Ilhéu de Cima
Ilhéu de Cima
|Area||1.5 km2 (0.58 sq mi)|
|Length||2.2 km (1.37 mi)|
|Width||0.94 km (0.584 mi)|
|Highest elevation||77 m (253 ft)|
Ilhéu de Cima is an uninhabited island of Cape Verde. It is part of the Ilhéus Secos islet group, located 4 km east of Ilhéu Grande, the other main islet of the group, and 8 km northeast of the island Brava. They are administratively a part of the Brava municipality. Also it is more than 14 km west of the island of Fogo. Surrounding islets include Ilhéu Luíz Carneiro (or Luis Carneiro), Ilhéu Sapado and Ilhéu do Rei (Portuguese for King's Islet). The island is an integral nature reserve, famous for its seabirds colonies. The length of Luis Carneiro is 700 metres long and 200 metres wide.
About the islets
The northern part of the islet is lower but the southern part is higher and has a couple of hills.
Other geographic features include Baixa or Boca de Porto in the west and Baixo Cabeção (Baixo Cabeçon) and Baixo Daniel (Baixo Dánel).
At the area which separates the island, the highest point there is about 250 meters. During the Ice Age, it separated Brava between 4 to 5 km.
Tourism and fishing are rarely common around the islet.
Its average temperature is 23 °C., its highest temperature in March is 26 °C, and the lowest temperature being 22 °C in June. Average yearly rainfall is 280 mm, the wettest is in September with 125 mm and the driest is in April with only a millimeter.
Notable endangered fauna founded on the island include the Iago sparrow, on the island. In the mid-1950s, W. R. P. Bourne observed females remaining in flocks while males began to take up locations on rocky slopes from which they could sing. Between 1900 and 1990, its number of bird pairs were dropping.
A species of sponge Esperiopsis cimensis are founded in the waters surrounding the islets, they were discovered on 23 August 1986 and was named in 2012 after where it was first founded, the islet. They are founded in deep waters southeast at the depth of between 100 to 200 meters and in calcareous sandy areas.
In the island's south there is a lighthouse located about 80 m above sea level.and is the only building, its lighthouse used for ships around Brava. Ships headed to and from Mindelo and others such as Southwestern Europe and Brazil crossed within the lighthouse from the 1880s and the Great Depression of 1929.
- "Nature reserves of Cape Verde" (PDF).
- Jacques-Nicolas Bellin; Pieter de Hondt (1747). "Carte des Isles du Cap Verd = Kaart van de Eilanden van Kabo Verde" (in French).
- Bourne, W. R. P. (1955). "The Birds of the Cape Verde Islands". Ibis. 97 (3): 508–556. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1955.tb04981.x.
- van Soest, Rob W. M., Elly J. Beglinger & Nicole J. De Voogd, 2012: Sponges of the family Esperiopsidae (Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida) from northwest Africa. European journal of taxonomy, 18: 1–21.
- Bertalan, Attila. "Kap Verdes unbewohnte Inseln" [Uninhabited Islets in Cape Verde]. kapverdischeinseln.com (in German).
- "Lighthouses of Cape Verde". 18 November 2016.