Henry Dillon, 13th Viscount Dillon

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Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee
Viscount Dillon
Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee Hoppner.jpg
Portrait by John Hoppner
Tenure1813–1832
PredecessorCharles, 12th Viscount Dillon
SuccessorCharles, 14th Viscount Dillon
Born28 October 1777
Brussels
Died24 July 1832
London
Spouse(s)Henrietta Browne
Issue
Detail
Henrietta, Charles, Constantine, & others
FatherCharles, 12th Viscount Dillon
MotherHenrietta Maria Phipps

Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee, 13th Viscount Dillon (1777–1832), was an Irish peer, soldier, writer, and MP for Harwich in England and County Mayo in Ireland. He wrote about Catholic emancipation in Ireland, about military subjects, and also published two historical novels.

Birth and origins[edit]

Henry Augustus was born on 28 October 1777 at Brussels, then the capital of the Austrian Netherlands. He was the elder of the two children and the only son of Charles Dillon-Lee and his first wife Henrietta Maria Phipps.[1] His father, the 12th Viscount Dillon, had conformed to the established religion.[2] His mother was the only daughter of Constantine John Phipps, 1st Baron Mulgrave, an Anglo-Irish family. Thus both parents were Protestants and part of the Protestant Ascendancy in Ireland. They had married in 1776 at Brussels.[3]

He appears below as the elder of two siblings:

  1. Henry Augustus (1777–1832)
  2. Frances Charlotte (1780–1819), married Thomas Webb, Baronet[4]
Family tree
Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee with wife, parents, and other selected relatives.[a]
Constantine
1st Baron
Mulgrave

1722–1775
Lepell
Hervey
Henry
11th
Viscount

1705–1787
Charlotte
Lee

d. 1794
Henrietta-
Maria
Phipps

1757–1782
Charles
12th
Viscount

1745–1813
Marie
Rogier

d. 1833
Arthur
Dillon

1750–1794
Henry
Augustus
13th
Viscount

1777–1832
Henrietta
Browne

1789–1862
Charles
Henry
14th
Viscount

1810–1865
Theobald
Dominick
15th
Viscount

1811–1879
Arthur
Edmund
16th
Viscount

1812–1892
Ellen
Adderly
1809–1896
Harold Arthur
17th
Viscount

1844–1932
Conrad
Adderly
Dillon

1845–1901
Ellen
Louisa
Dashwood
d. 1917
Legend
XXXSubject of
the article
XXXViscounts
Dillon

Early life[edit]

His mother died in 1782[6] when Henry Augustus was only four. In 1787 his father remarried to Marie Rogier of Mechelen,[7] who had been an actress in Brussels and had been his father's mistress before he married Henry's mother.[8] He had three half-siblings from his father's second marriage, which are:

In 1794, when he was 17 years old, Henry Augustus was made a Colonel of a regiment in the newly created Catholic Irish Brigade, an unlikely employment for a Protestant, that was due to his family's military connection to the Irish Brigade. This Catholic Irish Brigade lasted four years, being dissolved in 1798.

He went to England where, in 1799, aged 22, he was a Member of Parliament for County Harwich in Essex. In 1802 he became an MP for County Mayo (knight of the shire) in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom.

In 1805 he raised a new regiment in Ireland, called the Duke of York's Irish or the 101th Regiment of Foot. He owned the regiment and hired out its services to the British army under a letter of service.

Marriage and children[edit]

In February 1807, Henry Augustus Dillon-Lee married Henrietta Browne, sister of Dominick, 1st Baron Oranmore and Browne, daughter of Dominick-Geoffrey Browne, by Margaret, daughter of George Browne, 4th son of the 1st Earl of Altamont. The marriage took place at Castle MacGarrett near Claremorris, County Mayo, Ireland. The Brownes were an Anglo-Irish and Protestant family.[13]

Painted portrait of a clean-shaven man with fair curly hair wearing a dark coat and sitting on a red chair.
Henry Dillon-Lee, Viscount Dillon, by John Hoppner

Augustus and Henrietta had ten children:

  1. Henrietta Maria (1807–1896), married Edward Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley, and campaigned for better education for girls[b]
  2. Charles Henry (1810–1865), born in Dublin, died at Ditchley, Oxford; succeeded his father as 14th Viscount[17]
  3. Theobald Dominick (1811–1879), the 15th Viscount Dillon, who died childless and was succeeded by his brother[18]
  4. Arthur Edmund Denis (1812–1892), married Ellen Adderley and succeeded his brother as the 16th Viscount Dillon[19]
  5. Constantine (1813–1853), who emigrated to New Zealand[20]
  6. Robert George Lee (1817–1822), who died young[21]
  7. Margaret Frances Florence (1818–1885), who was a maid of honour to her majesty and married the geologist William Hamilton[22]
  8. Gerald Normanby (1823–1880), married Louisa FitzGibbon, daughter of Richard Hobart FitzGibbons, 3rd Earl of Clare, and changed his surname to hers[23]
  9. Louisa Anne Rose (1825–1902), married the Hon. Spencer-Cecil Ponsonby of Bessborough[24]
  10. Helena Matilda (born 1827)[25]
Breaking my own horse (H. A. Dillon) by James Gillray, 1803

