|Chair of the Senate Aging Committee|
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||Gordon H. Smith|
|Succeeded by||Bill Nelson|
|United States Senator|
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2013
|Preceded by||William Proxmire|
|Succeeded by||Tammy Baldwin|
|Chair of the Wisconsin Democratic Party|
|Preceded by||M. William Gerrard|
|Succeeded by||Michael N. Bleicher|
|Born||February 7, 1935|
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Education||University of Wisconsin–Madison (BS)|
Harvard University (MBA)
|Branch/service||United States Army|
|Years of service||1958–1964|
Herbert H. Kohl (born February 7, 1935) is an American businessman and politician. Alongside his brother and father, the Kohl family created the Kohl's department stores chain, of which Kohl went on to be president and CEO. Kohl also served as a United States senator from Wisconsin from 1989 to 2013 as a member of the Democratic Party. He chose not to seek re-election in 2012 and was succeeded by fellow Democrat Tammy Baldwin. Kohl is also the former owner of the Milwaukee Bucks of the National Basketball Association.
Early life, education, and career
Kohl was born and raised in Milwaukee, the son of Mary (née Hiken) and Max Kohl. His father was a Polish Jewish immigrant and his mother was a Russian Jewish immigrant. He attended Washington High School. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Wisconsin in 1956 and a Master of Business Administration degree from Harvard Business School in 1958. While an undergraduate, he joined the Pi Lambda Phi fraternity. He was also a roommate of Major League Baseball Commissioner Bud Selig. Between 1958 and 1964, Kohl was a member of the United States Army Reserve.
After finishing graduate school, Kohl worked as an investor in real estate and the stock market, eventually spinning off his own company, Kohl Investments, to manage these assets. He and his brother became heir to a family-owned chain that included 50 grocery stores and several department stores, pharmacies and liquor stores. In 1970, Kohl was named president of Kohl's and served until the corporation was sold to BATUS Inc. (formerly British American Tobacco).
Early political career
Kohl served as chairman of the Wisconsin Democratic Party between 1975 and 1977.
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies (Chairman)
- Subcommittee on Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Defense
- Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies
- Committee on Banking, Housing, Urban Affairs
- Committee on the Judiciary (Vice Chairman)
- Special Committee on Aging (Chairman)
Kohl has been described as a populist-leaning liberal.
Kohl supported President Barack Obama's health reform legislation; he voted for the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act in December 2009, and he voted for the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010.
He has voted in favor of most lawsuit reform measures as well as for rules tightening personal bankruptcy. He has long supported amending the U.S. Constitution to require a balanced budget. He was one of the few Democrats to vote for the tax cut passed in 2001, and he also supported the elimination of the "marriage penalty". Despite these views, he has been seen as generally supportive of progressive taxation. Like many moderate Democrats, he voted in favor of the welfare reform measures in the mid-1990s. He is also not opposed to the creation of individual, private savings accounts to supplement Social Security.
Kohl has generally had a pro-environmental record and has been an outspoken proponent of American energy independence. He supports increased production of hydrogen cars, establishing a federal goal for reducing oil consumption by 40 percent, and disallowing oil speculation in protected areas. However, he has voted against Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards. Kohl has been rated highly by groups that desire universal health care. He has voted in favor of expanding Medicare and SCHIP and has desired that prescription drugs be included under federal health coverage. During his 2006 re-election campaign, Kohl advocated that HMOs be placed under more scrutiny in order to determine if they're effectively delivering care.
Kohl is strongly pro-choice and opposes the death penalty. He is highly in favor of affirmative action and supports setting aside funds for women and minorities. Although he voted in favor of the 1996 Defense of Marriage Act, Kohl rejected the proposal to amend the U.S. Constitution to define marriage as between one man and one woman and has supported measures that ban discrimination based on sexual orientation. Kohl has consistently voted against the flag desecration amendment and in recent years has voted against restrictions on travel to Cuba and funding for TV Martí. In 2005, he secured a victory for one of his main causes: requiring handguns to be sold with child safety locks. The amendment was attached to the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act, with every Democrat and many Republicans voting in favor of the amendment. Earlier in his career, he helped push the Gun-Free Schools Act which the U.S. Supreme Court overturned in 1995 and has submitted many amendments to that effect. He is a strong supporter of public education and has rejected school vouchers. Kohl has voted in favor of allowing for the establishment of educational savings accounts.
Kohl has voted against many free trade agreements including the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and more recently the Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) and voted against the Freedom to Farm Act in 1996. However, he has also supported fast-tracking trade normalization with China and establishing free trade with some smaller countries of the developing world. He voted against authorizing the Gulf War in 1990; however, he voted in 2002 to authorize military force in Iraq. Kohl has voted on a number of occasions with more liberal Democrats to reduce military spending, voting against 1996 defense appropriations increases and supporting a veto of funding new military projects. Despite having been among the 98 U.S. senators who voted for the PATRIOT Act, Kohl subsequently opposed this legislation and has voted to require warrants for wiretapping or the detention of prisoners.
