IEBus

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


IEBus (Inter Equipment Bus)
Communications protocol
D6708 CloseUp.png
μPD72042B protocol controller made by NEC
Purpose Communication between equipments within a vehicle or a chassis.
e.g.) Car audio,Vending machine,etc.
Developer(s) Renesas (formerly NEC Electronics)
Introduced 1993; 25 years ago (1993)
Based on PWM (pulse-width modulation)
Base clock: 6.000 MHz (6.291 MHz)
OSI layer "Physical" and "Data link" layer
Hardware IEBus controller & Transceiver

IEBus (Inter Equipment Bus) is a communication bus specification "between equipments within a vehicle or a chassis" of Renesas Electronics. It defines OSI model layer 1 and layer 2 specification. IEBus is mainly used for car audio and car navigations, which established de-facto standard in Japan, though SAE J1850 is major in United States.[1]
IEBus is also used in some vending machines, which major customer is Fuji Electric.[2]:244(42) Each button on the vending machine has an IEBus ID, i.e. has a controller.
Detailed specification is disclosed to licensees only, but protocol analyzers are provided from some test equipment vendors.[3] Its modulation method is PWM (Pulse-Width Modulation) with 6.00 MHz base clock originally, but most of automotive customers use 6.291 MHz, and physical layer is a pair of differential signalling harness. Its physical layer adopts half-duplex, asynchronous, and multi-master communication with CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision Detection) for access control.[4]:7 It allows for up to fifty units on one bus over a maximum length of 150 meters.[4]:7 Two differential signalling lines are used with Bus+ / Bus− naming,[4]:5 sometimes labeled as Data(+) / Data(−).

It is sometimes described as "IE-BUS", "IE-Bus," or "IE Bus," but these are incorrect. In formal, it is "IEBus." IEBus® and Inter Equipment Bus® are registered trademark symbols of Renesas Electronics Corporation, formerly NEC Electronics Corporation, (JPO: Reg. No.2552418[5] and 2552419[6], respectively).

Contents

History[edit]

In the middle of '80s, semiconductor unit of NEC Corporation, currently Renesas Electronics, started the study for increasing demands for automotive audio systems.[7] IEBus is introduced as a solution for the distributed control system.[8]:18

In late 80's, several similar specifications, including the Domestic Digital Bus (D2B), the Japanese Home Bus (HBS),[9][10][11] and the European Home System (EHS) are proposed by different companies or organizations. These were once discussed as IEC 61030,[12] but it is withdrawn in 2006. IEBus is also a similar specification (refer to "Transfer signal format" section), but not listed in this criteria. As the result, IEBus becomes a de-facto standard of car audio in Japan.[13]:353
Regarding the Domestic Digital Bus (D2B), it is re-defined as D2B Optical by Mercedes-Benz independently.
As for Japanese Home Bus System (HBS), it is defined in 1988 as Home Bus System Standard Specification, ET-2101 by JEITA and REEA (Radio Engineering & Electronics Assiation) in Japan. It was once used by a Japanese air conditioner manufacture. Fujitsu provided HBPC (Home Bus Protocol Coltroller) chip as MB86046B.[11] But it is unclear that Fujitsu (currently, Cypress) still manufactures HBPC LSI as of 2018. This specification is also discussed in Echonet Consortium.[14][15][16][17][18] In 2014, an utility model patent for protocol converter from HBS to RS-485 is granted in China as "CN204006496U." [19]

Regarding the replacement of IEBus, a paper by Hyundai Autonet, currently Hyundai Mobis,[20] describes as follows. "In communication methods for digital input capable amplifiers, Inter Equipment Bus (IEBus) was used in early times, but for now, Controller Area Network (CAN) is mainly used."[21]

Protocol overview[edit]

A paper cup soft drink vending machine utilizing IEBus

A master talks to a slave. Each unit has a master and a slave address register. Only one device can talk on the bus at any given time. There is a pecking order for the types of communications which will take precedence over another. Each communication from master to slave must be replied to by the slave going back to the master with acknowledge bits each of those show ACK or NAK.[4]:10 If the master does not receive the ACK within a predefined time allowance for a mode, it drops the communication and returns to its standby (listen) mode.

Detailed specification of OSI model layer 2 is disclosed to licensees only, but protocol analyzers are provided from some test equipment vendors.[3][22] In 2012, one of Chinese manufacturer's patent is granted as "CN202841169U".[23]

An open-source software emulator called "IEBus Studio" exists on a repository of SourceForge, but the last update was on 2008-02-24.[24][25] Another open-source analyzer software called "IEBusAnalyzer" is available on GitHub repository.[26] Some hobbyist made some tools also.[27]

Physical layer (OSI model layer 1) specification overview[edit]

From µPD6708 data sheet.[4]:7 and µPD78098B Subseries user's manual, hardware.[28]:428

