|Fairchild 71 in RCAF colours|
|Role||passenger or cargo transport|
|Manufacturer||Fairchild Aircraft |
Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. (Canada)
|Developed into||Fairchild Super 71|
The Fairchild 71 was an American high-wing monoplane passenger and cargo aircraft built by Fairchild Aircraft and later built in Canada by Fairchild Aircraft Ltd. (Canada) for both military and civilian use as a rugged bush plane.
Design and development
The Fairchild Aircraft Company undertook a progressive development of the Fairchild FC-2W2 light transport. Its first improvement was the FC-2, whose several improvements included slightly swept-back wings; wingspan increased to 50 feet; engine power nearly doubled; and interior changes to improve passenger comfort.
The FC-2 first flew in 1926.
The FC-2W was a further development, featuring:
- Camera bay for vertical aerial photography;
- Low-cut aft windows for oblique aerial photography.
The FC-2W, later known as the Model 71, was built in the United States between 1928 and 1930. In 1929 Fairchild formed a company in Canada (Fairchild Aircraft Limited) at Longueuil, Quebec in 1929 to support the Canadian operators of Fairchild aircraft. The Canadian company also set up a factory production line for the Model 71, developing a variant for the Canadian military. The Canadian-built aircraft differed from the US version in that all the passenger-comfort features were removed, and the craft were built specifically for aerial photography.
The United States Army Air Service acquired one Model 71 for evaluation; it was designated XC-8, later redesignated XF-8 and used for photographic work.
Eight more service-test aircraft, designated YF-1 were ordered; all nine were later redesignated C-8.
The Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), another major military operator, evaluated the Fairchild 71 in mid-June 1930. Thirty four RCAF FC-71s were operated from 1930 to 1946. Along with the earlier FC-2 series, the RCAF FC-71 was utilized primarily in the aerial photographic survey role as well as northern transport. In November 1934, the RCAF transferred the FC-71s to the five detachments flying in the amalgamated Maritimes No. 5 (Flying Boat) Squadron at RCAF Station Dartmouth. The squadron flew the FC-71 extensively on anti-smuggling (rum running) and illegal immigration patrols for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP).
Most of the Model 71 production ended up in the hands of bush plane operators in Canada and the United States. Civilian operators likewise found the 71 a rugged, reliable and highly useful utility transport, well suited for northern and remote operations.
- Fairchild 71
- Initial production variant
- Fairchild 71A
- Production variant with increased sweep on wings and improved interior
- Fairchild 71C
- Canadian-built version
- Fairchild 71-CM
- Canadian-built version with metal-skinned fuselage
- Fairchild Super 71
- Floatplane version with new fuselage and greater wingspan
- Fairchild 51/71
- Canadian-built version with wings of Model 51 and fuselage of Model 71
United States military designations
- One prototype Fairchild 71, later redesignated XF-1 when modified for photo survey.
- Eight service-test aircraft
- YF-1 redesignated
- F-1A redesignated
- XC-8 redesignated for photo-survey
- Eight Fairchild 71 aircraft for evaluation with provision for seven passenger seats, later redesignated C-8A.
- Production aircraft (Fairchild 71A), six built later redesignated C-8A.
- One Fairchild 71 for evaluation by the United States Navy, redesignated XR2Q-1.
- Clifford Ball Inc.
- Pacific Alaska Airways
- Pan American Airways
- Pan American-Grace Airways
Specifications (Model 71C)
Data from Canadian Aircraft Since 1909
- Crew: one
- Capacity: eight
- Length: 35 ft 10.25 in (10.93 m)
- Wingspan: 50 ft 0 in (15.39 m)
- Height: 9 ft 4 in (2.84 m)
- Wing area: 309.6 ft2 (28.76 m2)
- Empty weight: 3,168 lb (1,438 kg)
- Gross weight: 6,000 lb (2,724 kg)
- Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney Wasp B/C 9-cylinder radial piston, 420 hp ( kW)
- Maximum speed: 132 mph (212.4 km/h)
- Cruise speed: 106 mph (170.5 km/h)
- Range: 817 miles (1,314 km)
- Service ceiling: 11,000 ft (3,353 m)
- Rate of climb: 600 ft/min (3 m/s)
- Shearwater Aviation Museum: Aircraft History: Fairchild 71
- Selman, Jay. "Pan Am Pioneer". Aeroplane. No. February 2015. Stamford: Key Publishing. pp. 32–37. ISSN 0143-7240.
- Clifford Ball Inc., 1929/30
- Molson and Taylor 1982, p. 314.
- Donald, David, ed. The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft. Etobicoke, Ontario, Canada: Prospero Books, 1997. ISBN 1-85605-375-X.
- Milberry, Larry. Aviation In Canada. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 1979. ISBN 0-07-082778-8.
- Molson, Ken M. and Taylor, Harold A. Canadian Aircraft Since 1909. Stittsville, Ontario: Canada's Wings, Inc., 1982. ISBN 0-920002-11-0.
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