Her Majesty's Ship
Her or His Majesty's Ship (HMS) is the ship prefix used for ships of the navy in some monarchies, either formally or informally.
Seine Majestät Schiff (pronounced [ˈzaɪ̯nɐ majɛsˈtɛːt ʃɪf]; German: "His Majesty's Ship", abbreviated to S.M.S. or SMS) was the ship prefix used by the Prussian Maritime Enterprise (Seehandlung), the Prussian Navy, the Imperial German Navy (Kaiserliche Marine) and the Austro-Hungarian Navy. It was created by translating the British prefix into German.
It was sometimes also abbreviated to S.M. or SM (for Seiner Majestät) when a ship was mentioned by class, such as S.M. Kleiner Kreuzer Emden ("His Majesty's Light Cruiser Emden").
Special forms included
- S.M.Y. (or SMY) = Seiner Majestät Yacht ("His Majesty's Yacht") for king's or emperor's yacht
- I.M.Y. = Ihrer Majestät Yacht ("Her Majesty's Yacht") for the queen's or empress' yacht.
- S.M.F. = Seiner Majestät Feuerschiff ("His Majesty's Lightvessel")
- S.M.H. = Seiner Majestät Hilfsschiff ("His Majesty's Auxiliary Ship")
- S.M.W. = Seiner Majestät Werkstattschiff ("His Majesty's Workshop Ship")
- S.M.U. = Seiner Majestät Unterseeboot ("His Majesty's Submarine", prefixing a number not a name)
Abroad, Swedish navy ships are sometimes given the prefix HSwMS (for His Swedish Majesty's Ship), this in order so that any confusion with other uses of HMS can be avoided.
In the British Royal Navy, the prefix was originally always quoted in full; the first recorded use of the abbreviated form, "HMS", was in 1789 in respect of HMS Phoenix. Formerly, HBMS (for His or Her Britannic Majesty's Ship) was also used.
Submarines in Her Majesty's service also use the prefix HMS, standing for "Her Majesty's Submarine". The Royal Yacht Britannia, which was a commissioned ship in the Royal Navy, was known as HMY Britannia. Otherwise all ships in the Royal Navy are known as HM Ships, though formerly when a distinction was made between three-masted ship-rigged ships and smaller vessels they would be called HM Frigate X, or HM Sloop Y.
The prefix "HMS" is also used by shore establishments that are commissioned "stone frigates" in the Royal Navy. Examples include HMS Excellent, which is a training school located on an island in Portsmouth Harbour, and HMS Vulcan, in Caithness in the Highland area of Scotland, which is established to test the design of nuclear power systems for use in submarines.
The sample ship name used by the Royal Navy to signify a hypothetical vessel is HMS Nonsuch. This is a name that has been used by the Royal Navy in the past; on the eve of World War II the name devolved to the Royal Canadian Navy. HMCS Nonsuch is at present the "stone frigate" of the Edmonton Division of the Canadian Naval Reserve.
British government ships not in the Royal Navy have other designations, such as "RFA" for ships in the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
Commonwealth Realms and former British Empire
Historically, variants on "HMS" have been used by the navies of British colonies. The practice is maintained in several Commonwealth realms (states which recognise Queen Elizabeth II as their head of state).
- Canada: Her Majesty's Canadian Ship (HMCS) / (French: Navire canadien de Sa Majesté ) (NCSM) – Royal Canadian Navy
- Australia: Her Majesty's Australian Ship (HMAS) – Royal Australian Navy
- New Zealand: Her Majesty's New Zealand Ship (HMNZS) – Royal New Zealand Navy
- Bahamas: Her Majesty's Bahamian Ship (HMBS) – Royal Bahamas Defence Force
- Barbados: Her Majesty's Barbadian Ship (HMBS) – Barbados Defence Force
- Papua New Guinea: Her Majesty's Papua New Guinean Ship (HMPNGS)
- Jamaica: Her Majesty's Jamaican Ship (HMJS) – Jamaica Defence Force
- Tuvalu: Her Majesty's Tuvalu Surveillance Ship (HMTSS)
- Colonial: Her Majesty's Colonial Ship (HMCS)
- Australia: Commonwealth Naval Ship (CNS)
- British India: Her Majesty's Indian Ship (HMIS)
- Burma: Her Majesty's Burmese Ship (HMBS)
- South Africa: Her Majesty's South African Ship (HMSAS)
- Ceylon: Her Majesty's Ceylon Ship (HMCyS)
- Pakistan: Her Majesty's Pakistani Ship (HMPS)
- Queensland (before the federation of Australia): Her Majesty's Queensland Ship (HMQS)
- Victoria (before the federation of Australia): Her Majesty's Victorian Ship (HMVS)
- See ship prefix for a list
- Royal Mail Ship (RMS)
- Category:Ships of the Royal Navy
- Seiner Majestät Schiff (SMS)
- HM Prison (HMP)
- Her Majesty's Young Offender Institution (HMYOI)
- Her Majesty's Government (HMG)
- Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress The Tower of London
- United States Ship
- Ordbok: "H" Försvarsmakten (Swedish)
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