  • Communication system
Half-duplex asynchronous communication
  • Multi-master system
All the units connected to the IEBus can transfer data to the other units.
  • Broadcast communication function (communication between one unit and multiple units)
Normally, communication is individually carried out from one unit to another. By using the broadcast communication function, however, communication can be executed from one unit to plural units as follows:
  • Group broadcast communication: Broadcast communication to group units
  • Simultaneous broadcast communication: Broadcast communication to all units
  • Effective transmission rate
The effective transmission rate can be selected from the following three communication modes:
Mixture of the plural of modes in the same bus line is not allowed.
Correct communication between different base clock is not possible.
Mode Maximum Number of Transfer Bytes
(bytes/frame)
6.000000 MHz
base clock
6.291456 MHz
base clock
0 16 Approx. 3.9 Kbps Approx. 4.1 Kbps
1 32 Approx. 17 Kbps Approx. 18 Kbps
2 128 Approx. 26 Kbps Approx. 27 Kbps
  • Access control
CSMA/CD (Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection)
The priority of occupying IEBus is as follows:
«1» Broadcast communication takes precedence over individual communication.
«2» The lower the master address, the higher the priority.
  • Communication scale
    • Number of units: 50 MAX.
    • Cable length: 150 m MAX. (when a twisted pair cable is used)
    • Load capacity:
        MAX. 8000 pF; between Bus+ and Bus−, (6.000000 MHz base clock)
        MAX. 7100 pF; between Bus+ and Bus−, (6.291456 MHz base clock)
    • Terminating resistor: 120 Ω
  • Logic level[4]:19,66
    • Logic 1: Low level. Voltage difference between Bus+ and Bus− is under 20mV
    • Logic 0: High Level. Voltage difference between Bus+ and Bus− is over 120mV
      • In-phase input voltage high: Bus+ ≤ (VDD-1.0) V, Bus− ≥ 1.0 V

Transfer signal format[edit]

From µPD6708 data sheet.[4]:10 and µPD78098B Subseries user's manual, hardware.[28]:433

This frame format is much similar to that of Domestic Digital Bus (D2B).[29]:§10.2, p.361

  • All fields are MSB first.
Field name Header Master
address
field
Slave
address
field
Control
field
Message
length
field
Data fields
Data 1  ···  Data N
Number of bits 1 1 12 1 12 1 1 4 1 1 8 1 1 8 1 1  ···  8 1 1
Signal format Start
bit
Broad-
cast
bit
Master
address
P Slave
address
P A Control
bit
P A Message
length
bit
P A Data
bit
P A  ···  Data
bit
P A
Transfer time At 6.000 MHz base clock
Mode 1 Approx. 7370 μs Approx. 1590×N μs
Mode 2 Applox. 2090 μs Applox. 410×N μs
Mode 3 Applox. 1590 μs Applox. 300×N μs
Remark

P: Parity bit (1 bit); Even parity
A: Acknowledge bit (1 bit)
    When A = 0: ACK
    When A = 1: NAK
    In broadcast communication, the value of the acknowledge bit is ignored.
N: Number of data bytes

Functions of Control bits[edit]

Hex Bit 3 Bit 2 Bit 1 Bit 0 Function Remark
0x0 0 0 0 0 Reads slave status
0x3 0 0 1 1 Reads data and locks unit Locking unit
0x4 0 1 0 0 Reads lock address (lower 8 bits)
0x5 0 1 0 1 Reads lock address (higher 4 bits)
0x6 0 1 1 0 Reads slave status and unlocks unit Unlocking unit
0x7 0 1 1 1 Reads data
0xA 1 0 1 0 Writes command and locks unit Locking unit
0xB 1 0 1 1 Writes data and locks unit Locking unit
0xE 1 1 1 0 Writes command
0xF 1 1 1 1 Writes data
Other than above Undefined No acknowledge bit returned

Bit format[edit]

Each IEBus bit consists of four periods.[28]:435

  • Preparation period: The first or subsequent low-level (logic "1") period
  • Synchronization period: Next high-level (logic "0") period
  • Data period: Period indicating value of bit; ether low-level (logic "1") or high-level (logic "0")
  • Stop period: The last low-level (logic "1") period
  • Synchronization is done by each bit.
  • Time lengths of the synchronization period and data period are almost the same.
  • The time of the entire bits' and each bit's specification, related to the time of each period allocated to it, differ depending both on the type of the transmit bit and on whether the unit is the master or a slave unit.

Automotive manufacturers using IEBus[edit]

A CD changer with six CDs cartridge installed in a trunk room of a car.

Each manufacturer has its own name, but it is not an alias of IEBus. Those are specifications of wire harness which comprise control cables based on IEBus, OSI model layer 3 and above communication protocol, audio cables, interconnection couplers, and so on.

Pioneer[edit]

Pioneer Corporation employed IEBus for its original branded car audio in early '90s. In its earlier stage, it was used just for control bus between the head unit in dashboard and the CD changer usually placed in trunk room. Nowadays, the specification includes connection between head units, navigation systems, rear speaker systems, and so on.

