St Mary's parish church
|Area||13.6 km2 (5.3 sq mi)|
|Population||937 (2011 census)|
|• Density||69/km2 (180/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Website||Great Shefford and Shefford Woodlands|
Great Shefford (or West Shefford) is an English village and civil parish on the River Lambourn in the West Berkshire district of Berkshire. The modern civil parish includes the historical parish of Little or East Shefford, a small, much-reduced community downstream. It also covers the village of Shefford Woodlands, about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) south-west of Great Shefford, near Junction 14 on the M4 motorway.
Great Shefford village has a primary school, which forms part of Chaddleworth St. Andrew's & Shefford Church of England Federated Primary Schools. It also has a pub-restaurant, The Great Shefford, a shop and a petrol station.
Unlike the three round-towered churches in Sussex, where the towers are plain flint cylinders with few openings, the tower at Great Shefford is built up of sections with ample fenestration, more like the East Anglian type. The base of the tower at least seems to date from the 13th century, and it joins the west wall of the nave in such a way that suggests it was constructed at the same time as the nave, which shows early Gothic features.
St Mary's belongs to the West Downland Benefice, a group of eight neighbouring churches. There is a service held at St Mary's on the first, second and third Sunday of the month.
A group service is held at St Stephen's on the fourth Sunday of the month.
The 2011 Census recorded a parish population of 937, and 880 are listed on the Millennium Stone opposite the petrol station. The population had grown by approximately 5 per cent since the 2011 census.
|Output area||Homes owned outright||Owned with a loan||Socially rented||Privately rented||Other||km2 roads||km2 water||km2 domestic gardens||Usual residents||km2|
In birth order:
- Richard Brydges (1500–1558), politician, owned and lived at Great Shefford Manor.
- Clive Bell (1881–1964), art critic, was born in East Shefford.
- Harold Balfour, 1st Baron Balfour of Inchrye (1897–1988), Conservative MP and Privy Councillor, died in Great Shefford.
- Brian Cheesman (born 1929), international cricketer, was born in Shefford Woodlands.
Reading Buses route 4 (Newbury–Lambourn) serves Great Shefford. From 1898 until 1960 the parish was served by Great Shefford railway station on the Lambourn Valley Railway. The nearest mainline station today is Newbury, 10.5 miles/16 km away.
- Key Statistics: Dwellings; Quick Statistics: Population Density; Physical Environment: Land Use Survey 2005
- Ford, David Nash. "Royal Berkshire History". East Shefford St. Thomas' Church. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
- Own site
- A Church Near You. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
- "History of Great Shefford". Great Shefford and Shefford Woodlands. The Parish of Great Shefford. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Population site Retrieved 11 July 2018.
- "Connect Service 4" (pdf). Timetables. Newbury and District Buses. Retrieved 23 July 2013.
- Page, W. H.; Ditchfield, P.H., eds. (1924). A History of the County of Berkshire, Volume 4. Victoria County History. pp. 238–242.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1966). Berkshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 148–149.
Media related to Great Shefford at Wikimedia Commons