Iranian legislative election, 2000

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Iranian legislative election, 2000
Iran
← 1996 18 February and 5 May 2000 2004 →

All 290 seats of Islamic Consultative Assembly
146 seats needed for a majority
Registered 38,726,388[1]
Turnout 69.27%
Alliance Reformists Principlists
Seats won 195≈222 54≈74
Electoral list 2nd of Khordad Followers of the Line of Imam and Leader

Speaker before election

Ali Akbar Nategh-Nouri
Combatant Clergy

Elected Speaker

Mehdi Karroubi
Combatant Clerics

Parliamentary elections were held in Iran on 18 February 2000, with a second round on 5 May.[2] The result was a victory for the 2nd of Khordad Front and its allies, which won 195,[3] 216[4] or 222[1] of the 290 seats in the Majlis.

Electoral system[edit]

The elections were conducted using a two-round system, with the number of candidates progressing to the second round being double the number of seats available. Candidates required an absolute majority to win a seat in the first round, and plurality to win in the second round.[5] Five seats reserved for minority groups including Jews, Zorastrians, Armenians from the north and south of the country and one elected by Assyrians.[5]

Campaign[edit]

A total of 6,083 candidates contested the elections.[1] 225 of the 290 seats were won in the first round of voting.[1]

Main reformist coalition lists were "2nd of Khordad Press" and "Coalition of 15 Groups Supporting 2nd of Khordad" (including 11 out of 18 members in the 2nd of Khordad Front) and main principlist coalition was Coalition of Followers of the Line of Imam and Leader. Rest of lists were issued by solitary parties.[6] For the first time Council of Nationalist-Religious Activists of Iran issued an electoral list and was able to win two exclusive seats (Alireza Rajaei in Tehran, Rey, Shemiranat and Eslamshahr and Rahman Kargosha in Arak, Komijan and Khondab) but the Guardian Council declared their votes "voided".[7]

Results[edit]

In the following table, the Independents are counted as "allies".

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Islamic Iran Participation Front and allies 216 New
Combatant Clergy Association and allies 74 –36
Invalid/blank votes
Total 290 +20
Registered voters/turnout 38,726,386
Source: Nohlen et al.[2]

An Inter-Parliamentary Union report cites the following results:

Electoral list 1st round seats 2nd round seats Total seats won
2nd of Khordad Front 170 52 222
Front of Followers of the Line of the Imam and the Leader 45 9 54
Independents 10 4 14
Source: Inter-Parliamentary Union[1]

Another source cites that reformist enjoyed a majority (69.25%), or 26.8 million, of the 38.7 million voters who cast ballots in the February 18, 2000 first round. Ultimately reformists won 195 of the 290 Majlis seats in that election.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Elections held in 2000 IPU
  2. ^ a b Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p68 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
  3. ^ a b Abrahamian, Ervand, History of Modern Iran, Columbia University Press, 2008, p.188
  4. ^ Nohlen et al, p74
  5. ^ a b Iran IPU
  6. ^ Gholami, Fattah (23 February 2012). داستان انتخابات - ششمين دوره انتخابات مجلس شوراي اسلامياصلاح‌طلبان آمدند. Jamejam Online (in Persian). 100804970772. Retrieved 8 June 2012. 
  7. ^ Beheshti, Ebrahim (4 January 2016) [14 Dey 1394]. "گزارش "ایران" از صف‌آرایی گروه‌های سیاسی در ۹ دوره انتخابات مجلس" (in Persian) (6116). Iran. 109221. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 

External links[edit]