Gladmar, Saskatchewan

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Gladmar
Unincorporated
Coordinates: 49°07′59″N 104°27′40″W / 49.133°N 104.461°W / 49.133; -104.461
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Region Saskatchewan
Census division 2
Rural Municipality Surprise Valley
Post office founded N/A
Incorporated (village) N/A
Dissolved[1] December 31, 2013
Government
 • Mayor Dale Ehrhardt
 • Administrator Randy Hoimyr
Area
 • Total 0.55 km2 (0.21 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 53
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code S0C 1A0
Area code(s) 306
Highways Highway
[2][3][4][5]

Gladmar is a dissolved village in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of Highway 18 as it runs east from Highway 6 towards Lake Alma. Gladmar is approximately 18.4 kilometres (11.4 mi) north of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States. It dissolved from village status to become part of the Rural Municipality of Surprise Valley No. 9 on December 31, 2013.[1]

Gladmar is one of two urban communities within the rural municipality, the other one being the village of Minton. The area was settled around the turn of the 20th century, a period when a large number of Norwegians migrated into Saskatchewan from older settlements in the northern United States. As a result, Norwegian-Canadians still represent a substantial proportion of the population in the area today.[6]

History (1909–1948)[edit]

The original village of Gladmar was founded a few miles north of its present location in 1909.*

Among the early settlers was J.E. Black who named the settlement Gladmar after his son Gladstone and his daughter Margaret.*

In 1910 the Eidness Brothers obtained a coal lease on land in the Gladmar area from the government, with an annual rent of $1.00 per acre. [7] The first coal from Gladmar Mine was brought out in 1910, on a stone-boat pulled by oxen. The price of coal was $1.75 per ton.* The mine was later sold to the Culberts and then to Ole Ekimo and Lorentz Petterson.*

In 1911 Mrs. J. E. Black was established as the settlement's first postmaster and the first mail was brought to Gladmar by Lars Lunde on skis from a small school halfway to Radville.*

In 1912 the first General Store was built by the Eidness brothers and the first church service was conducted by Mr. Hoffman in a new 14' by 18' (4.2 x 5.5 m) building in August 1912.*

The settlement began organizing a rural municipality and school district in 1912. This resulted in the rural municipality of Surprise Valley being created with Tom Warren as Reeve, J. E Black as councilor and Tom Black as secretary.*

In 1913 Violet Hammond was the first teacher of Gladmar's first School. It was located a few miles out of town and served Gladmar and the surrounding area.* This one-room school's official name was Ryeburn Valley and it was established within School District #4264.[8]

The first recorded burial in the community-operated Gladmar Cemetery was in 1916.[9]

In 1922 the Gladmar Hall was built and it was then regularly used for community gatherings.*

The Canadian Pacific Railway reached Lake Alma in 1926 and Minton in 1929. Olaf Eidness loaded the first car of wheat in Gladmar. Grain elevators were built in Gladmar by Pool in 1929, and by Parish & Heimbecker in 1930. *

In 1944 a hospital was constructed to serve Gladmar and the municipalities of Surprise Valley and Lake Alma.*

In 1948 a new school was built within the town limits and the first teachers were Mrs. J. Ferguson and Mrs. John Onstad.*

  • Historical data are from "History of Gladmar", which was compiled by the Gladmar Community Club in 1955.[10] This was later republished within the book "Homesteading in Surprise Valley" also by the Gladmar Community Club in 1970.[11][12]

History (1949–present)[edit]

Geology[edit]

The area surrounding Gladmar consists of rolling hills and valleys which flatten out into Salt lakes to the east.[13] Gladmar is situated in the southern tip of Canada's grain belt, and due to a generally dry climate, soil erosion from strong gusting winds and rivers has long been a concern in the region.[14] The area's natural resources include deposits of sodium sulphate and potassium sulphate, scattered oil pools, coal fields, and potash & salt resources.[15]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The plant life surrounding Gladmar consists of shortgrass prairie species.[16] These species grow in the driest parts of North America's grasslands and usually consist of a single plant layer made up mostly of shallow-rooted bunch grasses that grow between 12 and 18 inches (30 to 46 cm) high.[17]

Some plant species indigenous to the area include western wheatgrass (Pascopyrum smithii), snowberry (Symphoricarpos), and silver sage.[18]

Animal species that can be found in the area include: golden eagle, pronghorn, prairie rattlesnake (Crotalus viridis), sage grouse (Centrocercus), prairie falcons, bobcats, and porcupines.[18]

Local fish in the area include: lake trout, walleye, northern pike, and Arctic grayling.[18]

Attractions[edit]

Gladmar has a two-lane bowling alley, a cooperative grocery store, and a local Citizens Club.[19]

The Gladmar Regional High School has a gymnasium.[20] Notable alumnus Andrew Walker (Sportscaster) currently hosts The Andrew Walker show on Sportsnet 590 The Fan, broadcast out of Toronto weekdays between 1 and 4 PM Eastern time.[21]

Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Gladmar, Saskatchewan community profile
2006
Population: 53 (17.8% from 2001)
Land area: 0.55 km2 (0.21 sq mi)
Population density: 97.1/km2 (251/sq mi)
Median age: 33.0 (M: 41.5, F: 30.5)
Total private dwellings: 30
Median household income: $Not Available
References: 2006[22] earlier[23]

Military history [11][24][edit]

Citizens of Gladmar answered the call and served for their country in each of the World Wars.