Kohl won election to the U.S. Senate in 1988 with his trademark catchphrase "Nobody's Senator But Yours". He was re-elected in 1994, 2000 and 2006. He did not seek re-election in 2012.
|Democratic||Herb Kohl (incumbent)||1,439,214||67.31||+5.77%|
|Independent||Ben J. Glatzel||25,096||1.17||+1.17%|
|Democratic||Herb Kohl (incumbent)||1,563,238||61.54||+3.25%|
|Democratic||Herb Kohl (incumbent)||912,662||58.29||+6.21%|
|Democratic||Doug La Follette||19,819||3.72|
Kohl is the wealthiest resident of Milwaukee, the richest Jewish American from Wisconsin, and was one of the wealthiest U.S. senators. In 2016, Forbes estimated Kohl's net worth to be around $630 million to $1.5 billion.
On May 13, 2011, Kohl announced he would not run for re-election in 2012, saying, "The office doesn't belong to me. It belongs to the people of Wisconsin, and there is something to be said for not staying in office too long."
Kohl purchased the Milwaukee Bucks from Jim Fitzgerald in 1985 for $18 million to ensure the team remained in Milwaukee. In 2003, he considered an offer to sell the team to former NBA superstar Michael Jordan, but decided to retain ownership. On April 16, 2014, Kohl agreed to sell the Bucks for $550 million to New York-based billionaires Wesley Edens and Marc Lasry. Kohl was elected to the Wisconsin Athletic Hall of Fame in 2007. On July 22, 2021, Kohl was the key figure of the lead car in the Milwaukee Bucks NBA Championship parade. On the event, he said "This is one of the big days of my life." Kohl attended the Bucks' 2021-22 season opener at Fiserv Forum and was presented with a Bucks championship ring for his efforts in keeping the Bucks in Milwaukee.
Kohl donated $25 million to the University of Wisconsin–Madison for construction of its new sports arena, which was named the Kohl Center. In 1990, Kohl established the Herb Kohl Educational Foundation Achievement Award Program, which provides annual grants totaling $400,000 to 200 graduating seniors, 100 teachers and 100 schools throughout Wisconsin. In 2016, he gave $1.5 million to the La Follette School of Public Affairs to create the Herb Kohl Public Service Research Competition, promoting public policy research.
- ^ Stone, Kurt F. (29 December 2010). The Jews of Capitol Hill: A Compendium of Jewish Congressional Members. Scarecrow Press. p. 470. ISBN 9780810877382. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- ^ "Working Hard for Working Families" (PDF). Senate.gov. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 December 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
- ^ Rettig, Jessica (28 June 2010). "10 Things You Didn't Know About Herb Kohl". US News. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- ^ "Herb Kohl". Alumni Park. Wisconsin Alumni Association. University of Wisconsin-Madison. Retrieved 18 January 2019.
- ^ a b c d "Herbert Kohl on the Issues". Ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2012-05-11.
- ^ "U.S. Senate: Legislation & Records Home > Votes > Roll Call Vote". Senate.gov. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
- ^ Kohl, Sen. Herbert (27 July 2005). "Kohl Amendment: Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act". GovTrack. Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
- ^ "Seven New Faces". Time. June 24, 2001. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
- ^ "2004-05 NBA salary report". USA Today. Gannett Co. Inc. May 20, 2005. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
- ^ "Herb Kohl". Forbes. Retrieved 14 April 2016.
- ^ Walker, Don; Gilbert, Craig (May 12, 2011). "Kohl announces he will not seek re-election". Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Archived from the original on 14 January 2012. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
- ^ Walker, Don (17 April 2014). "Kohl sells Bucks for $550 million; $200 million pledged for new arena". Jsonline.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014.
- ^ "Former Sen. Herb Kohl: '1 of the big days of my life'". 22 July 2021.
- ^ "Kohl and Selig Honored with 2014 Distinguished Alumni Award". Wisconsin Alumni Association. University of Wisconsin. December 23, 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
- 1935 births
- Living people
- 20th-century American politicians
- 21st-century American politicians
- American businesspeople in retailing
- American philanthropists
- American Ashkenazi Jews
- Businesspeople from Milwaukee
- Democratic Party of Wisconsin chairs
- Democratic Party United States senators from Wisconsin
- Harvard Business School alumni
- Jewish American people in Wisconsin politics
- Jewish American philanthropists
- Jewish United States senators
- Milwaukee Bucks executives
- National Basketball Association owners
- Politicians from Milwaukee
- Military personnel from Milwaukee
- United States Army reservists
- University of Wisconsin–Madison alumni
- Wisconsin Democrats
- 21st-century American Jews