Gurkha–Sikh War

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Gurkha-Sikh War
DateMarch 1809- August 1809
LocationKangra fort
Result Sikh Victory.[1]
Sikh Empire flag.jpg Sikh Empire Flag of Nepal (19th century-1962).svg Nepal
Commanders and leaders
Sikh Empire flag.jpg Maharaja Ranjit Singh Flag of Nepal (19th century-1962).svg Amar Singh Thapa

The Gurkha-Sikh War was a small conflict between the forces of Maharaja Ranjit Singh (Sikh Empire) and the Gurkha Army in 1809.[2]

Conquest of Kangra fort[edit]

The Maharaja recalled Diwan Mohkam Chand from the Kangra expedition in March 1809 and directed him to reach Phillaur. After settlement of affairs with the British government, Maharaja Ranjit Singh again turned his attention towards Kangra. The Gurkha general Amar Singh Thapa with a large army had been at war for quite some time with Raja Sansar Chand in the Kangra valley and had besieged the fort of Kangra. Sansar Chand lost hope for life. Therefore, he sent his brother Fateh Singh to the Maharaja to seek help. The Maharaja demanded the possession of the fort of Kangra in return for help; to which Sansar Chand agreed. The Maharaja set-out with full preparations and reached Kangra accompanied by a large army by the end of May. All the feudal chiefs were present with their respective militias. According to Munshi Sohan Lal's estimate there were about one hundred thousand horse and foot with the Maharaja at that time. The hill Chiefs who were well- acquainted with the routes of the hilly terrain were ordered to block all passages so as to stop all means of procurement of provisions and equipment for the Gorkha army.

War with the gurkha army[edit]

Supply routes of the Gurkha army had been closed since the last few days. The Maharaja finding an opportune time launched an attack and occupied their positions about a mile (1.06 km.) in front of the fort. A pitched battle ensued. The Gurkhas fought dauntlessly. Four or five officers and a few sepoys of the Khalsa army were killed, but the Gurkhas had to retreat. Thereafter, they gave a pitched battle near the Ganesh Valley. The Maharaja sent another army division there. The Gurkhas had made elaborate preparations in order to rub the blot of their former defeat and to restore their national honour. A fierce bloody battle took place. After the artillery fire abated, hand to hand swordy duels followed. Both the sides demonstrated their skills with equal valour. Suddenly the Gurkhas pushed their feet back and The Sikhs carried the day.

The end of the campaign[edit]

Though the Sikhs suffered heavy losses during this war they managed to hold their fort.


  1. ^ Raj Pal Singh (2004). The Sikhs : Their Journey Of Five Hundred Years. Pentagon Press. p. 139 & 140. ISBN 9788186505465.
  2. ^ Henry Thoby Prinsep (2011). Origin of the Sikh Power in the Punjab, and Political Life of Muha-Raja Runjeet Singh. Cambridge University Press. pp. 152–161. ISBN 978-1-108-02872-1.