Jask

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For the administrative subdivisions, see Jask County and Jask Rural District. For the nearby village, see Jask-e Kohneh.
Jask
جَسک
city
Skyline of Jask
Jask is located in Iran
Jask
Jask
Coordinates: 25°38′38″N 57°46′28″E / 25.64389°N 57.77444°E / 25.64389; 57.77444Coordinates: 25°38′38″N 57°46′28″E / 25.64389°N 57.77444°E / 25.64389; 57.77444
Country  Iran
Province Hormozgan
County Jask
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 11,133
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)

Jask (Persian: جاسک‎‎, Balochi: جاشک also Romanized as Jāsk; also Bandar-e Jask (Persian: بَندَرِ جاسک‎‎), (Balochi: بندن ءِ جاشک) also Romanized as Bandar-e Jāsk)[1] is a city in and the capital of Jask County, Hormozgan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 11,133, in 2,406 families.[2]

Jask is a port town, about 1,690 kilometres (1,050 mi) south of Tehran,[3] situated on the Gulf of Oman.[4] It serves as the capital of Jask County,[5] and is the site of a base of the Iranian Navy which opened on October 28, 2008.[6] The base's position provides the Iranian Navy with the capability to close the Strait of Hormuz in order to block the entry of an "enemy" into the Persian Gulf. Admiral Habibollah Sayyari remarked on the base's opening that Iran was "creating a new defense front in the region, thinking of a non-regional enemy."[7]

The port of Jask is also the proposed end of the Neka-Jask pipeline. The city has an airport.

Climate[edit]

Jask has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh), with very hot summers and little precipitation. Due to winds blowing off the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, the city has experienced some of the highest dew points and heat indices in the world. On July 31, 2015, Jask observed a temperature of 39.0 °C (102.2 °F) degrees with a dew point of 33.0 °C (91.4 °F), leading to a heat index of 69 °C (156 °F).[8]

Climate data for Jask (1968–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.0
(84.2)
31.2
(88.2)
35.0
(95)
39.0
(102.2)
44.8
(112.6)
47.2
(117)
43.0
(109.4)
42.0
(107.6)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
34.0
(93.2)
30.6
(87.1)
47.2
(117)
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
24.2
(75.6)
26.7
(80.1)
30.2
(86.4)
33.5
(92.3)
34.9
(94.8)
34.0
(93.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
31.8
(89.2)
28.7
(83.7)
25.6
(78.1)
29.9
(85.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
21.0
(69.8)
23.6
(74.5)
27.0
(80.6)
30.3
(86.5)
32.2
(90)
32.1
(89.8)
31.2
(88.2)
30.2
(86.4)
28.6
(83.5)
25.1
(77.2)
22.1
(71.8)
27.0
(80.6)
Average low °C (°F) 16.7
(62.1)
17.8
(64)
20.4
(68.7)
23.7
(74.7)
27.0
(80.6)
29.5
(85.1)
30.3
(86.5)
29.4
(84.9)
27.9
(82.2)
25.3
(77.5)
21.6
(70.9)
18.6
(65.5)
24.0
(75.2)
Record low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
8.0
(46.4)
13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
20.0
(68)
18.0
(64.4)
22.0
(71.6)
20.0
(68)
22.0
(71.6)
18.0
(64.4)
13.0
(55.4)
9.0
(48.2)
6.0
(42.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 38.6
(1.52)
28.1
(1.106)
26.0
(1.024)
4.8
(0.189)
0.0
(0)
4.5
(0.177)
1.3
(0.051)
0.1
(0.004)
0.0
(0)
3.4
(0.134)
7.4
(0.291)
25.1
(0.988)
139.3
(5.484)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.0 2.2 2.1 0.7 0.0 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.6 1.9 11.2
Average relative humidity (%) 61 64 66 66 67 71 77 78 76 69 63 62 68
Mean monthly sunshine hours 234.5 233.0 247.0 285.5 319.2 283.1 219.4 240.5 266.3 291.8 272.7 249.2 3,142.2
Source: Iran Meteorological Organization (records),[9] (temperatures),[10] (precipitation),[11] (humidity),[12] (days with precipitation),[13]

(sunshine)[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jask can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3067830" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ "Iran 'opens naval base' near Gulf". BBC News. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  4. ^ Samuel Barrett Miles; Robin Bidwell (1997). The Countries and Tribes of the Persian Gulf. Garnet & Ithaca Press. p. 185. ISBN 1-873938-56-X. 
  5. ^ اطلس گیتاشناسی استان‌های ایران [Atlas Gitashenasi Ostanhai Iran] (Gitashenasi Province Atlas of Iran)
  6. ^ "Iran opens Gulf naval base". Al Jazeera. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  7. ^ "Iran 'opens naval base' near Gulf". BBC. 2008-10-28. Retrieved 2008-10-28. 
  8. ^ Samenow, Jason. "Iran city hits suffocating heat index of 165 degrees, near world record". The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 January 2017. 
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Monthly Total Precipitation in Jask by Month 1968–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  12. ^ "Average relative humidity in Jask by Month 1983–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  13. ^ "No. Of days with precipitation equal to or greater than 1 mm in Jask by Month 1968–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Monthly total sunshine hours in Jask by Month 1968–2010". Iran Meteorological Organization. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 
  • . الكوخردى ، محمد ، بن يوسف، (كُوخِرد حَاضِرَة اِسلامِيةَ عَلي ضِفافِ نَهر مِهران) الطبعة الثالثة ،دبى: سنة 199۷ للميلاد Mohammed Kookherdi (1997) Kookherd, an Islamic civil at Mehran river, third edition: Dubai
  • . کامله،القاسمی، بنت شیخ عبدالله، (تاریخ لنجة) مکتبة دبي للتوزیع، الامارات: الطبعة الثانية عام ۱۹۹۳ للمیلاد
  • . الوحیدی الخنجی، حسین بن علی بن احمد، «تاریخ لنجه» ، الطبعة الثانية دبی: دار الأمة للنشر والتوزیع، ۱۹۸۸ للمیلاد
  • . اطلس گیتاشناسی استان‌های ایران [Atlas Gitashenasi Ostanhai Iran] (Gitashenasi Province Atlas of Iran)