Jackson's Sawmill Covered Bridge
|Jackson's Sawmill Covered Bridge|
|Locale||Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States|
|Official name||West Octoraro #1 Bridge|
|Design||single span, double Burr arch truss|
|Total length||143 feet (43.6 m)|
|Constructed by||John Smith and Samuel Stauffer|
The Jackson's Sawmill Covered Bridge or Eichelberger's Covered Bridge is a covered bridge that spans the West Branch of the Octoraro Creek in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States. A county-owned and maintained bridge, its official designation is the West Octoraro #1 Bridge. The bridge is purportedly the only covered bridge in the county that is not built perpendicular to the stream it crosses due to the placement of the sawmill on one side of the bridge and the rock formations faced by the builders on the other side.
The bridge has a single span, wooden, double Burr arch trusses design with the addition of steel hanger rods. The deck is made from oak planks. It is painted red, the traditional color of Lancaster County covered bridges, on both the inside and outside. Both approaches to the bridge are painted in the traditional white color.
The bridge's WGCB Number is 38-36-33. In 1980 it was added to the National Register of Historic Places as structure number 80003520, but it was removed from the Register in 1986 It is located at (39.89700, -76.08000). The bridge lies in Bart Township, 3.25 mi (5.23 km) to the east of Quarryville and 1.5 mi (2.4 km) south of Pennsylvania Route 372 on Mt Pleasant Road. Due to its remote location in an isolated part of the county, it is seen less than many of the county's other covered bridges that are closer to the major populations centers such as Lancaster.
The bridge was built in 1878 by John Smith and Samuel Stauffer at a cost of $2,410. In 1985 it was washed mostly intact from its foundations and deposited a short distance downstream in a flood. It was repaired and reset at a cost to the county of $75,000. During the rebuilding, the bridge was raised 3 feet (0.91 m) to protect it against future flooding. As of summer 2006, the bridge was in good conditions, having undergone a recent rehabilitation in May 2005.
- Length: 139 feet (42 m) span and 143 feet (44 m) total length
- Width: 14 feet (4.3 m) clear deck and 15 feet (4.6 m) total width
- Overhead clearance: 11 feet 6 inches (3.51 m)
- Underclearance: 14 feet (4.3 m)
View of the inside of the bridge showing the Burr arch truss
- Dr. Roger A. McCain. "Jackson's Mill Bridge". A Guide to Old Covered Bridges of Southeastern Pennsylvania and nearby areas. Retrieved 2006-08-03.
- "Eichelberger's Covered Bridge". Lancaster County, PA Government Portal. County of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 2001-10-20. Retrieved 2006-07-07.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Travis, Dale. "38-36-33". Round Barns & Covered Bridges. Retrieved 2006-08-08.
- "Jackson's Sawmill Covered Bridge". Lancaster County Pennsylvania Dutch Country Official Visitors Center. Pennsylvania Dutch Convention & Visitors Bureau. 2006. Retrieved 2006-07-07.
- See this image of the history sign on the bridge itself.