Toyota[edit]

Tear down view of dashboard with car audio head unit of Toyota Camry; OEM by JBL (logo on it)

Pioneer Corporation pushed Toyota Motor Corporation to adopt IEBus as the genuine parts. In 1994, Toyota decided to employ IEBus for its genuine specification,[32] but it is slightly different from that of Pioneer. It is named as AVC-LAN.

Honda/Acura[edit]

Pioneer Corporation also pushed Honda Motor. Honda also decided to adopt IEBus as its genuine parts specification just after Toyota do so.

Sirius XM Satellite Radio[edit]

Sirius XM Satellite Radio is a satellite broadcasting radio operator in US. Its digital media receiver equipment utilizes IEBus.[41]

Evaluation boards[edit]

SAKURA board[edit]

GR-SAKUKRA board and GR-SAKURA-FULL board[42] are Renesas official promotion boards of RX63N chip, which enables IEBus mode 0 and 1, but not mode 2, i.e. not available for Toyota AVC-LAN. They are an Arduino pin compatible low-price ones, suitable for hobbyists. Their color of printed circuit board is SAKURA in Japanese, which means cherry blossom. To evaluate IEBus, an external 5V bus interface transceiver (driver/receiver) IC extension is required. The transceiver needs to correspond to 3.3V microcontroller (TTL logic voltage level) interface, otherwise 3.3V ↔ 5.0V level shifter is required. Dedicated terminals of RX63N chip themselves are 5V tolerant. For further information, refrer to external links.

IEBus IP core[edit]

Semiconductor intellectual property core of IEBus is available via IP core Exchange.[43]

IEBus-enabled ICs[edit]

Most of IEBus controller LSIs require external dedicated bus interface transceivers (driver/receiver ICs). In its earlier stage, bus interface transceiver is included in the device, but it raised some restrictions to users.[44] As is described in Pioneer's paper, external bus interface transceiver seems much stable.[30] Some people tried to use TI's SN75176B for this purpose, but the result seems not to be reported.[45]

Each IEBus controller may have different implementation as long as the specification can be kept. As the result, host CPU load for each IEBus controller implementation differs.

Nowadays, there are thousands of microcontroller products to be list up, those which incorporate various different IEBus controller implementations. The following list is historically notable example.

Independent protocol controller products[edit]

µPD6708 (obsoleted); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

µPD6708;[4] the world's first "IEBus protocol controller" is usually thought as the golden protocol reference LSI. This device supports full specification of IEBus mode 0, 1, and 2. It processes all the layer 1 and 2 of IEBus protocol by itself. It is connected to a host microcontroller via 3-line serial interface. 6.291 MHz base clock is generated from 12.582 MHz external resonator. This product contains IEBus interface transceiver.

µPD72042B (obsoleted); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

μPD72042BGT mounted on TOY-AUX by PIE; Toyota Auxiliary Input Converter

µPD72042B;[46] the second generation of IEBus controller supports mode 0 and 1. This device performs all the processing required for layers 1 and 2 of IEBus protocol. The device incorporate large transmission and reception buffers, allowing host microcontroller to perform IEBus operations without interruption. It also contain an IEBus interface transceiver which allow the device to connect directly to the IEBus interface. It is connected to a host microcontroller via 3-line or 2-line serial interface. 6.291 MHz base clock is generated from 6.291 MHz or 12.782 MHz external resonator. This product contains IEBus interface transceiver.

bus interface transceiver ICs[edit]

Each external bus transceiver (driver/receiver) IC is recommended to connect via 180 Ω protection resistors against both Bus+ and BUS- line.[44]

R2A11210SP (non promotion); by Rnesas[edit]

R2A11210SP[47] is a bus interface transceiver (driver/receiver) IC for IEBus with typically 30 mV hysteresis comparator input.

HA12187FP (non promotion); by Renesas, formerly Hitachi[edit]

HA12187FP[48] is a bus interface transceiver (driver/receiver) IC suitable for IEBus.

HA12240FP (current, as of 2018); by Renesas, formerly Hitachi[edit]

HA12240FP[49] is a bus interface transceiver (driver/receiver) IC for IEBus with hysteresis comparator input.

SN75176B; by Texas Instruments[edit]

SN75176B[50] is a general purpose bus transceiver with 50mV typically hysteresis comparator input. It looks like suitable for IEBus, but the result by a person is not reported.[45]

Microcontrollers incorporates IEBus controller[edit]

78K/0 Series μPD78098 Subseries (obsoleted); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

μPD78P098A[51][52]:§20,pp.385-418[53][54] is a 8-bit single-chip microcontroller with on-chip 60K bytes UV-EPROM, 2K bytes RAM, and IEBus controller, which supports mode 0, 1, and 2, with full data link layer protocol support. This is the world's first microcontroller which incorporates IEBus controller. Its IEBus controller function is almost the same as that of µPD72042B, but is located as memory mapped I/O called SFR (special function registers). 6.291 MHz base clock is generated from 6.291 MHz external resonator, while host CPU core and watch timer works 8.388 MHz generated from the same external resonator. External bus interface transceiver is required.
For programming, UV-EPROM erasor, UV-EPROM writer (27C1001A compatible), and writer adapter module are required.

