Heckler & Koch P30
|Heckler & Koch P30|
The Heckler & Koch P30L.
|Place of origin||Germany|
|Used by||See Users|
|Designer||Frank Henninger|
|Manufacturer||Heckler & Koch|
|Weight||647 g (22.8 oz) P30 (without magazine)
687 g (24.2 oz) P30L (without magazine)
598 g (21.1 oz) P30SK (without magazine)
|Length||181 mm (7.1 in) P30
196 mm (7.7 in) P30L
163 mm (6.4 in) P30SK
|Barrel length||98 mm (3.9 in) P30
113 mm (4.4 in) P30L
83 mm (3.3 in) P30SK
|Width||34.8 mm (1.37 in) P30(L)
38.8 mm (1.53 in) P30(L)S
34.8 mm (1.37 in) P30SK
|Height||138 mm (5.4 in) P30(L)
116 mm (4.6 in) P30SK
|Action||Short recoil operated, Browning-type tilting barrel, locked breech|
|Effective firing range||50 m (55 yd)|
Detachable box magazine; capacities:
Early prototypes of the P30 were referred to as the P3000. The P30 is marketed by the manufacturer as a law enforcement service pistol.
As of fall 2006, the German Federal Customs Administration had procured 13,500 copies of the P30V6 for its forces, making them the first customer of the P30. Additionally, the Norwegian Police Service has decided in favor of the P30 pistol with an order of approximately 7,000 copies.
In October 2008, the cantonal police of Zurich, Switzerland was granted the purchase of an undisclosed number of P30s worth 1.6 million CHF (US$1.35 million), replacing the previously used SIG P228.
The P30 NL (H3) variant was being considered for Dutch police service. This pistol finished second in a European tender, after the winning SIG Sauer P250 was rejected in November 2011, and before the Walther P99Q NL (H3) and Beretta Px4 Storm. When minister Ivo Opstelten concluded that SIG Sauer could not deliver the requisite quality in a mass production setting, he chose the P30 NL (H3). However, Walther and Beretta appealed to court, insisting that a new tender procedure should be started. On 24 January 2012 the court decided that a new tender process should be organized. Opstelten chose to initiate a quick and rigorous new tender process that allows to choose another product if the winner should be rejected. This will delay the introduction of a new police pistol by 1 to 1½ years according to the Dutch Ministry of Security and Justice. In October 2012 it became clear that the P99Q NL (H3) will succeed the Walther P5 and Glock 17 pistols in 2013-2014.
Technically, the P30 is similar to the Heckler & Koch P2000 pistol; the differences are in exterior appearance and ergonomics. The basic design is derived from the Heckler & Koch P2000 and Heckler & Koch USP Compact pistols.
The P30 is a hammer-fired pistol with an exposed spurred hammer; a bobbed hammer is optional. It has ambidextrous slide release locks and a fully ambidextrous magazine release installed in the trigger guard, on both sides. Various trigger and cocking systems offer the possibility of converting the trigger firing mode from one type to another. Several variants are available based whether the LEM (Law Enforcement Modification) trigger (H&K's double-action only) mechanism is used versus a SA/DA trigger.
All P30 pistols feature an automatic hammer safety and firing pin safety. Some trigger configurations also offer a decocker.
The cold hammer-forged barrel has hexagonal right-hand polygonal rifling while the slide, having both front and rear serrations, is made from a solid bar of nitro-carburized steel. Besides metals the P30 makes extensive use of impact-resistant polymers to reduce weight and production costs.
Major metal components like the steel slide are treated with a protective surface treatment. Heckler & Koch refers to this treatment as the "HE" (Hostile Environment) finish, which is an extremely hard, nitro-gas carburized, black oxide coating. It aids resisting wear and corrosion, including exposure to salt water, making the pistol particularly suitable for individuals carrying the pistol concealed as the highly chloride-resistant finish allows the pistol to better endure the effects of perspiration.
As with other recent Heckler & Koch pistol designs, the P30 is modular to suit individual needs. The grip features three interchangeable backstrap inserts and three interchangeable grip shells both available in small, medium and large sizes. These backstraps and grip shells can be assembled completely at random, also asymmetrically, in 27 different user configurable grip configurations, allowing to customize the pistol's grip to various hand size and shapes and personal preferences.
The iron sights consist of a square notch rear sight and post type front sight. The sight features three-dot contrast enhancements that have been painted with non-radioactive photoluminescent Super-LumiNova afterglow paint that can aid target acquisition under unfavourable lighting conditions.
For cleaning purposes the pistol can be disassembled into its subassemblies without tools. Disassembly of the pistol is carried out without having to remove the slide release from the grip.
The P30 can have an optional loaded chamber indicator that visibly and tactilely indicates the presence of a cartridge in the chamber.
Another P30 option is a visually conspicuous empty magazine indicator in the form of a red, white or orange colored magazine follower that becomes visible after the last round has been fired, and the slide release blocks the slide of the pistol in the open position.
A further option is an ambidextrous external thumb safety lever. With this decocking latch the pistol can be carried in a "cocked and locked" condition as well as in a decocked condition. P30 pistols that feature this optional external safety are denoted by the addition of an S to the type name.
For the recording of weapon specific data, a passive RFID transponder may be integrated into the weapon. The stored data can be read via an external unit.
The P30L is a P30 featuring a longer slide and barrel.
The P30SK is a sub compact P30 featuring a shorter slide and barrel.
The P30S, P30LS and P30SKS variants feature an optional external ambidextrous thumb safety. This manual safety is available for most trigger variants. The variants with the optional external ambidextrous thumb safety have similar dimensions compared to the variants without this feature, but weigh approximately 50 g (1.8 oz) more and the safety levers add 3.66 mm (0.144 in) width resulting in an overall width of 38.46 mm (1.514 in).
