Hazlehurst, Mississippi

Coordinates: 31°51′54″N 90°23′29″W / 31.86500°N 90.39139°W / 31.86500; -90.39139
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Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Amtrak station at Hazlehurst
Amtrak station at Hazlehurst
Flag of Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Location of Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Location of Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Hazlehurst, Mississippi is located in the United States
Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Hazlehurst, Mississippi
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 31°51′54″N 90°23′29″W / 31.86500°N 90.39139°W / 31.86500; -90.39139
CountryUnited States
 • Total4.47 sq mi (11.59 km2)
 • Land4.43 sq mi (11.47 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.12 km2)
476 ft (145 m)
 • Total3,619
 • Density816.93/sq mi (315.39/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code601
FIPS code28-31220
GNIS feature ID0671047

Hazlehurst is a city in and the county seat of Copiah County, Mississippi, United States,[2] located about 30 miles (48 km) south of the state capital Jackson along Interstate 55. The population was 4,009 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the Jackson Metropolitan Statistical Area. Its economy is based on agriculture, particularly tomatoes and cabbage.


The first settlement here by European Americans became known as the town of Gallatin; two lawyers and brothers-in-law named Walters and Saunders came from Gallatin, Tennessee, in 1819 and named the village after their hometown. They built their homes on the banks of the Bayou Pierre, in the western part of Copiah County. Other settlers came with them, and in 1829 the state legislature incorporated the town. The first decades of agriculture The incorporation charter was repealed on January 18, 1862.

The construction of the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad began on November 3, 1865, stimulating development of Hazlehurst at the railway stop. It was named for Col. George H. Hazlehurst, an engineer for the new railroad.[4] A city in Georgia is also named for him.[4]

As Hazlehurst grew, Gallatin declined into a settlement at a crossroads. In April 1872, the legislature ordered the county board of supervisors to hold an election to decide whether the county seat should be moved from Gallatin to Hazlehurst. After a majority voted for the change, Gallatin's old brick courthouse was torn down and reassembled in Hazlehurst

This city had civil rights activity during the mid-1960s. Because of violence against black people in this area, Mississippi, the armed Deacons for Defense and Justice established centers here and in nearby Crystal Springs in 1966 and 1967. They provided physical protection for protesters working with the NAACP on a commercial boycott of white merchants to force integration of facilities and employment, and to gain jobs for African Americans following passage of civil rights legislation in 1964.[5]

On January 23, 1969, an F4 tornado devastated the south side of Hazlehurst, killing 11 people in town and damaging or destroying 175 homes.[6]


Hazlehurst is located slightly east of the center of Copiah County.[7] U.S. Route 51 passes through the center of the city, leading north 9 miles (14 km) to Crystal Springs and south 20 miles (32 km) to Brookhaven. Interstate 55 runs west of and generally parallel to US 51, with access to Hazlehurst from exits 59 and 61. Mississippi Highway 28 crosses US 51 and I-55 in the northern part of town, leading east 14 miles (23 km) to Georgetown and west 46 miles (74 km) to Fayette.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Hazlehurst has a total area of 4.4 square miles (11.5 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11.3 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.1 km2), or 1.02%, is water.[3]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
Downtown Hazlehurst, Mississippi in 2013
Hazlehurst racial composition as of 2020[9]
Race Num. Perc.
White (non-Hispanic) 461 12.74%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 2,744 75.82%
Native American 2 0.06%
Asian 30 0.83%
Pacific Islander 3 0.08%
Other/Mixed 106 2.93%
Hispanic or Latino 273 7.54%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 3,619 people, 1,108 households, and 743 families residing in the city.


The city is served by the Hazlehurst City School District. The Copiah-Jefferson Regional Library main offices are in Hazlehurst, as well as the main office of Copiah County School District.[10]


Rail transportation[edit]

Amtrak, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Hazlehurst. Amtrak Train 59, the southbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Hazlehurst at 11:55 am daily with service to Brookhaven, McComb, Hammond, and New Orleans. Amtrak Train 58, the northbound City of New Orleans, is scheduled to depart Hazlehurst at 4:17 pm daily with service to Jackson, Yazoo City, Greenwood, Memphis, Newbern-Dyersburg, Fulton, Carbondale, Centralia, Effingham, Mattoon, Champaign-Urbana, Kankakee, Homewood, and Chicago.

Notable people[edit]


  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hazlehurst city, Mississippi". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
  4. ^ a b Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 153.
  5. ^ Ted Ownby, The Civil Rights Movement in Mississippi, Univ. Press of Mississippi, 2013, pp. 221-223
  6. ^ Grazulis, Thomas P. (1993). Significant tornadoes, 1680-1991: A Chronology and Analysis of Events. St. Johnsbury, Vermont: Environmental Films. p. 1103. ISBN 1-879362-03-1.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 17, 2021.
  10. ^ "Homepage". Copiah-Jefferson Regional Library. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  11. ^ Acheson, Sam Hanna. Joe Bailey, the Last Democrat. New York: Macmillan, 1932
  12. ^ Jim O'Neal; Amy van Singel (September 5, 2013). The Voice of the Blues: Classic Interviews from Living Blues Magazine. Taylor & Francis. p. 124. ISBN 978-1-136-70748-3.
  13. ^ 2/Ed 95-96 (November 1, 1995). International Who's Who In Medicine 1995-96. Taylor & Francis. p. 94. ISBN 9780948875915.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  14. ^ Frank Embrick Bass (1961). Who's who in Tennessee: A Reference Edition Recording the Biographies of Contemporary Leaders in Tennessee with Special Emphasis on Their Achievements in Making the Volunteer State One of America's Greatest. Historical Record Association. p. 181.
  15. ^ "Judge Mablean Ephraim". Great Black Speakers. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  16. ^ "Bob Evans' Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  17. ^ "Ron Franklin To Host 2004 Conerly Telecast". Ole Miss Sports. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  18. ^ "Slew Harris". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  19. ^ George Alexander Sewell; Margaret L. Dwight (1984). Mississippi Black History Makers. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 380. ISBN 978-1-61703-428-2.
  20. ^ "Greg Holloway Sr.'s Biography". Project Vote Smart. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  21. ^ Patti Carr Black; Mississippi Museum of Art (2007). The Mississippi Story. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 37. ISBN 978-1-887422-14-7.
  22. ^ "Pastors Serving Antioch Church". barlowgenealogy.com. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  23. ^ Stephen Cresswell (1995). Multiparty Politics in Mississippi, 1877-1902. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 85. ISBN 978-1-61703-436-7.
  24. ^ Greg Prato (September 2011). Sack Exchange: The Definitive Oral History of the 1980s New York Jets. ECW Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-1-77090-061-5.
  25. ^ Grey Gundaker; Professor Grey Gundaker; Judith McWillie (2005). No Space Hidden: The Spirit of African American Yard Work. Univ. of Tennessee Press. p. 13. ISBN 978-1-57233-356-7.
  26. ^ "Truett Smith Stats". Pro Football Reference. Retrieved July 4, 2020.
  27. ^ George A. Sewell; Margaret L. Dwight (November 1984). Mississippi Black History Makers. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 196. ISBN 978-1-60473-390-7.
  28. ^ George Haggerty; Bonnie Zimmerman (September 2, 2003). Encyclopedia of Lesbian and Gay Histories and Cultures. Garland Science. p. 1473. ISBN 978-1-135-57871-8.

External links[edit]