Glauce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

In Greek mythology, Glauce (/ˈɡlɔːs/; Ancient Greek: Γλαυκή "blue-gray" or "gleaming"), Latin Glauca, refers to different people:

  • Glauce, twin sister of Pluto who died as an infant according to Euhemerus.[1]
  • Glauce, an Arcadian nymph, one of the nurses of Zeus.[2]
  • Glauce, one of the Nereids.[3][4][5]
  • Glauce, one of the Melian nymphs.[6]
  • Glauce, mother, by Upis, of "the third" Artemis in Cicero's rationalized genealogy of the Greek gods.[7]
  • Glauce, one of the Danaïdes, daughter of Danaus. She married Alces, son of Aegyptus and an Arabian woman.[8]
  • Glauce, daughter of Creon. She married Jason. She was killed, along with her father, by Medea, who either sent her a peplos steeped in flammable poison or set fire to the royal palace.[9][10] In the local Corinthian tradition, Glauce threw herself into a well in a vain attempt to wash off Medea's poison; from this circumstance the well became known as the Well of Glauce.[11] Also known by the name Creusa, predominantly in Latin authors, e.g. Seneca (Medea) and Propertius (2.16.30). Hyginus (Fab. 25) uses both names interchangeably. In Cherubini's opera Medea she is known as Dircé.
  • Glauce, an Amazon.[12] Some say that it was she, and not Antiope, who was abducted by Theseus and became his wife.[13][14]
  • Glauce, daughter of Cychreus, son of Poseidon and Salamis. Some sources say that Glauce married Actaeus and bore him a son Telamon.[15] Others say that Telamon was her husband and that, after her death, he married Periboea, mother of Ajax.[16]
  • Glauce, daughter of Cycnus, sister of Cobis and Corianus. During the Trojan campaign, she was taken captive by the Greeks and was given to Ajax,[17] by whom she became mother of Aeantides.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lactantius, Institutiones Divinae, 1. 14. 5, citing Ennius
  2. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 8. 47. 3
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad, 18. 39
  4. ^ Hesiod, Theogony, 244
  5. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, Preface
  6. ^ Tzetzes on Theogony, 101
  7. ^ Cicero, De natura deorum, 3. 23
  8. ^ Bibliotheca 2. 1. 5
  9. ^ Bibliotheca 1. 9. 28
  10. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 54. 2 - 6
  11. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 3. 6
  12. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 163
  13. ^ Bibliotheca, Epitome of Book 4, 5. 2
  14. ^ Scholia on Iliad, 3. 189
  15. ^ Bibliotheca 3. 12. 6 with reference to Pherecydes
  16. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Library of History, 4. 72. 7
  17. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 2. 13
  18. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 5. 16