Giant Wild Goose Pagoda

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Giant Wild Goose Pagoda
UNESCO World Heritage site
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda.jpg
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda
Official nameR06–CN Great Wild Goose Pagoda
LocationXi'an, Yanta District, Shaanxi, China
Part ofSilk Roads: the Routes Network of Chang'an-Tianshan Corridor
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iii), (v), (vi)
Reference1442
Inscription2014 (38th Session)
Coordinates34°13′11″N 108°57′34″E / 34.219842°N 108.959354°E / 34.219842; 108.959354Coordinates: 34°13′11″N 108°57′34″E / 34.219842°N 108.959354°E / 34.219842; 108.959354
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda is located in China
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda
Location of Giant Wild Goose Pagoda in China
Giant Wild Goose Pagoda
Big Goose Pagoda (Chinese characters).svg
"Large Wild Goose Pagoda" in Chinese characters
Chinese大雁塔

Giant Wild Goose Pagoda or Big Wild Goose Pagoda (Chinese: 大雁塔; pinyin: Dàyàn tǎ), is a Buddhist pagoda located in southern Xi'an, Shaanxi province, China. It was built in 652 during the Tang dynasty and originally had five stories. The structure was rebuilt in 704 during the reign of Empress Wu Zetian, and its exterior brick facade was renovated during the Ming dynasty. One of the pagoda's many functions was to hold sutras and figurines of the Buddha that were brought to China from India by the Buddhist translator and traveler Xuanzang. Today, the interior walls of the pagoda feature engraved statues of Buddha by the renowned artist Yan Liben.

Surroundings and history[edit]

The original pagoda was built during the reign of Emperor Gaozong of Tang (r. 649–683), then standing at a height of 60 m (177 ft).[1] This construction of rammed earth with a stone exterior facade collapsed five decades later. The ruling Empress Wu Zetian had the pagoda rebuilt and added five new stories by the year 704.

A massive earthquake in 1556 heavily damaged the pagoda and reduced it by three stories, to its current height of seven stories.[2]

The structure leans very perceptibly (several degrees) to the west. Its related structure, the 8th century Small Wild Goose Pagoda in Xi'an, only suffered minor damage in the 1556 earthquake (unrepaired to this day).[2] The Giant Wild Goose Pagoda was extensively repaired during the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) and renovated again in 1964. The pagoda currently stands at a height of 64 m (210 ft) tall and from the top it offers views over the city of Xi'an.

The tower sits inside the Daci'en Temple complex ("mercy and kindness"). The Daci'en Temple was built in 648 to honor the queen at that time. The temple complex is open to the public and it receives millions of tourists each year. It can be accessed from the Da Yan Ta station of line 3 of the Xi'an Metro. One entrance is located at the northeast corner of the north plaza. A new entrance will open later this year[when?] at the northwest corner of the north plaza.

This site was added to the World Heritage List on June 22, 2014.

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, 185.
  2. ^ a b Ingles (1982), 144.

References[edit]

  • Benn, Charles (2002). China's Golden Age: Everyday Life in the Tang Dynasty. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Ingles, O.G. "Impressions of a Civil Engineer in China," The Australian Journal of Chinese Affairs (Number 7, 1982): 141–150.
  • Heng Chye Kiang. (1999). Cities of Aristocrats and Bureaucrats: The Development of Medieval Chinese Cityscapes. Singapore: Singapore University Press. ISBN 9971-69-223-6.
  • Watson, William. (2000). The Arts of China to A.D. 900. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-08284-3.

External Links[edit]