Henry Dillon, 13th Viscount Dillon

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Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee
Viscount Dillon
Henry Dillon-Lee, 13th Viscount Dillon, by John Hoppner
Portrait by John Hoppner
Reign1813–1832
PredecessorCharles, 12th Viscount Dillon
SuccessorCharles, 14th Viscount Dillon
Born28 October 1777
Brussels
Died24 July 1832
London
Spouse(s)Henrietta Browne
Issue
FatherCharles, 12th Viscount Dillon
MotherHenrietta Maria Phipps

Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee, 13th Viscount Dillon (1777–1832), was an Irish peer, writer, and MP for Harwich and for County Mayo.

Birth and origins[edit]

Henry Augustus was born on 28 October 1777 at Brussels, then the capital of the Austrian Netherlands. He was the elder of the two children and the only son of Charles Dillon-Lee and his first wife Henrietta Maria Phipps.[1] His father, the 12th Viscount Dillon, had conformed to the established religion.[2] His mother was the only daughter of Constantine John Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave, an Anglo-Irish family. Thus both parents were Protestants and part of the Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. They had married in 1776 at Brussels.[3]

He appears below as the elder of two siblings:

  1. Henry Augustus (1777–1832); and
  2. Frances Charlotte (1780–1819), who married Thomas Webb, Baronet.[4]

His mother died in 1782[5] when Henry Augustus was only four. In 1787 his father remarried to Marie Rogier of Mechelen,[6] who had been an actress in Brussels and had been his father's mistress in the time before he married Henry's mother.[7]

His father's second marriage produced three children, which are:

Early life[edit]

In 1794, when he was 17 years old, Henry Augustus was made a Colonel of the newly created Catholic Irish Brigade, an unlikely employment for a Protestant that was due to his family connections. This Catholic Irish Brigade lasted only four years, being dissolved in 1798.

Family tree
Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee with wife, parents, and other selected relatives.
Constantine
1st Baron
Mulgrave

1722–1775
Lepell
Hervey
Henry
11th
Viscount

1705–1787
Charlotte
Lee

d. 1794
Henrietta-
Maria
Phipps

1757–1782
Charles
12th
Viscount

1745–1813
Marie
Rogier

d. 1833
Arthur
Dillon

1750–1794
Henry
Augustus
13th
Viscount

1777–1832
Henrietta
Browne

1789–1862
Charles
Henry
14th
Viscount

1810–1865
Theobald
Dominick
15th
Viscount

1811–1879
Arthur
Edmund
Denis
16th
Viscount

1812–1892
Ellen
Adderly
1809–1896
Harold
Arthur
17th
Viscount

1844–1932
Conrad
Adderly
Dillon

1845–1901
Ellen
Louisa
Dashwood
d. 1917
Legend
XXXHenry A.
Dillon-Lee
XXXViscounts
Dillon
This family tree is partly derived from the Dillon family tree pictured in La Tour du Pin.[12] Also see the lists of siblings and children in the text.

He seemed to have left the Austrian Netherlands and have gone to England where, in 1799, aged 22, he was a Member of Parliament for County Harwich. In 1802 he became a Knight for Mayo. His knighthood ended in 1813 upon the death of his father, when he acceded to the Peerage as the thirteenth Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen.

Marriage and children[edit]

In February 1807, Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee married Henrietta Browne, sister of Dominick, 1st Baron Oranmore and Browne, daughter of Dominick-Geoffrey Browne, by Margaret, daughter of the George Browne, 4th son of the 1st Earl of Altamont. The marriage took place at Castle MacGarrett near Claremorris, County Mayo, Ireland. The Brownes were an Anglo-Irish and Protestant family.[13]

The marriage produced ten children:

  1. Henrietta Maria (1808–1896), campaigned for better education for girls and married Edward John Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley.[14]
  2. Charles Henry (1810–1865), born in Dublin, died at Ditchley, Oxford; succeeded his father as 14th Viscount;[15]
  3. Theobald Dominick (1811–1879), the 15th Viscount Dillon, who died childless and was succeeded by his brother;[16]
  4. Arthur Edmund Denis (1812–1892), who married Ellen Adderley and succeeded his brother as the 16th Viscount Dillon;[17]
  5. Constantine Augustus (1813–1853), who emigrated to New Zealand;[18]
  6. Robert George Lee (1817–1822), who died young;[19]
  7. Margaret Frances Florence (1818–1885), who was a maid of honour to her majesty and married the geologist William John Hamilton.[20]
  8. Gerald Normanby (1823–1880), who married Louisa FitzGibbon, daughter of Richard Hobart FitzGibbons, 3rd Earl of Clare, and changed his surname to hers.[21]
  9. Louisa Anne Rose (1825–1902), who married the Hon. Spencer-Cecil Ponsonby of Bessborough;[22] and
  10. Helena Matilda (born 1827).[23]

Emily W. Sunstein in her biography Mary Shelley: Romance and Reality writes "the literary Lord Dillon... was said to be Eliza Rennie's lover."