78K/0 Series μPD78098B Subseries (obsoleted); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

μPD78P098B[55]:§20,pp.428-461 is a 8-bit single-chip microcontroller with on-chip 60K bytes UV-EPROM, 2K bytes RAM, and IEBus controller, which supports mode 0, 1, and 2, with full data link layer support. It is probably a low noise variant of μPD78098 Subseries. Documents are refined.

17K Series μPD178098A Subseries (obsoleted); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

μPD178F098[8][56]:§17,pp.367-422 [57] is a 8-bit single-chip microcontroller for DTS (Digital Tuning System) of car radio, which incorporate simplified IEBus controller, 60K bytes Flash ROM, and 3K bytes RAM. It does not support mode 0 and 2, but support mode 1 only. 6.291 MHz base clock is generated from 6.291 MHz external resonator, while host CPU core and watch timer works 8.388 MHz generated from the same external resonator. External bus interface transceiver is required.

78K/4 Series µPD784938 Subseries (obsoleted); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

µPD78F4938[58]:§20,pp.467-510 is a 16-bit single-chip microcontroller for car audio, which incorporate simplified IEBus controller, 256K bytes Flash ROM, and 10K bytes RAM. It does not support mode 0 and 2, but support mode 1 only. 6.291 MHz base clock is generated from 6.291 MHz external resonator. External bus interface transceiver is required.

V850 Family: V850/SB2 (non promotion); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

V850/SB2[59][60][61]:§19,pp.541-599 is a long running 32-bit microcontroller employs IEBus controller with the 1st generation V850 CPU core. Its IEBus controller is simplified from previous ones.[62] It does not support mode 0 and 2, but support mode 1 only.[61]:541 6.291 MHz base clock is generated from 6.291, 12.582, or 18.873 MHz external resonator.[61]:257 This source clock is shared in the whole system in the chip including watch timer. A 32.768 kHz external crystal resonator is not used usually to reduce total BOM cost.
External bus interface transceiver is required, but external 5V I/O power supply is internally regulated to 3.3V or 3.0V,[61]:517 which enables same voltage supply with external bus interface transceiver. In addition, this product intended to design for ultra low-noise, which enables high RF receiving sensitivity for car radio.[63]:41-44 In addition, starter motor mask time and electrical current amplitude is well balanced.

LoL: on 03/23/2017 Rensas Electronics said "An external differential driver is required on the transmit/receive data line (not manufactured by NEC Electronics),"[62] but NEC Electronics is currently Renesas Electronics, and Renesas Electronics (formerly Hitachi) had been manufacturing "an external differential driver" named HA12240FP.[49] In Japanese, it is said as "当社"[64] which means Renesas Electronics itself.

V850 Family: V850E/Sx3-H (current, as of 2018); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

V850E/SJ3-H and V850E/SK3-H[65]:§20,pp.973-1039 are 2nd generation V850 (E1 core) 32-bit microcontrollers. Its IEBus controller is simplified, but supports both mode 1 and mode 2, not for mode 0. External bus interface transceiver is required. These products includes the V850E1 CPU core and peripheral functions. As for automotive network, these are equipped with IEBus and CAN (Controller Area Network) controllers.

V850 Family: V850ES/Sx2 (non promotion); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

V850ES/SG3 and V850ES/SJ3 are 3rd generation V850 (ES core) 32-bit microcontrollers those contain IEBus controller.

V850 Family: V850ES/Sx3 (current, as of 2018); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

V850ES/SG3[66]:§18,pp.632-697 and V850ES/SJ3[67]:§18,pp.660-725 are 3rd generation V850 (ES core) 32-bit microcontrollers. Its IEBus controller is simplified, but supports both mode 1 and mode 2, not for mode 0. External bus interface transceiver is required. These products includes the V850ES CPU core and peripheral functions. As for automotive network, these are equipped with IEBus and CAN (Controller Area Network) controllers.

V850 Family: V850E2/Sx4-H (non promotion); by Renesas, formerly NEC Electronics[edit]

V850E2/SG4-H, V850E2/SJ4-H, and V850E2/SK4-H[68]:§30,pp.2195-2323 are 5th generation V850 (E2v3 core) 32-bit microcontrollers. Its IEBus controller is simplified, but supports mode 1 and 2 with 32-byte buffers both for transmission and for reception.[68]:2199 It also has automatic mechanism both for reissuing master requests when arbitration loss occurs; and for responding to slave status requests.[68]:2199 Its supply clock is 8.000 MHz,[68]:2199 which might not have compatibility with 6.291456 MHz base clock systems, almost all of car audio customer uses. It should be 8.388 MHz or nearest. External bus interface transceiver is required.

