Jarlinn  Iceland 190 Sunk
6 September 1941 King Erik  United Kingdom 228 Sunk

References[edit]

  1. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IID boat U-141". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  2. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "War Patrols by German U-boat U-141". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gröner 1991, pp. 39–40.
  4. ^ Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-141". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German) IV (Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler). ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. 
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel (London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-593-4. 

External links[edit]

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type IID boat U-141". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 6 December 2014. 
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 141". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 30 January 2015.