Ignatius IV of Antioch
|Ignatius IV Hazim
إغناطيوس الرابع هزيم
|Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch and All the East|
|Church||Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch|
|Installed||July 2, 1979|
|Term ended||December 5, 2012|
|Birth name||Habib Hazim|
April 4, 1920|
Mhardeh (Hama Governorate), Syria
|Died||December 5, 2012
|Residence||Mariamite Cathedral of Damascus, Street Called Straight, Damascus, Syria|
|Alma mater||St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute of Paris, France|
Patriarch Ignatius IV (Hazim) of Antioch and All The East (Arabic: إغناطيوس الرابع هزيم، بطريرك أنطاكيا وسائر المشرق ; April 4, 1920 – December 5, 2012) was the Patriarch of the Greek Orthodox Church of Antioch and All The East from 1979 to 2012.
Ignatius was born Habib Hazim on April 4, 1920, in the village of Mhardeh near Hama in Syria. He was the son of a pious Greek Orthodox Syrian Arab Christian family and from an early age was attracted to service within the Church. While studying in Beirut, Lebanon, for a literature degree, he entered the service of the local Antiochian Orthodox diocese, first by becoming an acolyte, then a subdeacon and then a deacon. During his studies at the American University of Beirut, young Habib was influenced by his outstanding philosophy professor Charles Malik. Malik influenced his students tremendously on matters of philosophy and spirituality — many of whom (i.e. many of Hazim’s classmates) became ordained ministers and friars in various ecclesiastical orders under Malik’s influence. In 1945 he went to Paris where he graduated from the St. Sergius Orthodox Theological Institute. From his time in France onwards he was moved not only by a desire to pass on the deposit of the Greek Orthodox faith, but also to take Orthodoxy out of its unhistorical ghetto by discovering in its Holy Tradition living answers to the problems of modern life. On his return to the Eastern Mediterranean, he founded the University of Balamand in Lebanon which he then served for many years as dean. As Dean he sought to provide the Patriarchate with responsible leaders who had received a good spiritual and intellectual training and who were witnesses to an awakened and deeply personal faith.
While his native language was Arabic, he also spoke fluent English and French. He was one of the founders of the active Orthodox Youth Movement of Lebanon and Syria in 1942, through which he helped to organise and lead a renewal of Church life in the Patriarchate of Antioch. The movement worked at the heart of the Church, helping ordinary believers to rediscover the personal and communal meaning of the Eucharist through a practice of frequent Communion, which had become extremely rare. Following on from this, in1953 he helped to found Syndesmos, the world fellowship of Orthodox Youth and Theological Schools.
Ordination and episcopacy
He was consecrated to the episcopacy in 1961 and elected Metropolitan of Latakia in Syria in 1970. His style as metropolitan broke with the former tradition of episcopal grandeur and he inaugurated an authentic practice of frequent communion. On July 2, 1979, under the name of Ignatius IV, he became the Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch, the third ranking hierarch of the Orthodox Church after the Patriarchs of Constantinople and Alexandria.
On December 5, 2012 he died in St. George's Hospital in Beirut, Lebanon following a stroke. His death was reported to and published exclusively via the Syrian state news agency SANA. Patriarch Ignatius IV of Antioch did not support the Syrian rebel uprising of 2011-2012 and called for a peaceful political dialogue. He was buried in Syria.
- Website of the Byzantine Orthodox Patriarchate of Antioch, Antiochian Orthodox Church, Retrieved 5 Dec 2012
- Asia News website:SYRIA December 5 2012
- Huffington post website December 5 2012
- St George of Boston website: biography
- "President of Russia". Eng.news.kremlin.ru. 2010-05-11. Retrieved 2010-12-07.
- "Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Syria Ignatius IV dies". BBC news.co.uk. 2012-12-05.
- "Patriarch Hazim is dead". tayyar.org. 2012-12-05. Retrieved 2012-12-05.
|Eastern Orthodox Church titles|
Elias IV Muawad
|Eastern Orthodox Patriarch of Antioch
John X Yaziji