Later life, death, and timeline[edit]

His regiment was ordered to Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, to where he also took his wife and where his eldest child was born in 1807.[14]

On 9 November 1813 his father died at Loughglinn, County Roscommon, and was buried in the Dillon Vault at Ballyhaunis.[26][27] Henry succeeded as the 13th Viscount Dillon, at the age of 36.

Lord Dillon lived with his wife and children in Florence, Italy in the late 1810s and in London in the 1820s where he seems to have had an affair with the writer Eliza Rennie.[28] and where wrote his two historical novels, Maltravers, published in 1822, and Rosaline de Vere, published in 1824.

He died on 24 July 1832 in London and was buried in the All Saints Church at Spelsbury.[29] He was the first Dillon to be buried in Spelsbury. His widow died thirty years later at the Hotel Windsor, Paris, 18 March 1862, aged 73.

Works[edit]

Henry Dillon's published works include:

  • Short View of the Catholic Question (London: J. Debrett, 1801), 32 pages
  • Letter to the Noblemen and Gentlemen who Composed the Deputation from the Catholics of Ireland on the Subject of their Mission (London: J. Budd, Crown and Mitre, 1805), online at Google Books, 56 pages
  • A Commentary on the Military Establishments and Defence of the British Empire (Dillon publisher: Printed by Cox, Son, and Baylis ... for E. Kerby, 1811)
  • The Tactics of Ælian: Comprising Military Systems of the Grecians (London: E. Kerby, 1814), online at Google Books
  • Discourse upon the Theory of Legitimate Government (Florence, 1817), online at Google Books, 89 pages
  • The Life and Opinions of Sir Richard Maltravers: an English Gentleman of the Seventeenth Century, Volume 1 (London: G. and W.B. Whittaker, 1822), online at Google Books Corvey CME 3-628-48097-3; ECB 345; EN2 1822: 29; NSTC 2D13576; OCLC 35663915.
  • The life and opinions of Sir Richard Maltravers: an English gentleman of the seventeenth century, Volume 2 (London: G. and W.B. Whittaker, 1822), online at Google Books
  • Rosaline de Vere, Volume 1 (London: Treuttel and Würtz, Treuttel junior and Richter, 1824), online at Internet Archive Corvey CME 3-628-48547-9; ECB 502; EN2 1824: 29; NSTC 2D13577; OCLC 12423730.
  • Rosaline de Vere, Volume 2 (London: Treuttel and Würtz, Treuttel junior and Richter, 1824), online at Internet Archive

Also: various works of jurisprudence.

