May 31, 1930|
University of Chicago
|New institutional economics|
University of Illinois
|Information at IDEAS / RePEc|
Demsetz grew up on the West Side of Chicago, the grandchild of immigrants from central and eastern Europe. He studied engineering, forestry, and philosophy at four universities before being awarded a B.A. (1953) in economics from the University of Illinois, and an MBA (1954) and a Ph.D. (1959) from Northwestern University. While a graduate student, he published an article each in Econometrica and the Journal of Political Economy.
Demsetz taught at the University of Michigan (1958–60), UCLA, 1960–63, and the Graduate School of Business at the University of Chicago, 1963–71. In 1971, he returned permanently to UCLA's Economics Department, which he chaired 1978–80. He held the Arthur Andersen UCLA Alumni Chair in Business Economics, 1986–95. He has been affiliated with the Center for Naval Analyses and the Hoover Institution.
Demsetz belongs to the Chicago school of economic theory, and was one of the pioneers of the approach now called New Institutional Economics. He is a founder of the field of managerial economics. He has expanded the theory of property rights now prevalent in law and economics. Even though Demsetz never employed game theory, he is a major figure in industrial organization through his writings on the theory of the firm, antitrust policy, and business regulation. His expository style is devoid of mathematical formalism to an extent unusual for someone who began his career after 1950. His principal influences include Frank Knight and a number of colleagues: Armen Alchian, Ronald Coase, Aaron Director, and George Stigler.
The 1972 Demsetz and Armen Alchian article Production, Information Costs and Economic Organization was selected as one of the twenty most important articles published in the first century of the American Economic Review.
- 1967, "Toward a Theory of Property Rights," American Economic Review.
- 1968, "Why Regulate Utilities?" Journal of Law and Economics.
- 1969, "Information and Efficiency: Another Viewpoint," Journal of Law and Economics.
- 1972, (with Armen Alchian, "Production, Information Costs and Economic Organization", American Economic Review.
- 1973, "Industry Structure, Market Rivalry and Public Policy," Journal of Law and Economics.
- 1974, "Two systems of belief about monopoly," in H. Goldschmid, et al., eds., Industrial Concentration: The New Learning, Boston: Little Brown, also chapter 7 in, Demsetz, Harold. Efficiency, Competition, and Policy. Cambridge MA: Basil Blackwell, 1989.)
- 1979, "Accounting for Advertising as a Barrier to Entry," Journal of Business.
- 1982, Economic, Legal, and Political Dimensions of Competition.
- 1988, The Organization of Economic Activity, 2 vols. Blackwell. Reprints most of Demsetz's better known journal articles published as of date.
- 1994, (with Alexis Jacquemin). Anti-trust Economics: New Challenges for Competition Policy.
- 1995, The Economics of the Business Firm: Seven Critical Commentaries.
- 1997, "The Primacy of Economics: An Explanation of the Comparative Success of Economics in the Social Sciences" (Presidential Address to the Western Economics Association), Economic Inquiry.
- 2011, "From Economic Man to Economic System: Essays on Human Behavior and the Institutions of Capitalism"
- Istituto Giovanni Treccani, Rome (1938). "Enciclopedia italiana di scienze, lettere ed arti".
- Demsetz, Harold (1969), "Information and Efficiency: Another Viewpoint", Journal of Law & Economics, 12: 1–22, doi:10.1086/466657
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