Jask

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Jask
جَسک
City
Cape of Jask دماغه جاسک - panoramio.jpg
Jask is located in Iran
Jask
Jask
Coordinates: 25°38′38″N 57°46′28″E / 25.64389°N 57.77444°E / 25.64389; 57.77444Coordinates: 25°38′38″N 57°46′28″E / 25.64389°N 57.77444°E / 25.64389; 57.77444
CountryIran
ProvinceHormozgan
CountyJask
BakhshCentral
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total16,860[1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)

Jask (Persian: جاسک, Balochi: جاشک also Romanized as Jāsk; also Bandar-e Jask (Persian: بَندَرِ جاسک), (Balochi: بندن ءِ جاشک) also Romanized as Bandar-e Jāsk[2]) is a city and capital of Jask County, Hormozgan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 11,133, in 2,406 families.[3]

Jask is a port town, about 1,690 kilometres (1,050 mi) south of Tehran,[4] situated on the Gulf of Oman.[5] It serves as the capital of Jask County,[6] and is the site of a base of the Iranian Navy which opened on October 28, 2008.[7] The base's position provides the Iranian Navy with the capability to close the Strait of Hormuz in order to block the entry of an "enemy" into the Persian Gulf. Admiral Habibollah Sayyari remarked on the base's opening that Iran was "creating a new defense front in the region, thinking of a non-regional enemy."[8]

The port of Jask is also the proposed end of the Neka-Jask pipeline. The city also has the Jask Airport.

Port of Jask[edit]

The port of Jask is a small port on the western part of Iran's coast along the Gulf of Oman. However, over the last few years it has seen a steady growth of its export freight flows to Oman, mostly agricultural products, including refrigerated, and construction materials[9]

Major developments for the port of Jask were announced by Iranian authorities in early 2019, i.e. the construction of a new terminal for oil tankers for a total investment of US$700 million, to be followed by the construction of a refinery and of a petrochemical plant. These developments are part of a total investment of US$1.8 billion centered on the construction of a new oil pipeline from Goreh, Bushehr to Jask in order to pump and export oil from Northern Iran.[10][11]

When these investments are completed in Jask, they will contribute to developing Iran's southern regional economy, as is already the case further east at Chabahar Port, and to facilitating exports through ports which do not require ships to enter the Persian Gulf through the Hormuz Strait.

Language[edit]

The linguistic composition of the city:[12]

Jask linguistic composition
Language percent
Balochi
70%
Bandari
25%
New Persian
5%

Climate[edit]

Jask has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers, warm winters and little precipitation. Due to winds blowing off the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, the city has experienced some of the highest dew points and heat indices in the world. On July 31, 2015, Jask observed a temperature of 39.0 °C (102.2 °F) degrees with a dew point of 33.0 °C (91.4 °F), leading to a heat index of 69 °C (156 °F).[13] On July 20, 2012, Jask experienced a dew point temperature of 35 °C (95 °F).[14]

Climate data for Jask (1968–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
31.2
(88.2)
35.0
(95.0)
39.0
(102.2)
44.8
(112.6)
47.2
(117.0)
43.0
(109.4)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
34.0
(93.2)
30.6
(87.1)
47.2
(117.0)
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
24.2
(75.6)
26.7
(80.1)
30.2
(86.4)
33.5
(92.3)
34.9
(94.8)
34.0
(93.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.8
(89.2)
28.7
(83.7)
25.6
(78.1)
29.9
(85.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.6
(74.5)
27.0
(80.6)
30.3
(86.5)
32.2
(90.0)
32.1
(89.8)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
25.1
(77.2)
22.1
(71.8)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
17.8
(64.0)
20.4
(68.7)
23.7
(74.7)
27.0
(80.6)
29.5
(85.1)
30.3
(86.5)
29.4
(84.9)
27.9
(82.2)
25.3
(77.5)
21.6
(70.9)
18.6
(65.5)
24.0
(75.2)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
8.0
(46.4)
13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
20.0
(68.0)
18.0
(64.4)
22.0
(71.6)
20.0
(68.0)
22.0
(71.6)
18.0
(64.4)
13.0
(55.4)
9.0
(48.2)
6.0
(42.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.6
(1.52)
28.1
(1.11)
26.0
(1.02)
4.8
(0.19)
0.0
(0.0)
4.5
(0.18)
1.3
(0.05)
0.1
(0.00)
0.0
(0.0)
3.4
(0.13)
7.4
(0.29)
25.1
(0.99)
139.3
(5.48)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.0 2.2 2.1 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.6 1.9 11.2
Average relative humidity (%) 61 64 66 66 67 71 77 78 76 69 63 62 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 234.5 233.0 247.0 285.5 319.2 283.1 219.4 240.5 266.3 291.8 272.7 249.2 3,142.2
Source: Iran Meteorological Organization (records),[15] (temperatures),[16] (precipitation),[17] (humidity),[18] (days with precipitation),[19] (sunshine)[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Center of Iran > Home".
  2. ^ Jask can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3067830" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Statistical Center of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ "Iran 'opens naval base' near Gulf". BBC News. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
  5. ^ Samuel Barrett Miles; Robin Bidwell (1997). The Countries and Tribes of the Persian Gulf. Garnet & Ithaca Press. p. 185. ISBN 1-873938-56-X.
  6. ^ اطلس گیتاشناسی استان‌های ایران [Atlas Gitashenasi Ostanhai Iran] (Gitashenasi Province Atlas of Iran)
  7. ^ "Iran opens Gulf naval base". Al Jazeera. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
  8. ^ "Iran 'opens naval base' near Gulf". BBC. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-10-28.
  9. ^ Organization, Ports & Maritime. "98% increase in Jask Port exports". Ports & Maritime Organization. Retrieved Jun 2, 2021.
  10. ^ "Iran to spend $700m for developing Jask region". The Iran Project. Sep 30, 2019. Retrieved Jun 2, 2021.
  11. ^ Reuters Staff (Oct 1, 2019). "Iran building oil pipeline to terminal outside Gulf". Reuters. Retrieved Jun 2, 2021 – via www.reuters.com.
  12. ^ "Language distribution: Hormozgan Province". Iran Atlas. Retrieved 26 September 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  13. ^ Samenow, Jason. "Iran city hits suffocating heat index of 165 degrees, near world record". The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Historical Weather on Friday, July 20, 2012 at Jask, Iran - Weather Spark". weatherspark.com. Retrieved Jun 2, 2021.
  15. ^
  16. ^ *"Average Maximum temperature in Jask by Month 1968–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  17. ^ "Monthly Total Precipitation in Jask by Month 1968–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  18. ^ "Average relative humidity in Jask by Month 1983–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  19. ^ "No. Of days with precipitation equal to or greater than 1 mm in Jask by Month 1968–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2015.
  20. ^ "Monthly total sunshine hours in Jask by Month 1968–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved April 8, 2015.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Jask at Wikimedia Commons