These products includes the V850E2M CPU core and peripheral functions. As for automotive audio network, these are equipped with IEBus, CAN (Controller Area Network), LIN, PCM interface, MediaLB,[69][70] and Ethernet controllers.

F2MC-16LX: MB90580C Series (current, as of 2018); by Cypress, formerly Fujitsu Microelectronics[edit]

MB90580C Series[71]:§21,pp.345-408; F2MC-16LX 16-bit microcontroller of Cypress Semiconductor (formerly Fujitsu Microelectronics) has IEBus controller. It supports full feature of IEBus mode 0, 1, and 2, with 8-byte FIFO both for transmission and reception. Embedded peripheral resources performs data transmission with an intelligent I/O service function without the intervention of the CPU, enabling real-time control in various applications. External bus interface transceiver is required.

M16C Family: M16C/50 Series (current, as of 2018); by Renesas, formerly Mitsubishi Electric[edit]

M16C/5L Group and M16C/56 Group[72]:§21.3.5,pp.486-487[73] is a 16-bit microcontroller with M16C/60 Series CPU Core. UART2 can be used for IEBus controller as special mode 3 (IE mode). External bus interface transceiver is required.

H8S Family: 2258 Group (current, as of 2018); by Renesas, formerly Hitachi[edit]

H8S/2258 and H8S/2256[74]:316[75][76]:§14,pp.481-546 is a long running microcontroller comprised internal 32-bit configuration H8S/2000 CPU core with 16-bit external bus controller. Its IEBus controller supports mode 0, 1, and 2 with 1 byte data buffer both for transfer and reception. External bus interface transceiver is required.

RX Family: RX63N Group (current, as of 2018); by Renesas[edit]

RX63N[77]:§39,pp.1639-1680 is a recent 32-bit microcontroller. Its IEBus controller supports mode 0, and 1 (not 2). Arduino pin compatible low-price evaluation board, called SAKURA, is available for hobbyists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goto, Masahiro; Tokuda, Akio; Tatemoto, Hirofumi (September 2011). "車載通信ネットワークの標準化の動向 : FlexRayとMOSTを中心に" [Trend of Standardization in Automotive Communication Network System Case : FlexRay and MOST.] (PDF). Social System Study (in Japanese). http://hdl.handle.net/10367/5993: Institute of Social Systems, Ritsumeikan University. 23: 159–173. ISSN 1345-1901. 
  2. ^ Nakano, Kazukiyo; Kawakami, Koji; Tachi, Yuji (2002-04-10). "デュアル店舗機" [Vendor Showcase for Dual-Performance Stores] (PDF). Fuji Electric Journal (in Japanese). http://www.fujielectric.com/company/tech/contents2002_04.html: Fuji Electric. 75 (4): 244 (42). Fig.5 ISS: IE-BUS interface 
  3. ^ a b "IE-Bus Main Page". www.tessera.co.jp. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h UPD6708 Data Sheet (PDF) (2.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U10680E: Renesas. 1996-01-01. 
  5. ^ "Trademark search: Reg. 2552418" (PDF). www.j-platpat.inpit.go.jp (in Japanese). Japan Patent Office. 1992-09-04. 
  6. ^ "Trademark search: Reg. 2552419|J-PlatPat" (PDF). www.j-platpat.inpit.go.jp (in Japanese). Japan Patent Office. 1992-09-04. 
  7. ^ Kawata, Kazuhide; Morito, Hiroshi; Nishijima, Shiro; Fukaya, Hirokazu (1986-10-20). "Digital LSI: The Key to Refining the Automotive Audio System". SAE Technical Paper Series (861041). doi:10.4271/861041. 
  8. ^ a b Kawata, Kazuhide (April 2014). "世界のカーラジオを変えた — DTS:μPD1700 / 17Kシリーズ物語" (PDF). Bulletin Encore. Paradime shift of car radio — DTS:μPD1700 / Development story of 17K Series (in Japanese). http://www.ssis.or.jp/encore/encore2014.html#no84: Society of Semiconductor Industry Specialists. 84: 16–19. 
  9. ^ Milivojević, Zoran (1994). "HOME BUS SYSTEM" (PDF). Scientific Journal. Electronics and Energetics. http://facta.junis.ni.ac.rs/eae/eae.html: FACTA UNIVERSITATIS. 7 (1): 53–60. ISSN 2217-5997. 
  10. ^ "HBS". www.fit.ac.jp. 
  11. ^ a b Sugihara, K.; Kobatake, S.; Shirai, H.; Oowada, H.; Yoshitomi, K. (1989). "HBS-standard-compatible home bus protocol controller". IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics. 35 (3): 605–607. doi:10.1109/30.44324. ISSN 0098-3063. 
  12. ^ "BS EN 61030:1993". ANSI. IEC.
    Specification for domestic digital bus (D2B) for audio, video and audiovisual systems (British Standard)
    Defines the modes of transmission, communication, protocols, addressing procedures, command language and electrical characteristics for home and small office use. Two-way intercommunication is also permitted with the Japanese Home Bus (HBS) and the European Home Bus (IHS)
     
