Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria

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Infanta Alicia
Duchess of Calabria
Born(1917-11-13)13 November 1917
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
Died28 March 2017(2017-03-28) (aged 99)[1][2]
Madrid, Spain
Burial
Royal Pantheon of Glashütten, Mönichkirchen[3]
Spouse
Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria
(m. 1936; died 1964)
IssuePrincess Teresa, Duchess of Salerno
Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
Princess Inés, Duchess of Siracusa
Full name
Alicia Maria Teresa Francesca Luisa Pia Anna Valeria
HouseBourbon-Parma
FatherElias, Duke of Parma
MotherArchduchess Maria Anna of Austria
ReligionRoman Catholic

Infanta Alicia of Spain, Duchess of Calabria[4] (née: Princess Alicia Maria Teresa Francesca Luisa Pia Anna Valeria of Bourbon-Parma; 13 November 1917 – 28 March 2017)[4] was a daughter of Elias, Duke of Parma, and Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria.[4] Alicia was Duchess of Calabria through her marriage to Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria (1901–1964).[4] She bore the title of Infanta of Spain from 1936,[5] and took part in some of the activities that the Spanish Royal Family organises. Through marriage, she was maternal half-aunt of Juan Carlos I of Spain.[6] She was born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary, and died in Madrid, Spain. [4] She was paternal first cousin of Boris III of Bulgaria, and paternal half-first cousin of Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Otto, Crown Prince of Austria and Queen Anne of Romania. At the time of her death, she was the last surviving grandchild of Robert I, Duke of Parma's first marriage.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Alicia married Infante Alfonso, Duke of Calabria (30 November 1901 – 3 February 1964), her second cousin and the eldest child and son of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and his wife Mercedes, Princess of Asturias, on 16 April 1936 in Vienna, Austria.[4] Alicia and Alfonso had three children:.[4] seventeen grandchildren and thirty-eight great-grandchildren:

  • Princess Teresa María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Salerno (6 February 1937) she married Iñigo Moreno y Arteaga, 12th Marquess of Laula on 16 April 1961. They have seven children.[7]
  • Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria (16 January 1938 – 5 October 2015) he married Princess Anne of Orléans on 11 May 1965. They have five children.[8]
  • Princess Inés María of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Duchess of Syracuse (18 February 1940) she married Don Luis de Morales y Aguado on 21 January 1965. They have five children.[9]

Genealogy[edit]

Alicia was the heir general of the kings of Navarre, as well as of Edward the Confessor and David I of Scotland.[10] If the marriage of Maria Beatrice of Savoy to her uncle is deemed illegal by English law, then Alicia, as heir of Maria Beatrice's next sister, would have been the Jacobite pretender to the thrones of England, Scotland, France and Ireland. English and Scots law in 1688 stated that a marriage contracted outside of the realms was not challenged if it was legal in its own land; thus, since Maria Beatrice and her mother's brother Francis IV, Duke of Modena, received the Pope's consent to marry, Alicia was not considered a claimant by the Jacobites.[11]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

  • 1917–1936: Her Royal Highness Princess Alicia of Bourbon-Parma
  • 1936–1960: Her Royal Highness Infanta Alicia of Spain, Princess of Bourbon-Parma
  • 1960–1964: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Calabria
  • 1964–2017: Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Calabria, Infanta of Spain

Honours[edit]

Arms[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vanitatis
  2. ^ http://www.abc.es/espana/casa-real/abci-fallece-infanta-dona-alicia-borbon-parma-juan-carlos-99-anos-edad-201703281458_noticia.html
  3. ^ Casa Real de Navarra
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Alice Maria di Borbone, Principessa di Parma". ThePeerage.com. Retrieved 2008-10-02.
  5. ^ "Genealogy of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Real Casa de Borbón de las Dos Sicilias website". Borbone-due-sicilie.org. Archived from the original on 2008-07-05. Retrieved 2012-05-18.
  6. ^ Casa Real
  7. ^ [1] Princess Teresa de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Duchess of Salerno
  8. ^ [2] Infante Carlos, Duke of Calabria
  9. ^ [3] Princess Inés de Borbón-Dos Sicilias, Duchess of Siracusa
  10. ^ "Real casa de Borbón de las Dos Sicilias". Borbone-due-sicilie.org. Retrieved 2012-05-18.
  11. ^ "The Infanta Alicia of Spain". Jacobite.ca. Retrieved 2008-07-19.
  12. ^ Geneall
  13. ^ Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George (2008). "Membership of the Constantinian Order". Sacred Military Constantinian Order of Saint George. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2008-10-13.
Infanta Alicia, Duchess of Calabria
Cadet branch of the House of Capet
Born: 13 November 1917 Died: 28 March 2017
Italian nobility
Preceded by
Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
Duchess of Calabria
7 January 1960 – 3 February 1964
Succeeded by
Princess Anne of Orleáns
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
— TITULAR —
Queen consort of the Two Sicilies
7 January 1960 – 3 February 1964
Reason for succession failure:
Italian Unification under the House of Savoy
Succeeded by
Anne of Orleáns