Grumman JF Duck

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JF Duck
Grumman JF2 3.jpg
Grumman JF-2 Duck in United States Coast Guard service
Role Utility amphibian
National origin United States
Manufacturer Grumman
First flight 24 April 1933
Introduction 1935
Primary users United States Navy
United States Marine Corps
Argentine Navy
United States Coast Guard
Number built 48
Variants Grumman J2F Duck

The Grumman JF "Duck" was an American single-engine amphibious biplane built by Grumman for the United States Navy during the 1930s. The J2F Duck was an improved version of the JF, with its main difference being a longer float.[1]

Design and development[edit]

The Grumman JF Duck was manufactured from 1934 until 1936, when production switched to the J2F Duck and later variants.[2] The more obvious external appearance clue to distinguish a JF from an early J2F is the deletion of the inter-aileron strut between the wings on the J2F; less noticeable perhaps is the J2F's slightly longer rear fuselage/float joining fillet beneath the tail.[2]

The Duck's main pontoon was part of the fuselage, almost making it a flying boat, though it appears more like a standard aircraft with an added float. This general configuration was shared with the earlier Loening OL. The XJF-1 prototype first flew on 24 April 1933 piloted by Grumman test pilot Paul Hovgard.

Operational history[edit]

The JF-1 that was first ordered, had the same Pratt & Whitney R-1830-62 engine as the XJF-1 prototype. The US Navy ordered 27 JF-1s with the first Ducks delivered beginning in May 1934 to Norfolk NAS. These early production series had provisions for mounting a machine gun at the rear seat facing aft, a single bomb rack mounted under each wing, capable of carrying a 100 lb (45.4 kg) bomb or depth charge on each. The main float was also a Grumman design (Grumman Model "A") and like the prototype, it included retractable main landing gear, making the Duck a true amphibian. Ducks served as general/utility amphibians for photographic, target-towing, scouting and rescue work.


Prototype with 700 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1535-62 engine, one built (BuNo 9218).
Grumman JF-1 Duck at Langley
Production variant with 700 hp Pratt & Whitney R-1830-62 Twin Wasp engine, 27 built (BuNos 9434-9455, 9523-9527).
Variant for the United States Coast Guard powered by a 750 hp Wright R-1820-102 Cyclone engine, 15 built (BuNo 0266, 00371-00372, 01647, USCG V141-V155).
JF-2 for the U.S. Navy, five built (BuNos 9835-9839).
Grumman G-20
Armed version of the Grumman JF-2 for export to Argentina. Eight built.[3]



 United States

Specifications (JF)[edit]

Data from [5]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Capacity: 851 lb (386 kg) payload
  • Length: 32 ft 7 in (9.93 m)
JF-1 & JF-3: 33 ft (10 m)
  • Wingspan: 39 ft 0 in (11.89 m)
  • Height: 15 ft 1 in (4.60 m)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1830 Twin Wasp 14-cyl two row air-cooled radial piston engine, 700 hp (520 kW)
JF-1: 1 x 700 hp (522 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-62
JF-2: 1 x 720 hp (537 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-102
JF-3: 1 x 750 hp (559 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-80


See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era



  1. ^ Allen 1983, p. 49.
  2. ^ a b Jordan, Corey C. "Grumman's Ascendency: Chapter Two." Planes and Pilots Of World War Two, 2000. Retrieved: 22 July 2011.
  3. ^ Allen Air Enthusiast Twenty-three, p.78.
  4. ^ Allen Air Enthusiast Twenty-three, pp. 47–48.
  5. ^ Eckland, K.O. "Grumman Aircraft: JF Duck.", 11 August 2008. Retrieved: 7 May 2012.


  • Allen, Francis J. "A Duck Without Feathers". Air Enthusiast, Issue 23, December 1983—March 1984, pp. 46–55, 77—78. Bromley, Kent UK: Pilot Press, 1983.
  • Thruelsen, Richard. The Grumman Story. New York: Praeger Publishers, Inc., 1976. ISBN 0-275-54260-2.
  • Treadwell, Terry. Ironworks: Grumman's Fighting Aeroplanes. Shrewsbury, UK: Airlife Publishers, 1990. ISBN 1-85310-070-6.

Further reading[edit]

  • Ginter, Steve (2009). Grumman JF/J2F Duck. Naval Fighters Nº84 (First ed.). California, United States: Ginter Books. ISBN 0-942612-84-1. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  • Nuñez Padin, Jorge Félix (2002). Grumman G.15, G.20 & J2F Duck. Serie Aeronaval (in Spanish) Nº15. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Museo de la Aviación Naval, Instituto Naval. 

External links[edit]