Notes, citations, and sources[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This family tree is partly derived from the Dillon family tree pictured in La Tour du Pin.[5] Also see the lists of siblings and children in the text.
  2. ^ Henrietta Stanley was born on 21 December 1807 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada,[14][15] but John Debrett (1828) wrongly says in 1808.[16]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 18: "Henry Augustus (Dillon-Lee), Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen [I. [Ireland]], only s. [son] and h. [heir], by 1st wife b. [born] 28 Oct. 1777 at Brussels ..."
  2. ^ Brown & Power 2005, p. 284: "... the succession of the title and lands of the Dillons in Ireland was assured by the conversion of Henry's eldest son Charles Dillon (later twelfth Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen) in Dublin of 4 December 1767 ..."
  3. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 10: "He m. [married], 1stly, 19 Aug. 1776 at Brussels, Henrietta Maria, da. [daughter] of Constantine John (Phipps) 1st Baron Mulgrave [I. {Ireland}] by Lepell da. of John (Hervey) Baron Hervey of Ickworth. She, who was b. [born] 26 Mar. 1757, d. [died] 1 Aug. 1782.
  4. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, line 11: "Frances-Charlotte, b. [born] 17 Feb. 1780, m. [married] 14 March 1799, sir Thomas Webb, of Oddstock, co. Wilts., bart., and d. [died] 27 April 1819."
  5. ^ La Tour du Pin 1913a, pp. 14–15: "Note généalogique sur la Maison des Lords Dillon"
  6. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 13a: "She [Henrietta-Maria], who was b. [born] 26 Mar. 1757, d. [died] 1 Aug. 1782."
  7. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 13b: "He m. [married] , 2ndly, in 1787, Marie ROGIER, of Malines, in Belgium.
  8. ^ La Tour du Pin 1913b, p. 162, line 3: "... elle avait toutes les apparences de ce qu'elle était en réalité: une vieille actrice. Mon oncle l'avait eue comme maitresse avant d'épouser Miss Phipps, fille du Lord Mulgrave."
  9. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, left column, line 49: "James William, Ensign, Gren. Guards, b. [born] 1792, d. [died] 10 Oct. 1812."
  10. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, left column, line 50: "d. [died] 11 April 1811."
  11. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, line 18: "Charlotte, m. [married] 3 July 1813, lord Frederick Beauclerk."
  12. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, left column, line 51: "Charlotte, m. [married] 1813, Rev. Lord Frederick Beauclerk, D.D., 4th son of the 5th Duke of St. Albans, and d. [died] 26 Sept. 1866."
  13. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 24: "He m. [married], 9 Feb. 1807, at Castle McGarrett, co. Mayo, Henrietta, sister of Dominick, 1st Baron Oranmore and Browne [I. [Ireland]], da. [daughter] of Dominick Geoffrey Browne by Margaret, da. of the Hon. George Browne, 4th s. [son] of the 1st Earl of Altamont [I. [Ireland]]."
  14. ^ a b Morgan 1903, p. 322, line 3: "... was born in Nova Scotia, December 21st, 1807, her father being stationed there, at the time, in command of his regiment, the 101th Foot."
  15. ^ Sutherland 2004, p. 210, left column, line : "... born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, on 21 December 1807 ..."
  16. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 36: "Henrietta Maria, b. [born] 1808, m. [married] 7 Oct. 1826 Edward-John-Stanley, esq., eldest son of John Stanley of Alderley, bart."
  17. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 362, line 4: "Charles Henry (Dillon-Lee), Viscount Dillon of Costello-Gallen [I. [Ireland]], 2nd but 1st surviv. s. [son] and h. [heir], b. [born] 2 April 1810 in Ely Place, Dublin ..."
  18. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, right column, line 61: "Theobald Dominick Geoffrey, 15th Viscount Dillon, D.L., sometime 60th Rifles, b. [born] 5 April 1811; m. [married] 28 Sept. 1856, Sara Augusta (who d. [died] 17 July 1890) dau. [daughter] of Alexander Hanna, and, who d.s.p. [died without issue] 31 Nov. 1879, when he was s. [succeeded] by his brother ..."
  19. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, right column, line 65: "Arthur Edmund Denis, 16th Viscount Dillon, J.P. and D.L., B.A., F.S.A., F.R.G.S, F.Z.S., b. [born] 10 April 1812, m. [married] 22 April 1843 Ellen dau. [daughter] of James Adderly ..."
  20. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, left column, line 30: "Constantine Augustus DILLON served in R.N. [Royal Navy], 7th Dragoon Guards, and 17th Lancers, b. [born] 14 Sept. 1813, m. [married] 10 Feb. 1842 Fanny Dorothea, 3rd dau. of P.L. Story, and d. [died] 16 Aug. 1853 ..."
  21. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, left column, penultimate line: "Robert George Lee, b. [born] 7 Oct. 1817, d. [died] Sept. 1822."
  22. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 39: "Margaret Frances Florence, b. [born] 3 Feb. 1818, a maid of honour to her majesty."
  23. ^ Burke & Burke 1909, p. 585, left column, last line: "Gerald Normanby-FitzGibbon of Mount Shannon, co. Limerick, J.P and D.L., Capt. Oxford mil., b. [born] 21 Nov. 1823; m. [married] 22 May 1827 Lady Louisa Fitz-Gibbon, dau. [daughter] and co-heir of 3rd Earl of Clare, and d. [died] 3 Jan. 1880 ..."
  24. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 41: "Louisa-Anne-Rose, b. [born] 21 July 1825."
  25. ^ Debrett 1838, p. 609, right column, line 42: "Helena-Matilda, b. [born] 31 Jan. 1827."
  26. ^ a b Debrett 1828, p. 749, line 11: "The viscount d. [died] 9 Nov 1813, and was succeeded by his only son ..."
  27. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 14: "He d. [died] 9 Nov. 1813 at Loughglin House, co. Roscommon, aged 68.
  28. ^ Sunstein 1989, p. []: "... the literary Lord Dillon ... was said to be Eliza Rennie's lover."
  29. ^ a b Cokayne 1916, p. 361, line 27: "He d. [died] in Lower Brook Street, Midx, 24 and was bur. [buried] 31 July 1832 at Spelsbury, aged 54"

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Harwich
1799–1801
With: John Robinson
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of Great Britain Member of Parliament for Harwich
18011802
With: John Robinson
Succeeded by
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Mayo
1802 – 1814
With: Denis Browne
Succeeded by
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by Viscount Dillon
1813–1832
Succeeded by