Breaking my own horse (H. A. Dillon) by James Gillray, 1803

Later life, death, and timeline[edit]

On 9 November 1813 his father died at Loughglinn, County Roscommon, and was buried in the Dillon Vault at Ballyhaunis.[24][25] Henry succeeded as the 13th Viscount Dillon, at the age of 36.

He died on 24 July 1832 in London and was buried in the All Saints Church at Spelsbury.[26] He was the first Dillon to be buried in Spelsbury. His widow died thirty years later at the Hotel Windsor, Paris, 18 March 1862, aged 73.

Works[edit]

Henry Dillon's published works include:

  • Short View of the Catholic Question (London: J. Debrett, 1801), 32 pages
  • Letter to the Noblemen and Gentlemen who Composed the Deputation from the Catholics of Ireland on the Subject of their Mission (London: J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, 1805), online at Google Books, 56 pages
  • A Commentary on the Military Establishments and Defence of the British Empire (Dillon publisher: Printed by Cox, Son, and Baylis ... for E. Kerby, 1811)
  • The Tactics of Ælian: Comprising Military Systems of the Grecians (London: E. Kerby, 1814), online at Google Books
  • Discourse upon the Theory of Legitimate Government (Florence, 1817), online at Google Books, 89 pages
  • The Life and Opinions of Sir Richard Maltravers: an English Gentleman of the Seventeenth Century, Volume 1 (London: G. and W.B. Whittaker, 1822), online at Google Books Corvey CME 3-628-48097-3; ECB 345; EN2 1822: 29; NSTC 2D13576; OCLC 35663915.
  • The life and opinions of Sir Richard Maltravers: an English gentleman of the seventeenth century, Volume 2 (London: G. and W.B. Whittaker, 1822), online at Google Books
  • Rosaline de Vere, Volume 1 (London: Treuttel and Würtz, Treuttel junior and Richter, 1824), online at Internet Archive Corvey CME 3-628-48547-9; ECB 502; EN2 1824: 29; NSTC 2D13577; OCLC 12423730.
  • Rosaline de Vere, Volume 2 (London: Treuttel and Würtz, Treuttel junior and Richter, 1824), online at Internet Archive

Also: various works of jurisprudence.