The names of those who served are listed below.

World War I:
  • David Fettes
  • William Speerin
  • Gordon Ball
  • William Sanderson
  • Alby Barnes
  • Sid Watland
  • Bert Eidness
  • Raymond VanDerkerhave
  • J. Delpaere (made the supreme sacrifice)
World War II:
  • Yvonne Vigoureux
  • Vivian Fettes
  • Arthur Ehrhardt
  • Gerald Muxlow
  • Tom Waldron
  • Melvin Nelson

Education[edit]

Gladmar Regional School which operates within the South East Cornerstone School Division is located in Gladmar. The school teaches students from Kindergarten to Grade 12 and enrollment as of September 30, 2006 was 111 students.[25]

Employment[edit]

Farming and ranching[edit]

The majority of work within Gladmar and the surrounding area takes place on family-owned farms and ranches.

Major crops in the area include barley, canola, durum, flax seed, oats, spring wheat, and winter wheat, with the most seeded acres dedicated to durum and spring wheat.[26]

Local ranches raise various breeds of beef cattle.[27]

Industry[edit]

In the town's early beginnings many of its citizens were employed by the town's coal mine.[28]

After the coal mine was closed many people were employed at the sodium sulphate plant outside of town. It was eventually purchased by Saskatchewan Minerals in 1981 only to be closed in 1984 in response to a shift in market conditions.[29]

At present, there is an oilfield owned and operated by Northrock Resources Ltd. to the southeast of Gladmar[30] and a Class II Industrial Oilfield Waste Disposal Facility operated by GAP Disposal 2001 Ltd. to the South.[31]

Some five trucking companies operate out of the Gladmar area servicing the surrounding region's agriculture and oil sectors.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "The Saskatchewan Gazette: Part I: Volume 109" (PDF) (PDF). Government of Saskatchewan. November 29, 2013. pp. 2430–2432. Retrieved April 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Archived from the original on 2006-10-06. 
  3. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System". Archived from the original (–Scholar search) on November 21, 2008. 
  4. ^ Canadian Textiles Institute (2005). "CTI Determine your provincial constituency". Archived from the original on 2007-09-11. 
  5. ^ Commissioner of Canada Elections, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada (2005). "Elections Canada On-line". Archived from the original on 2007-04-21. 
  6. ^ http://esask.uregina.ca/entry/norwegian_settlements.html
  7. ^ http://gent-family.com/Bienfait/listofcoalmines.html List of Canadian Coal Mines
  8. ^ http://www.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cansk/school/Number/4000-4500.html Canadian School List
  9. ^ http://www.saskgenealogy.com/cemetery/cem_rmname.asp Saskatchewan Genealogy website/cemetery listing
  10. ^ History of Gladmar. Gladmar Community Club. 1955. 
  11. ^ a b Henderson, Alice; Nick Stefan (1970). Homesteading in Surprise Valley. North Battleford: Gladmar Community Club. 
  12. ^ Our Roots website
  13. ^ http://www.southeastreda.com/RMSurprisevalley.html REDA.COM
  14. ^ http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0007154 The Canadian Encyclopedia
  15. ^ http://www.ir.gov.sk.ca/resourcemap Government Resource Map
  16. ^ [1] The Canadian Encyclopedia
  17. ^ [2] Radford website
  18. ^ a b c [3] Nation's Encyclopedia
  19. ^ [4] Saskatchewan Business website
  20. ^ [5] Saskatchewan Business
  21. ^ on air discussions, CKFN broadcast on 590 AM out of Toronto between the hours of 2:15 and 2:30PM, July 18, 2017.
  22. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  23. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 
  24. ^ http://www.ourroots.ca/toc.aspx?id=1098&qryID=6f6a5f38-b80e-48ed-96be-7909354700ff
  25. ^ [6] Saskatchewan Education profile
  26. ^ [7] Saskatchewan Business
  27. ^ [8] Saskatchewan Business
  28. ^ History of Gladmar. Gladmar Community Club. 1955. 
  29. ^ [9] ESASK.UREGINA.CA
  30. ^ [10] Saskatchewan Business
  31. ^ [11] WCAR.ORG
  32. ^ [12] Saskatchewan Business

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°07′59″N 104°27′40″W / 49.133°N 104.461°W / 49.133; -104.461