Inishturk

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Inishturk
Native name: Inis Toirc
Inishturk north.jpg
North coast of Inishturk
Inishturk is located in island of Ireland
Inishturk
Inishturk
Geography
Location Atlantic Ocean
Coordinates 53°42′05″N 10°06′30″W / 53.7014°N 10.1083°W / 53.7014; -10.1083Coordinates: 53°42′05″N 10°06′30″W / 53.7014°N 10.1083°W / 53.7014; -10.1083
Area 12.5 km2 (4.8 sq mi)
Highest elevation 189.3 m (621.1 ft)[1]
Administration
Province Connacht
County Mayo
Demographics
Population 58 (2014)
Pop. density 4.64 /km2 (12.02 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups Irish

Inishturk (Inis Toirc in Irish, meaning Wild Boar Island) is an inhabited island of County Mayo, in Ireland.[2]

Geography[edit]

Islands off County Mayo

The island lies about 15 km (9 mi) off the coast; its highest point reaches 189.3 m (621.1 ft) above sea level.[1] Between Inisturk and Clare Island lies Caher Island. It has a permanent population of 58 people.[3] There are two main settlements, both on the more sheltered eastern end of the island, Ballyheer and Garranty. Bellavaun and Craggy are abandoned settlements. The British built a Martello tower on the western coast during the Napoleonic Wars. Inisturk has the highest per capita donation rate towards the RNLI in the whole of Ireland.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Inishturk has been inhabited on and off since 4,000 BCE and has been inhabited permanently since at least 1700.[4] Some of the more recent inhabitants are descended from evacuees from Inishark to the southwest[citation needed]. The social club Mountain Common is situated on the hill that separates the two settlements.

Recent history[edit]

In 1993 Inishturk Community centre was opened, this community centre doubles as a library and a pub.

In June 2014 the ESB commissioned three new Broadcrown BCP 110-50 100kVA diesel generators to supply electricity to the island[5] The ESB have operated a diesel power station on the island since the 1980s[6]

Inishturk gained international attention in 2016 after a number of websites claimed that the island would welcome any American "refugees" fleeing a potential Donald Trump presidency.[7][8][9] These claims were used as one example of the type of "fake news" that arose during the 2016 US presidential election campaign.[10] As of November 2016, no changes to inward migration have been reported.[citation needed]

The island is home to a primary school on the island which in 2011 had only 3 pupils, this believed to be the smallest primary school in Ireland[11]

Demographics[edit]

The table below reports data on Inisturk's population taken from Discover the Islands of Ireland (Alex Ritsema, Collins Press, 1999) and the Census of Ireland.

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1841 577 —    
1851 174 −69.8%
1861 110 −36.8%
1871 112 +1.8%
1881 116 +3.6%
1891 135 +16.4%
1901 135 +0.0%
1911 132 −2.2%
Year Pop. ±%
1926 101 −23.5%
1936 107 +5.9%
1946 125 +16.8%
1951 123 −1.6%
1956 110 −10.6%
1961 108 −1.8%
1966 92 −14.8%
1971 83 −9.8%
Year Pop. ±%
1979 85 +2.4%
1981 76 −10.6%
1986 90 +18.4%
1991 78 −13.3%
1996 83 +6.4%
2002 72 −13.3%
2006 58 −19.4%
2011 53 −8.6%
Source: Central Statistics Office. "CNA17: Population by Off Shore Island, Sex and Year". CSO.ie. Retrieved October 12, 2016. 

Transport[edit]

Prior to 1997 there was no scheduled ferry service and people traveled to and from the islands using local fishing boats. Since then a ferry service operates from Roonagh Quay, Louisburgh, County Mayo.[12] The pier was constructed during the 1980s by the Irish government, around this time the roads on the island were paved.[13]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]