Jean Victor Allard
Jean Victor Allard
General Jean Victor Allard, CDS
|Born||12 June 1913|
|Died||23 April 1996 (aged 82)|
|Service/||Canadian Army / Canadian Forces|
|Years of service||1933–1969|
|Commands held||Chief of the Defence Staff|
Commander, Mobile Command
25th Canadian Infantry Brigade
6th Canadian Infantry Brigade
Royal 22e Régiment
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Companion of the Order of Canada|
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Grand Officer of the National Order of Quebec
Distinguished Service Order & Two Bars
|Other work||Inventor, diplomat, and amateur painter.|
General Jean Victor Allard CC, CBE, GOQ, DSO & Two Bars, ED, CD (12 June 1913 – 23 April 1996) was the first French Canadian to become Chief of the Defence Staff, the highest position in the Canadian Forces, from 1966 to 1969. He was also the first to hold the accompanying rank of general.
Allard was the only boy of seven children. His sisters were Anaïs, Judith, Thérèse, Marie, Irène and Madeleine. When he was seven years old, he and his sisters became orphans.
He proposed to his future wife, Simone Piché, on 11 November, and was married on 7 January 1939.
He and his wife had four children, Michèle, Jean, Andrée and Louis. Both sons died before reaching majority. Their daughters later married; Michèle married Jean Lajeunesse and had three children (Éric, France and Richard) and Andrée married Pierre Chénier and had four children (Martin, Andréane, Caroline and Jean-Olivier).
He retired to the city of Trois-Rivières, where he and Simone both lived out their days. Simone died on 24 April 1995. He died the following year, on 23 April 1996.
Allard served as an officer in the Régiment de Trois-Rivières prior to World War II. After the outbreak of war in 1939, he was attested to the Canadian Active Service Force and promoted to the rank of major. When the active component of his regiment was redesignated to become an Anglophone armoured unit, he requested a transfer to the infantry and became the Deputy Commanding Officer of Régiment de la Chaudière in England. In December 1943, he became the Commanding Officer of the Royal 22e Régiment in Italy.
He was in command of the 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade at the end of the war in Germany, in the rank of brigadier (now brigadier-general). He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) on three occasions. He was the Canadian Military Attaché in Moscow after the war until 1948 when he was appointed Commander for the East Quebec Area. During the Korean War, he commanded the 25th Canadian Infantry Brigade from April 1953. He signed the truce at Panmunjon on Canada's behalf on 27 July 1953. He became commander of the 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade in 1954 and Commander of the Eastern Quebec Area in 1956. In 1958 he was made Vice-Chief of the General Staff.
As a major-general, he commanded the British 4th Division from 1961 to 1963, as part of the British Army of the Rhine (BAOR). In 1964 he was made Chief of Operational Readiness. As a lieutenant-general, he was Commander, Mobile Command from 1965 to 1966, comprising the Canadian land forces in Canada and, at that time, the close air support forces, as well.
In July 1966, Allard was promoted to full general. From 1966 to 1969, he was Chief of the Defence Staff. He was the first francophone to occupy this position. It was under his supervision that the Canadian Forces were integrated. He was heavily involved in the unification of the Canadian Forces. He is also remembered for the implementation of a significant expansion of French-language units (FLUs) in the Army (the creation of a French-language brigade at CFB Valcartier with units of all arms and services), in the Air Force (the creation of French-language squadrons) and in the Navy (the creation of French-language ships).
In 1985, he published his memoirs, with English translation in 1988 The memoirs of General Jean V. Allard, written in cooperation with Serge Bernier.
|Companion of the Order of Canada (C.C.)|
|Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE)||
|Serving Member of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem|
|Grand officier de l'Ordre national du Québec (GOQ)|
|Distinguished Service Order and two bars (DSO)||
|France and Germany Star||
|Canadian Volunteer Service Medal with Overseas Service bar||
|War Medal 1939–1945||
|Canadian Volunteer Service Medal for Korea||
|United Nations Korea Medal||
|Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal||
|Canadian Centennial Medal|
|Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal for Canada||
|125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada Medal||
|Efficiency Decoration (ED)||
|Canadian Forces' Decoration (CD)||
|Chevalier de l'Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur||
|Croix de Guerre avec Palme en Bronze||
|Officer of the Legion of Merit||
- "Biography of General Jean-Victor Allard (1913 – 1996), Canada". www.generals.dk. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- Jean V. Allard. Mémoires du Général Jean V. Allard. Ottawa, Les Éditions de Mortagne, 1985. ISBN 2-89074-190-7
- General, Office of the Secretary to the Governor. "Général Jean V. Allard, C.C., G.O.Q., C.D., C.B.E., D.S.O." The Governor General of Canada. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- Office of the Governor General of Canada. Order of Canada citation. Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 24 May 2010
- "General Jean Victor ALLARD, CC, GOQ, CBE, DSO, ED, CD Chief of the Defence Staff 15 July 1966 - 14 September 1969" (PDF). Blatherwick. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- Web, Boîte à outils de l'expérience (9 December 2016). "Un francophone devient l'officier le plus haut gradé de l'armée canadienne". www.clo-ocol.gc.ca. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Jean-Victor Allard – Ordre national du Québec". www.ordre-national.gouv.qc.ca. Retrieved 15 May 2019.
- "Commemorative Medals of The Queen's Reign in Canada".
Lieutenant Colonel J.P.E. Bernatchez
| Commanding Officer of the Royal 22e Régiment
Lieutenant Colonel G.A. Turcot
| General Officer Commanding the 4th Division
(as Chief of the General Staff)
| Commander, Mobile Command
| Chief of the Defence Staff
Lieutenant Colonel P.J. Addy
| Colonel of the 12e Régiment blindé du Canada
Lieutenant Colonel M.R. Gaulin
Lieutenant General J. Chouinard
| Colonel of the Royal 22e Régiment
Major General R.A. Reid