James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn
|The Duke of Abercorn|
James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn, circa 1913
|Born||24 August 1838|
|Died||3 January 1913(aged 74)|
|Spouse(s)||Lady Mary Anna Curzon-Howe|
James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn
Lady Alexandra Phyllis Hamilton
Lady Gladys Mary Hamilton
Lord Arthur John Hamilton
Lord Claud Nigel Hamilton
|Father||James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn|
|Mother||Lady Louisa Jane Russell|
James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn KG CB PC (Ire) (24 August 1838 – 3 January 1913), styled Viscount Hamilton until 1868 and Marquess of Hamilton from 1868 to 1885, was a British nobleman, groom of the stool and diplomat. He was the son of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn, and Lady Louisa Jane Russell.
Lord Hamilton was educated, like his father, at Harrow and Christ Church, Oxford, where he matriculated on 28 May 1857. After graduating from Oxford with a BA in 1860, he entered Parliament as Conservative MP for County Donegal, a constituency he represented from 1860 to 1880. After serving as High Sheriff of Tyrone for 1863, he re-entered university and emerged with an M.A. in 1865 (he was created a Companion of the Order of the Bath the same year). That year, he also embarked upon a diplomatic mission to Denmark. He served as a Lord of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales from 1866 to 1885; in the latter year, he took over his father's position of Lord Lieutenant of County Donegal, and inherited his father's peerage titles. He led the Lords' reply to the Speech from the throne wearing the uniform of Lord Lieutenant of Donegal on 21 January 1886. He was chosen Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1886, a post he held until his death. In 1887 he was appointed to the Privy Council of Ireland.
Abercorn held several positions after acceding to that title, including Groom of the Stool (1886–1891), and Chairman of the British South Africa Company. In early 1901 he was appointed by King Edward to lead a special diplomatic mission to announce the King's accession to the governments of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, Russia, Germany, and Saxony.
He was also created a Knight of the Garter, and died of pneumonia in London at the age of seventy-four. He is buried in the cemetery at Baronscourt Parish Church, the traditional burial place of the Dukes of Abercorn and their families.
Family and children
In 1869 he married Lady Mary Anna Curzon-Howe (1848–1929), daughter of Richard Curzon-Howe, 1st Earl Howe (1796–1870), and Anne Gore (bef. 1832–1877, daughter of Adm. Sir John Gore (d. 1836). They had seven sons and two daughters:
- James Albert Edward Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn (1869–1953)
- Lord Claud Penn Alexander Hamilton (18 October 1871 – 18 October 1871) (same day)
- Lord Charlie Hamilton (10 April 1874 – 10 April 1874) (same day)
- Lady Alexandra Phyllis Hamilton (1876–1918), who had HRH Princess Alexandra of Wales as sponsor at her baptism, she was lost at sea aboard RMS Leinster, unmarried.
- Lord Claud Francis Hamilton (25 October 1878 – 25 December 1878) (aged 2 months)
- Lady Gladys Mary Hamilton (1880–1917), who in 1902 married Ralph Francis Forward-Howard, 7th Earl of Wicklow (1877–1946). She was his first wife; and they had one son.
- Lord Arthur John Hamilton (1883–1914), who was Deputy Master of the Household from 1913, Captain in the Irish Guards and was killed in action at the First Battle of Ypres.
- Lord (unnamed) Hamilton (31 October 1886 – 31 October 1886) (same day)
- Lord Claud Nigel Hamilton (1889–1975), Captain in the Grenadier Guards, fought in the First World War and served in the household of King George V, his widow and Queen Elizabeth II as Deputy Master of the Household, as Extra Equerry, as Equerry in Ordinary and as Comptroller, Treasurer. In 1933 he married Violet Ruby Ashton. They had no children.
Through his oldest son James Albert Edward Hamilton, he is a great-great-grandfather of Diana, Princess of Wales.
|Ancestors of James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn|
- Cokayne 1910, p. 10.
- Foster, Joseph (1888–1892). . Alumni Oxonienses: the Members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886. Oxford: Parker and Co – via Wikisource.
- Waite, Arthur Edward (2007). A New Encyclopedia of Freemasonry. vol. I. Cosimo, Inc. p. 400. ISBN 1-60206-641-8.
- "The King – the special Embassies". The Times (36410). London. 23 March 1901. p. 12.
- Baronscourt Parish Church
- Cokayne, George E. (1910). Gibbs, Vicary, ed. The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant. I, Ab-Adam to Basing. London: St. Catherine Press.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn.|
- "James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn" at The Peerage
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Duke of Abercorn
- Portraits of James Hamilton, 2nd Duke of Abercorn at the National Portrait Gallery, London
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Edmund Hayes, Bt
| Member of Parliament for County Donegal
With: Thomas Conolly 1860–1876
William Wilson 1876–1879
Thomas Lea 1879–1880
The Duke of Abercorn
| Lord Lieutenant of Donegal
Sir John Olphert
The 1st Duke of Abercorn
| Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland
The Earl of Donoughmore
|Transferred to Special Reserve|| Honorary Colonel of the North Irish Horse
The Earl of Shaftesbury
|Peerage of Ireland|
| Duke of Abercorn