  13. ^ Jayakumar, Vk; Kasi, Viswanathan U; Kannan, Sankar (November 2015). "Smart Gateway Reference Architecture for Industrial Internet of Things- Design, Enterprise Implementation, Experience" (PDF). International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology. http://www.ijettjournal.org/2015/volume-29/number-7/: Seventh Sense Research Group ( SSRG ). 29 (7): 352–356. ISSN 2231-5381. 
  14. ^ ECHONET Specification (Preface) (PDF) (2.11 ed.). https://echonet.jp/spec-en/#standard-03: Echonet consortium. 2002-04-26. 
  15. ^ ECHONET Specification (Part I) (PDF) (2.11 ed.). https://echonet.jp/spec-en/#standard-03: Echonet consortium. 2002-04-26. 
  16. ^ ECHONET Specification (Part II) (PDF) (2.11 ed.). https://echonet.jp/spec-en/#standard-03: Echonet consortium. 2002-04-26. 
  17. ^ ECHONET Specification (Part III) (PDF) (2.11 ed.). https://echonet.jp/spec-en/#standard-03: Echonet consortium. 2002-04-26. 
  18. ^ ECHONET Specification (Part IV) (PDF) (2.11 ed.). https://echonet.jp/spec-en/#standard-03: Echonet consortium. 2002-04-26. 
  19. ^ MU, DANFENG (2014-01-13). "Protocol converter for monitoring of Daikin air conditioners". https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?CC=CN&NR=204006496U&KC=U&FT=D: State Intellectual Property Office. Summary
    Accordingly, the present invention for the presence of absence of the prior art, its main purpose is to provide an air conditioning monitoring Daikin protocol converter, which can effectively solve the prior Japanese unique Daikin air data communication transfer protocol Homebus and domestic common RS485 transmission protocol does not cause compatibility problems limit Daikin air-conditioning applications in intelligent remote monitoring and control.
     
  20. ^ "Hyundai Autonet Co., Ltd.: Private Company Information - Bloomberg". www.bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. 
  21. ^ Yoo, Chul-Jae; Hyundai Autonet; Ryu, In-Sik; Hyundai Autonet (2008-10-01). "Convention Paper 7574". Effective Car Audio System Enabling Individual Signal Processing Operations of Coincident Multiple Audio Sources through Single Digital Audio Interface Line (PDF). http://toc.proceedings.com/04573webtoc.pdf: Audio Engineering Society. pp. 210–216. ISBN 978-1-60560-712-2.
    In communication methods for digital input capable amplifiers, Inter Equipment Bus (IEBus) was used in early times, but for now, Controller Area Network (CAN) is mainly used.
     
  22. ^ "SC TOOL PRODUCTS STATUS: IE-BUS PROTOCOL ANALYZER" (PDF). www.ndk-m.co.jp. NAITO DENSEI MACHIDA MFG. CO.,LTD. 2006-06-05. p. 5. 
  23. ^ LUO, MINGGANG; CHEN, XINCHUN (2012-09-07). "IEBus bus analysis device". Google Patents. https://worldwide.espacenet.com/publicationDetails/biblio?CC=CN&NR=202841169U&KC=U&FT=D: Chinese Patent Office. 
  24. ^ "IEBus Studio". SourceForge. 
  25. ^ angrycamel (2007-09-03). "IEBus Studio and Emulator". YouTube.
    A screen cap of me using the IEBus emulator in conjunction with com0com and IEBus Studio.
     
  26. ^ Tate, James (27 July 2017). "Contribute to IEBusAnalyzer development by creating an account on GitHub". 
  27. ^ "PIC-based IE-Bus (AVC-LAN) interpreter". PriusChat. https://priuschat.com/attachments/iedecode-zip.9243/. 
  28. ^ a b c "20". UPD78098B Subseries User's Manual (PDF) (2.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U12761E: Renesas. 2001-12-01. pp. 428–461. 
  29. ^ Paret, Dominique (2007). "10.2". In Riesco, Roderick. Multiplexed networks for embedded systems : CAN, LIN, flexray, safe-by-wire... Dunod, Paris 2005: Wiley. p. 361. ISBN 978-0-470-03416-3. 
  30. ^ a b Ikata, Yoshikatsu; Kurosaki, Masanori (1996-02-01). "The Development of the Interactive Pioneer Bus (IP-BUS)". SAE Technical Paper Series. 960122. doi:10.4271/960122.
    Abstract … We adopted the IEBus (Inter Equipment Bus) after above investigation. …
    1. Separation of the IE-BUS driver/receiver: We developed the outside driver/receiver IC which was a built-in function of the original. This separation makes a system stable against vehicle noise and static electricity. Fig. 5 shows IEBus format …
     
