IBM (atoms)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
"IBM" spelled out using 35 xenon atoms

IBM in atoms was a demonstration by IBM scientists in 1989[1] of a technology capable of manipulating individual atoms. A scanning tunneling microscope was used to arrange 35 individual xenon atoms on a substrate of chilled crystal of nickel to spell out the three letter company initialism. It was the first time atoms had been precisely positioned on a flat surface.[2]

On Apr 30, 2013 IBM published an article on its website and a video on YouTube called "A Boy And His Atom: The World's Smallest Movie".[3]

Research[edit]

Donald Eigler and Erhard Schweizer of the IBM Almaden Research Center in San Jose, California, used a scanning tunneling microscope to position 35 individual xenon atoms on a substrate of chilled crystal of nickel to form the acronym "IBM". They also created chains of xenon atoms similar in form to molecules.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "IBM's 35 atoms and the rise of nanotech".
  2. ^ "2 Researchers Spell 'I.B.M.,' Atom by Atom". The New York Times. 5 April 1990.
  3. ^ A Boy And His Atom: The World's Smallest Movie - IBM A Boy And His Atom: The World's Smallest Movie - YouTube

External links[edit]