Gravette, Arkansas

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Gravette, Arkansas
This historic Kansas City Southern Railway Caboose No. 383 pays homage to the importance of the railroad to Gravette's economy and history.
This historic Kansas City Southern Railway Caboose No. 383 pays homage to the importance of the railroad to Gravette's economy and history.
Location of Gravette in Benton County, Arkansas.
Location of Gravette in Benton County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°25′12″N 94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250Coordinates: 36°25′12″N 94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250
CountryUnited States
StateArkansas
CountyBenton
Area
 • Total15.28 sq mi (39.57 km2)
 • Land15.28 sq mi (39.57 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation1,217 ft (371 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,547
 • Density232.16/sq mi (89.64/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
72736
Area code(s)479
FIPS code05-28360
GNIS feature ID0077061[2]
Websitewww.cityofgravette-ar.gov

Gravette /ˈɡrævɪt/[3] is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population is 3,547 according to the 2020 census.[4] The population was 2,325 at the 2010 census.[5] It is part of the FayettevilleSpringdaleRogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Gravette is located in northwestern Benton County, Arkansas at 36°25′12″N 94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250 (36.419962, -94.452584).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, as of 2010 the city had a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2), all land.[5] In 2012, the nearby unincorporated community of Hiwasse was facing annexation by the city of Bella Vista. The majority of people within Hiwasse were opposed and chose to be annexed by Gravette instead. The annexation increased Gravette’s total area to 15.33 sq mi (39.7 km2).[7]

Gravette city limits are situated approximately 3-miles west[8] of Bentonville, Arkansas, the Benton County, Arkansas seat, and 105 miles (169 km) east of Tulsa, Oklahoma, 41 miles (66 km) northwest of Fayetteville, and approximately 60 miles south of Joplin, MO. Several major highways and interstates[9] run through Gravette, including Arkansas highways 72, 59, and 279 and Interstate 49 which has several exits in Gravette.

Early history[edit]

The historic Kindley House was built in 1873 and added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1988.[10]

The original name of the first European-American settlement at this location was Nebo.[11] The Nebo area is now referred to as Old Town in Chalk Valley and was the earliest pioneer settlement of the community. The settlement was platted in the 1870s by Joseph P. Covey, who relocated to Southwest City, Missouri, in 1881. Ellis Tillman Gravett opened the Chalk Valley Distillery in Nebo and was also the proprietor of a general merchandise store. In 1891, he moved that store west out of the valley to what is now downtown Gravette. Gravette was incorporated on January 27, 1899. By 1910 the population of Gravette amounted to 569.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900447
191056927.3%
192075432.5%
19308127.7%
19408656.5%
19508943.4%
1960855−4.4%
19701,15435.0%
19801,2185.5%
19901,41215.9%
20001,81028.2%
20102,32528.5%
20203,54752.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

2020 census[edit]

Gravette racial composition[13]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 2,865 80.77%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 18 0.51%
Native American 110 3.1%
Asian 24 0.68%
Pacific Islander 3 0.08%
Other/Mixed 282 7.95%
Hispanic or Latino 245 6.91%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,547 people, 1,305 households, and 884 families residing in the city.

2010 census[edit]

As of 2010 Gravette had a population of 2,325, with an estimated 1,418 housing units with a majority being occupied. The median household income is estimated at $46,275. Approximately 16.3% of the population has obtained a bachelor's degree or higher.. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 87.8% non-Hispanic white, 0.6% black or African American, 3.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 4.1% from two or more races and 4.0% Hispanic or Latino.[14]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 1,810 people, 697 households, and 471 families residing in the city. The population density was 775.1 inhabitants per square mile (299.3/km2). There were 773 housing units at an average density of 331.0 per square mile (127.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.87% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 2.10% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 1.05% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 697 households, out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,881, and the median income for a family was $34,844. Males had a median income of $28,571 versus $18,906 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,241. About 11.5% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

R & R Solutions, a packaging and logistics company[16] is one of the largest employers in Gravette. Two plastics production companies, Hendren Plastics[17] and Insul-Bead,[18] are located in Gravette and produce a variety of products, most notably dock floatation devices that are shipped nationwide.[19]

Healthcare[edit]

Ozarks Community Hospital is headquartered in Gravette and has a hospital and healthcare clinic in town.[20][21]

The Gravette Fire Department runs an ALS ambulance service in the city limits. The department is staffed full-time with paramedics and EMTs.[22]

Education[edit]

Public education is provided by the Gravette School District, which operates Gravette High School and the Bentonville School District, which operates Bentonville High School

Parks and Trail System[edit]

Gravette has eight parks throughout the city and two walk-bike trails. The city has three community buildings.