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 18: "HENRY AUGUSTUS (DILLON-LEE), VISCOUNT DILLON OF COSTELLO-GALLEN [I.], only s. and h., by 1st wife b. 28 Oct. 1777 at Brussels ..."
  2. ^ Brown & Power 2005, p. 284: "... the succession of the title and lands of the Dillons in Ireland was assured by the conversion of Henry's eldest son Charles Dillon (later twelfth Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen) in Dublin of 4 December 1767 ..."
  3. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 10: "He m., 1stly, 19 Aug. 1776 at Brussels, Henrietta Maria, da. of Constantine John (PHIPPS) 1st BARON MULGRAVE [I.] by Lepell da. of John (HERVEY) BARON HERVEY OF ICKWORTH. She, who was b. 26 Mar. 1757, d. 1 Aug. 1782.
  4. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, line 11: "FRANCES-CHARLOTTE, b. 17 Feb. 1780, m. 14 March 1799, sir Thomas Webb, of Oddstock, co. Wilts., bart., and d. 27 April 1819."
  5. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 13a: "She [Henrietta-Maria], who was b. 26 Mar. 1757, d. 1 Aug. 1782."
  6. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 13b: "He m., 2ndly, in 1787, Marie ROGIER, of Malines, in Belgium.
  7. ^ La Tour du Pin 1913b, p. 162, line 3: "... elle avait toutes les apparences de ce qu'elle était en réalité: une vieille actrice. Mon oncle l'avait eue comme maitresse avant d'épouser Miss Phipps, fille du Lord Mulgrave."
  8. ^ Burke 1949, p. 603, right column, line 57: "James William, Ensign, Gren. Guards, b. 1792, d. 10 Oct. 1812."
  9. ^ Burke 1949, p. 603, right column, line 58: "d. 11 April 1811."
  10. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, line 18: "CHARLOTTE, m. 3 July 1813, lord Frederick Beauclerk."
  11. ^ Burke 1949, p. 603, right column, line 59: "Charlotte, m. 1813, Rev. Lord Frederick Beauclerk, D.D., 4th son of the 5th Duke of St. Albans, and d. 26 Sept. 1866."
  12. ^ La Tour du Pin 1913a, pp. 14–15: "Note généalogique sur la Maison des Lords Dillon"
  13. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 24: "He m., 9 Feb. 1807, at Castle McGarrett, co. Mayo, Henrietta, sister of Dominick, 1st Baron ORANMORE AND BROWNE [I.], da. of Dominick Geoffrey Browne by Margaret, da. of the Hon. George BROWNE, 4th s. of the 1st EARL OF ALTAMONT [I.]."
  14. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 36: "HENRIETTA MARIA, b. 1808, m. 7 Oct. 1826 Edward-John-Stanley, esq., eldest son of John Stanley of Alderley, bart."
  15. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 362, line 4: "CHARLES HENRY (DILLON-LEE), VISCOUNT DILLON OF COSTELLO-GALLEN [I.], 2nd but 1st surviv. s. and h., b. 20 April 1810 in Ely Place, Dublin ..."
  16. ^ Burke 1949, p. 604, left column, near bottom: "THEOBALD DOMINICK GEOFFREY, 15th Viscount Dillon, D.L., sometime 60th Rifles, b. 5 April 1811; m. 28 Sept. 1856, Sara Augusta (who d. 17 July 1890) dau. of Alexander Hanna, and, who d.s.p. 31 Nov. 1879, when he was s. by his brother ..."
  17. ^ Burke 1949, p. 604, left column, penultimate line: "ARTHUR EDMUND DENIS, 16th Viscount Dillon, J.P. and D.L., B.A., F.S.A., F.R.G.S, F.Z.S., b. 10 April 1812, m. 22 April 1843 Ellen dau. of James Adderly ..."
  18. ^ Burke 1949, p. 603, right column, line 72: "Constantine Augustus DILLON served in R.N., 7th Dragoon Guards, and 17th Lancers, b. 14 Sept. 1813, m. 10 Feb. 1842 Fanny Dorothea, 3rd dau. of P.L. Story, and d. 16 Aug. 1853 ..."
  19. ^ Burke 1949, p. 604, left column, line 21: "Robert George Lee, b. 7 Oct. 1817, d. Sept. 1822."
  20. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 39: "MARGARET FRANCES FLORENCE, b. 3 Feb. 1818, a maid of honour to her majesty."
  21. ^ Burke 1949, p. 604, left column, line 22: "Gerald Normanby-FITZGIBBON of Mount Shannon, co. Limerick, J.P and D.L., Capt. Oxford mil., b. 21 Nov. 1823; m. 22 May 1827 Lady Louisa Fitz-Gibbon, dau. and co-heir of 3rd Earl of Clare, and d. 3 Jan. 1880 ..."
  22. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 41: "LOUISA-ANNE-ROSE, b. 21 July 1825."
  23. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 42: "HELENA-MATILDA, b. 31 Jan. 1827."
  24. ^ a b Debrett 1828, p. 749, line 11: "The viscount d. 9 Nov 1813, and was succeeded by his only son ..."
  25. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 14: "He d. 9 Nov. 1813 at Loughglin House, co. Roscommon, aged 68.
  26. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 27: "He d. in Lower Brook Street, Midx, 24 and was bur. 31 July 1832 at Spelsbury, aged 54"
  • Brown, Michael; Power, Thomas P. (2005), Converts and Conversion in Ireland 1650–1850, Dublin: Four Courts Press, ISBN 1-85182-810-9
  • Burke, Bernard (1949), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire (99th ed.), London: Burke's Peerage Ltd.
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1916), Gibbs, Vicary (ed.), The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, 4 (2nd ed.), London: St Catherine Press – Dacre to Dysart
  • Debrett, John (1828), Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, 2 (17th ed.), London: F. C. and J. Rivington – Scotland and Ireland (for Dillon)
  • Debrett, John (1838), Courthope, William (ed.), Debrett's Complete Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (22nd ed.), London: F. C. and J. Rivington
  • La Tour du Pin, Henriette-Lucy, Marquise de (1913a), Journal d'une femme de cinquante ans (in French), 1 (7th ed.), Paris: Librairie Chapelot
  • La Tour du Pin, Henriette-Lucy, Marquise de (1913b), Journal d'une femme de cinquante ans (in French), 2 (7th ed.), Paris: Librairie Chapelot

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Richard Hopkins
John Robinson
Member of Parliament for Harwich
1799–1801
With: John Robinson
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of Great Britain Member of Parliament for Harwich
18011802
With: John Robinson
Succeeded by
Thomas Myers
John Robinson
Preceded by
Denis Browne
George Jackson
Member of Parliament for Mayo
1802 – 1814
With: Denis Browne
Succeeded by
Denis Browne
Dominick Browne
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Charles Dillon
Viscount Dillon
1813–1832
Succeeded by
Charles Dillon