  31. ^ Ishikawa, Yutaro, Pioneer Corp (2004-02-19). "Computer product, communication control method, and communication control device" (PDF). US patent application. https://patents.google.com/patent/US20050188136A1/en. US20050188136A. 
  32. ^ "TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION GLOBAL WEBSITE | 75 Years of TOYOTA | Technical Development | Electronics Parts". www.toyota-global.com. 
  33. ^ Flerchinger, Jeremiah J. (2006-07-31). AN IN-DEPTH LOOK AT THE TOYOTA AUDIO & VIDEO BUS (AVC-LAN) (PDF). 
  34. ^ "AVC-LAN - eLinux.org". elinux.org. 
  35. ^ "IEBus Review". borkedlabs.com. Personal Blog. 29 May 2014. 
  36. ^ "[WORKING!] Hacking the GA-NET (IEBus) to get touchscreen coordinates - AcuraZine - Acura Enthusiast Community". AcuraZine - Acura Enthusiast Community. 2006-08-27. 
  37. ^ "Honda / Acura Music Link (Technical) - nuxx.net". nuxx.net. 
  38. ^ "Hacking on the Honda Music Link". nuxx.net. 
  39. ^ INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS: HONDA MUSIC LINK 2006 PILOT (FOR i-POD®) (PDF). Honda. March 2007. 
  40. ^ "IEBus - Stock Touchscreen Controling a CarPC". YouTube. angrycamel.com. 2007-12-16. 
  41. ^ Wu, Di; Hou, Chenxi; Sun, Limin; Ling, Yan; Liu, Jiangchuan (September 2012). Verikas, Prof. Antanas; Zhou, Yoyo Y., eds. "The XM Satellite Radio Software Module of an Embedded Car Audio System" (PDF). Journal of Software. http://www.jsoftware.us/list-111-1.html. 7 (9): 1981–1992. doi:10.4304/jsw.7.9. ISSN 1796-217X. 
  42. ^ "GR-SAKURA and GR-SAKURA-FULL Board". Gadget Renesas. http://gadget.renesas.com/en/: Renesas. 2017. 
  43. ^ "IP core Exchange". Semiconductor Portal Inc. (in Japanese). 
  44. ^ a b "What points should I note when using uPD6708 and uPD72042B together?". Renesas Electronics - Knowledgebase. 28 June 2016. 
  45. ^ a b "SN75176B: If SN75176B Support IE BUS(Inter Equipment Bus) transceivers - Industrial Interface Forum - Industrial Interface - TI E2E Community". e2e.ti.com. 
  46. ^ UPD72042B Data Sheet (PDF) (3rd ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=S13990E: Renesas. 2002-08-01. 
  47. ^ R2A11210SP Datasheet (PDF) (1.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=REJ03F0284: Renesas. 2008-04-24. 
  48. ^ HA12187FP Bus Interface Driver/Receiver IC (PDF) (2.0 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-in/search/keyword-search.html#q=F0131: Renesas. 2005-06-15. 
  49. ^ a b HA12240FP Bus Interface Driver/Receiver IC (PDF) (1.0 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-in/search/keyword-search.html#q=F0095: Renesas. 2003-12-01. 
  50. ^ SNx5176B Differential Bus Transceivers (PDF) (F ed.). http://www.ti.com/product/SN75176B/technicaldocuments: Texas Instruments. 2015-01-27. 
  51. ^ Tamura, Toshinori; Ikuta, Junichi; Shimone, Toshiaki; Mine, Kazumasa; Tojima, Hidetoshi; Baba, Fujio; Considine, Peter B.; Ochi, Masatoshi; Inaba, Masakazu; Kobayashi, Yuichi; Okamoto, Hitoshi (March 1994). "8ビットシングルチップマイクロコンピュータμPD78058, μ78098サブシリーズ" [8-bit single-chip microcomputer μPD78058, μPD78098 sub-series]. NEC technical journal. 301 (in Japanese). NEC. 47 (3): 135–140. ISSN 0285-4139. 
  52. ^ "20". UPD78098 Subseries User's Manual (PDF). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=IEU-1381A: NEC. March 1995. 
  53. ^ UPD78P098A Data Sheet (PDF) (2.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U10203E: Renesas. 2001-06-01. 
  54. ^ UPD78094,78095,78096,78098A Data Sheet (PDF) (1st ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U10146E: NEC. October 1995. 
  55. ^ "20". UPD78098B Subseries User's Manual (PDF) (2.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U12761E: NEC. 2001-01-01. pp. 428–461. 
  56. ^ "17". UPD178078,178098A Subseries User's Manual (PDF) (2.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U12790E: Renesas. 2003-10-01. pp. 367–422. 
  57. ^ DATA SHEET: µPD178F098 8-BIT SINGLE-CHIP MICROCONTROLLER (PDF). DatasheetCatalog.com. June 2000. 
  58. ^ "20". UPD784938 Subseries Hardware (Preliminary) (PDF) (1.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U13987E: Renesas. 1999-09-01. pp. 467–510. 
  59. ^ "NEC 32-bit RISC Single-chip Microcomputer Features High Performance,Ultra-Low Power Consumption, Low Noise and Peripheral Functions". www.nec.co.jp. NEC. 1998-08-24. 