Hiwasse Park playground.jpg

Old Town Park[23] features a playground, 9-hole disc golf course, large pavilion, and a shaded, fenced playground area specifically for toddlers. The farmer's market is a seasonal attraction that sets up at Old Town Park and features locally grown produce, meats, and goods. The Gravette skate park is a small skate park adjacent to Pop Allum Park and features quarter-pipes, hand rails, and a fun box.[24] The pool and splash park is a seasonal attraction that features a large swimming pool with slide, and 3,000 square foot splash park with water spouts, splash buckets, spraying water, and small water slides.[25] Hiwasse Park has a fire station themed playground, 1/4-mile concrete walking trail, full-size basketball court, full-size tennis court, and large green space. There is also a pavilion and restrooms.[26] Centennial Park is home to several permanent food trucks. It features a train caboose that was donated to the city by Kansas City Southern.[27] Kindley Park, named after Field E. Kindley, is near downtown Gravette. It has a half-court basketball court, a half-court tennis court, two playgrounds, a pavilion, and a T-33 aircraft on loan from the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force.[28] Pop Allum Park has seven baseball fields and four soccer fields of varying sizes. There is a small playground. On the south end of the park lies the Gravette nature trail.[29] The Gravette dog park is near downtown Gravette and features separate areas for large and small dogs.[30]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Gravette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[38] Gravette is the site of the coldest recorded temperature in Arkansas: -29 °F (-34 °C) on February 13, 1905.[39]

According weather data tallied between July 1, 1985 and June 30, 2015 for every location in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's official climate database, Gravette, Arkansas, is the snowiest place in the state of Arkansas with an average of 16 inches of snow per year. [40]

Climate data for Gravette, AR
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
88
(31)
92
(33)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
114
(46)
114
(46)
108
(42)
97
(36)
89
(32)
77
(25)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 47.5
(8.6)
51.7
(10.9)
61.1
(16.2)
70.8
(21.6)
77.8
(25.4)
85.6
(29.8)
90.9
(32.7)
90.8
(32.7)
83.5
(28.6)
72.9
(22.7)
59.9
(15.5)
49.7
(9.8)
70.2
(21.2)
Average low °F (°C) 24.9
(−3.9)
28.1
(−2.2)
36.7
(2.6)
46.1
(7.8)
54.4
(12.4)
62.7
(17.1)
66.4
(19.1)
65.5
(18.6)
58.3
(14.6)
47.2
(8.4)
36.5
(2.5)
28.0
(−2.2)
46.2
(7.9)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−29
(−34)
−14
(−26)
15
(−9)
24
(−4)
39
(4)
44
(7)
42
(6)
28
(−2)
12
(−11)
4
(−16)
−21
(−29)
−29
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.44
(62)
2.43
(62)
3.78
(96)
4.53
(115)
5.52
(140)
5.17
(131)
3.43
(87)
3.50
(89)
4.37
(111)
3.68
(93)
3.53
(90)
2.68
(68)
45.06
(1,144)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.3
(8.4)
2.9
(7.4)
2.4
(6.1)
0.1
(0.25)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
2.2
(5.6)
11.4
(29.05)
Source: https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ar2930

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
  2. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Gravette, Arkansas
  3. ^ Rick Aschmann (2 May 2018). "North American English Dialects, Based on Pronunciation Patterns". Aschmann.net. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  4. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gravette city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2020.
  8. ^ "Benton County GIS: Basemap". gis.bentoncountyar.gov. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  9. ^ "Arkansas State Highway (Tourist) Map". Arkansas Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  10. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  11. ^ Gravette early history
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-01-01.
  14. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Gravette
  15. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ "About | R&R". Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  17. ^ "Home HPI". www.hendrenplastics.com. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  18. ^ "Insul-Bead Corporation". Insul-Bead. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  19. ^ "DIRECTORY". gravettechamber. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  20. ^ "About | Ozarks Community Hospital". Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  21. ^ "Services | Ozarks Community Hospital". Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  22. ^ "Fire & Ambulance - CIty of Gravette, Arkansas". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  23. ^ "Old Town Park". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  24. ^ "Gravette Skate Park". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  25. ^ "Gravette Pool and Splash Park". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  26. ^ "Hiwasse Park and Community Building". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  27. ^ "Centennial Park". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  28. ^ "Kindley Park". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  29. ^ "Pop Allum Park". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  30. ^ "Gravette Dog Park". cityofgravette. Retrieved 2021-11-03.
  31. ^ "Lloyd Andrews". Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  32. ^ Arkansas State Sen. Jim Hendren leaves Republican Party
  33. ^ Franks, Norman; Dempsey, Harry (2001), American Aces of World War I, Osprey Publishing, p. 50
  34. ^ "Arkansas Native, Boxer Tommy Morrison Dies at 44". 2 September 2013.
  35. ^ The Shepherd's Chapel
  36. ^ "House Republican Caucus". arhouse.org. Archived from the original on August 10, 2013. Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  37. ^ Newville, Todd, Gene Stephens, Society for American Baseball Research Biography Project
  38. ^ Climate Summary for Gravette, Arkansas
  39. ^ Enloe. "State Climate Extremes Committee (SCEC) | Extremes | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2017-12-31.
  40. ^ "The Snowiest Place in Each State". Retrieved 2015-01-24.

External links[edit]