Gravette, Arkansas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Gravette, Arkansas
City
This historic Kansas City Southern Railway Caboose No. 383 pays homage to the importance of the railroad to Gravette's economy and history.
This historic Kansas City Southern Railway Caboose No. 383 pays homage to the importance of the railroad to Gravette's economy and history.
Location of Gravette in Benton County, Arkansas.
Location of Gravette in Benton County, Arkansas.
Coordinates: 36°25′12″N 94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250Coordinates: 36°25′12″N 94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250
Country United States
State Arkansas
County Benton
Area[1]
 • Total 13.70 sq mi (35.48 km2)
 • Land 13.70 sq mi (35.48 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation 1,217 ft (371 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 2,325
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 3,271
 • Density 238.78/sq mi (92.19/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 72736
Area code(s) 479
FIPS code 05-28360
GNIS feature ID 0077061
Website www.cityofgravette-ar.gov

Gravette is a city in Benton County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 2,325 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the FayettevilleSpringdaleRogers, AR-MO Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Gravette is located in northwestern Benton County at 36°25′12″N 94°27′9″W / 36.42000°N 94.45250°W / 36.42000; -94.45250 (36.419962, -94.452584).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2), all land.[3]

Gravette is situated approximately 105 miles (169 km) east of Tulsa, Oklahoma, 41 miles (66 km) northwest of Fayetteville, and approximately 60 miles south of Joplin, MO.

Gravette annexed nearby unincorporated Hiwasse in 2012.

Early history[edit]

The historic Kindley House was built in 1873 and added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) in 1988.[5]

The original name of the first European-American settlement at this location was Nebo.[6] The Nebo area is now referred to as Old Town in Chalk Valley and was the earliest pioneer settlement of the community. The settlement was platted in the 1870s by Joseph P. Covey, who relocated to Southwest City, Missouri, in 1881. Ellis Tillman Gravett opened the Chalk Valley Distillery in Nebo and was also the proprietor of a general merchandise store. In 1891, he moved that store west out of the valley to what is now downtown Gravette. Gravette was incorporated on January 27, 1899. By 1910 the population of Gravette amounted to 569.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900447
191056927.3%
192075432.5%
19308127.7%
19408656.5%
19508943.4%
1960855−4.4%
19701,15435.0%
19801,2185.5%
19901,41215.9%
20001,81028.2%
20102,32528.5%
Est. 20163,271[2]40.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of 2010 Gravette had a population of 2,325. The racial and ethnic composition of the population was 87.8% non-Hispanic white, 0.6% black or African American, 3.5% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 4.1% from two or more races and 4.0% Hispanic or Latino.[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 1,810 people, 697 households, and 471 families residing in the city. The population density was 775.1 people per square mile (298.7/km²). There were 773 housing units at an average density of 331.0 per square mile (127.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.87% White, 0.17% Black or African American, 2.10% Native American, 0.61% Asian, 1.05% from other races, and 3.20% from two or more races. 2.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 697 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.4% were non-families. 28.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 27.0% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 87.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,881, and the median income for a family was $34,844. Males had a median income of $28,571 versus $18,906 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,241. About 11.5% of families and 16.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public education is provided for elementary and secondary school students by the following school districts:

Media and publishing[edit]

Notable people[edit]

  • Jim Hendren, current Arkansas state senator
  • Kim Hendren, former Arkansas state senator
  • Tommy Morrison, heavyweight boxer
  • Mary Lou Slinkard, current Arkansas state representative
  • Gene Stephens, former Major League Baseball player
  • Dr. Arnold B. Murray, founding senior pastor of tele-ministry The Shepherd's Chapel
  • Field Eugene Kindley, aviator and World War I flying ace
  • Lloyd "Arkansas Slim" Andrews, sidekick to western stars, host of children's television program

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Gravette has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[10] Gravette is the site of the coldest recorded temperature in Arkansas: -29 °F on February 13, 1905.[11]

According weather data tallied between July 1, 1985 and June 30, 2015 for every location in the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's official climate database, Gravette, Arkansas, is the snowiest place in the state of Arkansas with an average of 16 inches of snow per year. [12]

Climate data for Gravette, AR
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 77
(25)
88
(31)
92
(33)
95
(35)
99
(37)
106
(41)
114
(46)
114
(46)
108
(42)
97
(36)
89
(32)
77
(25)
114
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 47.5
(8.6)
51.7
(10.9)
61.1
(16.2)
70.8
(21.6)
77.8
(25.4)
85.6
(29.8)
90.9
(32.7)
90.8
(32.7)
83.5
(28.6)
72.9
(22.7)
59.9
(15.5)
49.7
(9.8)
70.2
(21.2)
Average low °F (°C) 24.9
(−3.9)
28.1
(−2.2)
36.7
(2.6)
46.1
(7.8)
54.4
(12.4)
62.7
(17.1)
66.4
(19.1)
65.5
(18.6)
58.3
(14.6)
47.2
(8.4)
36.5
(2.5)
28.0
(−2.2)
46.2
(7.9)
Record low °F (°C) −24
(−31)
−29
(−34)
−14
(−26)
15
(−9)
24
(−4)
39
(4)
44
(7)
42
(6)
28
(−2)
12
(−11)
4
(−16)
−21
(−29)
−29
(−34)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 2.44
(62)
2.43
(61.7)
3.78
(96)
4.53
(115.1)
5.52
(140.2)
5.17
(131.3)
3.43
(87.1)
3.50
(88.9)
4.37
(111)
3.68
(93.5)
3.53
(89.7)
2.68
(68.1)
45.06
(1,144.6)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.3
(8.4)
2.9
(7.4)
2.4
(6.1)
0.1
(0.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.5
(1.3)
2.2
(5.6)
11.4
(29.1)
Source: https://wrcc.dri.edu/cgi-bin/cliMAIN.pl?ar2930

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 18, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Gravette city, Arkansas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ Gravette early history
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  8. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteristics of Gravette
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Gravette, Arkansas
  11. ^ Enloe. "State Climate Extremes Committee (SCEC) | Extremes | National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI)". www.ncdc.noaa.gov. Retrieved 2017-12-31. 
  12. ^ "The Snowiest Place in Each State". Retrieved 2015-01-24. 

External links[edit]