  60. ^ Suto, Shinichi (1998). "32-BIT RISC MICROCONTROLLER V850/SBx" (PDF). NEC Device Technology International. USBid.com: NEC. 1998 (51). 
  61. ^ a b c d "19". User’s Manual: V850/SB2 32-Bit Single-Chip Microcontroller Hardware (PDF) (6th ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=U13850E: Renesas. February 2003. 
  62. ^ a b "What is the contrast between complete version and simplified version?". Renesas Electronics - Knowledgebase. 28 June 2016. 
  63. ^ OCHI, MASATOSHI; ISHIKAWA, HIROTAKA; TSUJI, NOBUHIRO; TAKEDA, MITSURU; SUTO, SHIN'ICHI; ISHIKAWA, TATSUYA (2001-03-23). "32ビットRISCマイクロコントローラV850/SBXのEMIノイズ低減" [EMI Noise Reduction of 32bit RISC Microcontroller V850/SBX.]. NEC Technical Journal (in Japanese). URL:http://id.ndl.go.jp/bib/5724257: NEC. 54 (3): 41–44. ISSN 0285-4139. 
  64. ^ "FAQ 1002565 : IEBusコントローラが「簡易版」と表記されていますが、何が違うのですか?また、外付けデバイスが必要なのですか?". Renesas Electronics (in Japanese). 
  65. ^ "20". V850E/SJ3-H, V850E/SK3-H User's Manual: Hardware (PDF) (5.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=R01UH0247E: Renesas. 2012-02-27. pp. 973–1039. 
  66. ^ "18". V850ES/SG3 User’s Manual: Hardware (PDF) (5.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=R01UH0249E: Renesas. 2012-02-27. pp. 632–697. 
  67. ^ "18". V850ES/SJ3 User's Manual: Hardware (PDF) (5.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=R01UH0248E: Renesas. 2012-02-27. pp. 660–725. 
  68. ^ a b c d "30". V850E2/Sx4-H Hardware User’s Manual (PDF) (0.02 ed.). Renesas. 2011-09-30. pp. 2195–2323. 
  69. ^ "MediaLB | Microchip Technology Inc". www.microchip.com. 
  70. ^ "SMSC Launches MediaLB Device Interface Macro IP Supporting 6-Pin MediaLB". Design And Reuse. 
  71. ^ "21". MB90580C Series HARDWARE MANUAL (PDF) (3rd ed.). http://www.cypress.com/documentation/technical-reference-manuals/f2mc-16lx-16-bit-microcontroller-mb90580c-series-hardware: Cypress Semiconductor Corp. July 2008. pp. 345–408. 
  72. ^ "21.3.5". M16C/5L Group, M16C/56 Group User's Manual: Hardware (PDF) (1.10 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=R01UH0127E: Renesas. 2011-09-01. pp. 186–487. 
  73. ^ M16C/5L Group, M16C/56 Group Datasheet (PDF) (1.10 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=R01DS0035E: Renesas. 2011-09-01. 
  74. ^ Sugai, Masaru; Nishimura, Kôichi; Takamatsu, Kazuya; Fujinaga, Takamasa (December 1999). "Low Power Consumption Microcontrollers and Their Applications" (PDF). Hitachi Review. http://www.hitachi.com/rev/1999/index.html. 48 (6): 313–317. 
  75. ^ "H8S IEBus". Renesas Electronics. 
  76. ^ "14". H8S/2258 H8S/2239 H8S/2238 H8S/2237 H8S/2227 Groups Hardware Manual (PDF) (6.00 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=REJ09B0054: Renesas. 2010-03-10. pp. 481–546. 
  77. ^ "39". RX63N Group, RX631 Group User's Manual: Hardware (PDF) (1.80 ed.). https://www.renesas.com/en-us/search/keyword-search.html#q=R01UH0041E: Renesas. 2014-04-25. pp. 1639–1680. 

External links[edit]

General information[edit]

General information by controller LSI manufacturer[edit]

Protocol analyzer open-source software[edit]

Protocol analyzer hardware[edit]

Independent protocol controller products (Host MCU required)[edit]

Microcontroller devices (bus interface transceiver required)[edit]

Bus interface transceiver (driver/receiver) ICs[edit]

Evaluation boards[edit]

Broken links, but may become some hints[edit]

  • AcuraZine.com Forums - (dead thread) Some results in recording data from the IEBus in an Acura TSX.
  • Marcin's Site - This site is great for learning more about the IEBus! He has really done a great job researching this protocol as well as developing one of the first boards that can talk on the bus using an ATMEGA8. (there are active forums on his site too, here).
  • Louis Frigon (SigmaObjects.com) - A great write-up with schematics and source code that interfaces with the IEBus to trick the stock head unit into enabling aux input as it would for a CD changer. It is a great learning tool for how the IEBus protocol works just by looking through the well commented firmware source code. (Adapted from work done by Marcin at his site. (Broken link, please remove)