The tribe claims an Pashtun ancestry. According to Syed Ali, Sudhans have a Pashtun descent and moved to the Poonch district of Kashmir region some centuries ago. About 40,000–60,000 Sudhans were recruited and served in the British Indian Army during the First and Second World Wars.
Rebellion against Kashmir State
The Sudhan tribe has been described as "a main and martial tribe of dissident Poonch" by Christopher Snedden, a political analyst. Sardar Ibrahim Khan, formerly a little-known barrister, was among the Sudhan people who rose to significance from 1947 as a result of a campaign and later rebellion against the Maharaja of the princely state of Kashmir and Jammu, Hari Singh. Khan led a significant faction of the Muslim Conference in their demands that Singh should join with Pakistan rather than accede to India. Together with Muslims from Bagh, it was the Sudhans who were at the heart of this campaign. The rebels were directed by the Pakistan Army, and with the support of Pashtun tribal lashkars sent in from the Khyber and Waziristan tribal agencies and although Kashmir state acceded to India, they were able to 'liberate' a portion called Azad Kashmir (Free Kashmir/ controlled by Pakistan).
Sudhan Jats are mostly Sikhs or Muslims. In Punjab (India) and Haryana, Sudhans are mostly Sikh. In Punjab (Pakistan), they are mostly Muslim. Majority of the Sudhans in Jammu, Kashmir, Hoshiarpur areas of North India are Sikhs. Majority of the Sudhans in Sialkot, Lahore and Gujranwala have converted to Islam.
Distribution in Pakistan
According to 1911 census the Sudhan / Sudan Jats were the principal Muslim Jat clan in:
- Rawalpindi District - Sudan (175)
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