Apurinã language

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Native to Brazil
Region Amazonia
Native speakers
2,800 (2006)[1]
  • Southern
Language codes
ISO 639-3 apu
Glottolog apur1254[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Apurinã (Ipurina) is a Southern Maipurean language spoken in Amazonia by the Apurinã people. It has an active–stative syntax.[3]



Apurinã vowels are obligatorily nasalized by surrounding nasal vowels[clarification needed], even across word boundaries.[4]


Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar
or palatal
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p t k
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ
Fricative s ʃ h
Flap ɾ
Approximant j ɰ


  1. ^ Apurinã at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Apurina". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Aikhenvald, "Arawak", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.
  4. ^ The World Atlas of Language Structures Online – Chapter 10 – Vowel Nasalization

External links[edit]