The P30, P30L and P30SK pistols offer multiple trigger configurations. It is possible to change the (original) trigger configuration of a P30 series pistol to another trigger configuration.
P30 trigger and model configurations
Many P30 triggers feature Heckler and Koch's Combat Defensive Action (CDA), which is a variant of conventional Double Action Only (DAO) triggers featuring a cocking piece in the hammer for a lighter yet consistent trigger pull. In addition to the P30 variants featuring the proprietary CDA trigger, the P30 is also offered in conventional pistol trigger mechanisms.
|Variant||Action||Trigger pull||Trigger travel||Notes|
|V0||DA/SA||51 N (11.5 lbf) (DA)
20 N (4.5 lbf) (CDA)
|14 mm (0.55 in)||Exposed two-part hammer with spur. Hammer actually consists of an internal cocking piece which is connected to the main spring, and the hammer itself. After each shot, the cocking piece stays cocked, and the hammer remains lowered, providing maximum safety and a low CDA-type trigger pull. The cocking piece can be decocked by pressing of the decocker button, located at the rear of the slide, next to the hammer.|
|V1||CDA aka LEM||20 N (4.5 lbf)||14 mm (0.55 in)||Same as V0, but hammer has no spur, and there is no decocker button; therefore, the only way to release the cocked mainspring is to pull the trigger over the empty chamber|
|V2||CDA aka LEM||32.5 N (7.3 lbf)||14 mm (0.55 in)||Same as V1|
|V3||DA/SA||51 N (11.5 lbf) (DA)
20 N (4.5 lbf) (SA)
|14 mm (0.55 in) (DA)
7 mm (0.28 in) (SA)
|Conventional DA / SA unit with single-piece hammer and decocker button at the rear of the slide, next to the hammer.|
|V4||CDA aka LEM||27.5 N (6.2 lbf)||14 mm (0.55 in)||Same as V1|
|V5||DAO||36 N (8.1 lbf)||14 mm (0.55 in)||Conventional DAO trigger with spurless single-piece hammer and no decocker.|
|V6||DAO||39 N (8.8 lbf)||14 mm (0.55 in)||Conventional DAO trigger with spurless single-piece hammer and no decocker.|
- Germany: 13,500 V6 pistols were purchased by the Federal Customs Administration. 30,000 V2 pistols were purchased by the Federal Police with an option for another 5,000. Approx. 16,000 P30 V2 pistols were ordered for the Hesse State Police and Hessian corrections officers.
- Malaysia: Used by Pasukan Khas Laut (PASKAL) counter-terrorism forces of the Royal Malaysian Navy.
- Norway: Norwegian Police Service.
- Portugal: Used by Public Security Police and Republican National Guard since 2009.
- Switzerland: Cantonal police of Zurich, as well as some municipal police departments.
- with RUAG 9mmx19 SX NATO Ball 124gr German Army (DM51) service ammunition
- P30-The new Service Pistol of the German Federal Customs Administration. Originally from www.heckler-koch.de, restored by web.archive.org
- "Sicherheitsdirektion". Ds.zh.ch. 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- Federal Police to receive new service pistol. Heckler & Koch, Nov 26, 2008
- "Super-Pistole: Hessens Polizisten bekommen HK P30 - Frankfurt" (in German). Bild.de. 2010-04-26. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- "Opstelten besluit overeenkomst SIG-Sauer over nieuw politiepistool te beëindigen (press release), www.rijksoverheid.nl (Dutch)". 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
- "Ontbinding overeenkomst aanschaf nieuw dienstpistool politie (letter to the Dutch parliament), www.rijksoverheid.nl (Dutch)" (PDF). 2011-11-08. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
- "Nieuw politiepistool afgekeurd, www.rijksoverheid.nl (Dutch)". 2011-11-09. Retrieved 2011-11-09.
- "Aanbesteding politiewapen moet over, www.nos.nl (Dutch)". 2012-01-23. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "'Vertraging nieuw politiepistool 1 tot 1,5 jaar', www.volkskrant.nl (Dutch)". 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "Court decision LJN: BV1636, Rechtbank 's-Gravenhage , 408727 / KG ZA 11-1438, Rechtspraak.nl (Dutch)". 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
- "Nieuw pistool voor Nederlandse politie, www.rijksoverheid.nl (Dutch)". 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
- "Brief Tweede Kamer Voorlopige gunning nieuw dienstpistool politie, www.rijksoverheid.nl (Dutch)" (PDF). 2012-10-25. Retrieved 2012-10-26.
- P30 SK at HK USA
- 'P30 Series' user manual, includes the P30
- "Heckler & Koch :: Welcome". Heckler-koch.de. 2013-07-26. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- Dan, Alex (9 February 2016). "PASKAL Malaysian Special Forces Weapons". Military Factory (Small Arms). Retrieved 1 May 2016.
- "Pistolas novas já durante este ano - Portugal - Correio da Manhã". Cmjornal.xl.pt. 2007-06-24. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
- P30 page from the Heckler & Koch Group website
- Official P30L page from the Heckler & Koch Group website
- 'P30 Series' user manual, includes the P30
- 2008 Heckler & Koch Military and LE brochure
- HKPro page on the P30
- Home Page of HK USA, which has a link to the P30 and P30L
- Modern Firearms - Heckler & Koch HK P30 pistol (Germany)
- Reports on a Heckler & Koch P30 9x19mm Parabellum endurance test over 91,322 rounds conducted by pistol-training.com